Work on your Phrasal Verbs

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Collins
PO W ERED BY CO B U ILDI
W o r fc o n y o u r
Phrasal Verbs
Master the 400 most common phrasal verbs
Jamie Flockhart
& Cheryl Pelteret

f?u khukF
1 Basic a c tio n s6
2 A c tio n s w ith an o b je c t10
3 M o vem e n t a n d c h a n g e14
4 C o m m u n ic a tio n18
5 G iv in g in fo rm a tio n22
6 P la n n in g and o r g a n iz in g26
7 D is c u ss io n s30
8 A d v ic e or w a rn in g s34
9 T h in k in g and k n o w in g38
10 F e e lin g s42
11 A ttitu d e s46
12 R e la tio n sh ip s50
13 S o c ia liz in g a n d le isure tim e54
14 S p o rt a n d fitn e ss58
15 Travel and to u rism62
16 C lo t h in g and fa s h io n66
17 S t u d y in g a n d le a rn in g70
18 J o b s and careers74
19 B u sin e ss78
20 M o ney a n d s p e n d in g82
21 R e p o rtin g in th e m edia86
22 Political eve n ts90
23 C rim e94
24 D isa ste r and d e s tru ctio n98
25 H e lp in g a n d re co v e rin g102
A p p e n d ic e s
Learning phrasal verbs106
Understanding comm on particles107
Com mon nouns used with phrasal verbs110
A n sw e r key112
In d e x125

,?j k? 1Fh k&AF E??N
Welcome to Work on yo ur Phrasal Verbs!
Who is this book for?
The book is suitable for:
• intermediate to advanced learners
• learners who are CEF (Common European Framework) level B1+.
You can use the book:
• as a self-study course
• as supplementary material on a general English course.
Book structure
Work on your Phrasal Verbs contains:
• 25 units covering the 400 most common phrasal verbs
• a comprehensive answer key
• appendices which include a study guide with tips to help you remember phrasal verbs and use them correctly
• an index to help you find phrasal verbs quickly and easily.
The phrasal verbs in this book are grouped by topic to make them easier to remember and to help you use and
understand them in everyday situations, from chatting with friends to reading a news story. The phrasal verbs
are presented alphabetically and in large bold type over two pages in each unit, so that you can see them clearly
and find them easily.
Unit structure
Each unit is presented over four pages. The first two pages of each unit present the phrasal verbs, together with
full sentence definitions, examples and notes. The second two pages provide exercises to help you practise using
the phrasal verbs. Each unit is self-contained, so you can study the units in any order, by selecting the topic you
want to study.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 How to use this book

,?j k? 1Fh k&AF E??N
Definitions
The definitions of phrasal verbs are given in full sentences in simple, natural English. This allows you to see the
typical patterns and grammatical behaviour of a word, as well as the meaning.
Examples
Each definition is followed by at least one example. All of the examples are taken from the Collins Corpus, a huge
database of reai language from a variety of sources. The examples have been carefully chosen to show common
patterns and typical uses of the phrasal verb, so that you can see how it is really used in English today.
Notes
Notes give you extra information, for example an alternative phrasal verb, or an opposite form.
Informal and formal English
Phrasal verbs are generally more common in spoken or informal English than in written or formal English.
However, phrasal verbs can in fact be used in both formal and informal situations.
In this book, both the unit title and the examples given at the phrasal verb can help to show you whether a
phrasal verb is more likely to be used in an informal or formal situation.
More in fo rm al situation:
u nit titlephrasal verb exam ple
Socializing and leisure timecom e a lo n gWe're qoinq out for dinner. Whv don't vou come alona with us?
More form al situation:
u nit titlephrasal verb exam ple
Reporting in the mediameet withHis comments met with areat public approval.
If a phrasal verb m eaning is particularly informal, this is shown after the m eaning or in a NOTE.
British and American English
Most of the phrasal verbs in this book are used in both British and American English. However, there are
sometimes cases where a phrasal verb or one of its definitions is more usual in either British or American English.
This is shown after the m eaning or in a NOTE.
Exercises
Each unit contains eight exercises designed to help you practise using all the phrasal verbs from the unit. The
examples used in the exercises will help you to understand the phrasal verbs in context and help you to be more
confident about using them correctly. You will find answers to all the exercises in the Answer key at the back of
the book.
Your turn!
In addition to the exercises, each unit contains a Your turn! activity. These are designed to help you find further
examples of the phrasal verbs from the unit, or to use the phrasal verbs to talk about your own ideas or experiences.
Other titles
Also available in this range are:
• Work on your Accent
• Work on your IdiomsT

WeFAB eBkA?uF
fall down
If someone or something falls down when they have been in an upright position, they drop to the ground.
He tripped and fell down.
get off
If you get off something that you are on, you move your body from it, usually onto the ground.
He got off his bicycle.
get out
If you get out, you leave a place or a vehicle.
We got out o f the car.
get up
[1] When someone or something gets up or gets up something, they move from a lower position or level to a
higher one.
By the time we'd got up to the top o f the hill, we were exhausted.
I knew he would have difficulty getting up those steps.
\2\ If you get up, you rise to a standing position after you have been sitting or lying down.
He got up o ff the floor.
S I When you get up, or when someone gets you up, you get out of bed.
She decided it was time to get up.
\Ne had to get the children up and dressed.
go back
If you go back, you return to a place where you were before.
I have to go back to the US next week.
It started to rain so I went back for my umbrella.
go in
When you go in, you enter a building.
Let's go in and have some coffee.
I pushed open the door of the office and went in.
n o t e The opposite o f go in is go out.
go into
When you go into a room, building, or area, you enter it.
She went into the bedroom and shut the door.
go off
If you go off somewhere, you leave the place where you were, usually in order to do something.
He's gone off to work.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb
Basic actions

c / J‘ gNhhU S?ju
If you keep down or if you keep your head down, you stay in a lying or low position in order to avoid
being seen or attacked.
The soldier signalled to him to keep down.
lay down
If you lay som ething down, you put it down on a surface.
He laid the baby gently down on the changing table.
move up
If someone or som ething moves up or moves up a place, they go from a lower position to a higher one.
The sun had moved up in the sky.
We moved up the hill a few metres.
I n o t e j T he opposite o f m ove up is m ove dow n.
run in
If someone runs in from outside a room or building, they enter it, m oving fast.
I'll run in and get them.
run into
To run into a place means to enter it running.
They had run into the nearest apartment and asked for help.
run on
If you run on, you continue to run in the same direction.
I ran on ahead.
run out
CD If you run out of a room or building, you leave it, running.
He ran out o f the room and down the stairs.
\2} If a substance runs out from somewhere, it flows from there.
Water was running out from under the front door o f the house.
sit down
If you sit down or sit yourself down, you lower your body until you are sitting on som ething.
We were both looking for a place to sit down.
She sat herself down beside me.
! NOTE The opposite o f sit d o w n is sta n d up.
stand up
If you stand up, you change your position so that you are standing rather than sitting or lying.
The pupils stand up when the teacher comes into the room.
I n o t e I You can also use get up.
turn back
If you turn back or are turned back, you stop a journey and return towards the place you started from.
It was getting dark, so we turned back.
We were turned back by heavy snow.v

iLhtBAFh g
Match verbs 1 -5 with particles A -E to make phrasal verbs from this unit.
1 stand / move / get
A back
2 lay / sit / keep
B out
3run / get
Cdown
4 go / turn
Dinto
5 run / go
Eup
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 We enjoyed it and would really like to go on / in / back one day.
2 Could you run into / away / in and get my glasses?
3 It started raining so they turned o u t/ o n / back and went home.
4 Chloe went on / off/ into the shop and bought some water.
5 Grandma walked slowly, but the children ran on / with / onto.
6 Zack went onto / with / in and ordered a drink.
Exercise 3
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete sentences.
1 Mrs Todd came running out
A to get ourselves up.
2 A lot of the people
Band scattered all over the floor.
3 I remember running into
C were turned back at the border.
4 I went back to the kitchen
D
and stood at the side of the road.
5 The pile of books fell down
E the playroom in tears.
6 We had until 7:15
F
to continue cooking.
Exercise 4
Match each phrasal verb 1 -4 with its opposite meaning A-D .
A move down
B stand up
run out
go out 1 go in
2 move up
3 sit down
4 run in
Exercise 5
Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
1 After a while we all sat down / stood up / fell down to eat.
2 Someone fell down / stood up / went into in the middle of the hall and asked a question.
3 She went into /sat down / got up and walked across the room.
4 She laid the book down / moved the book up / ran the book out on the table.
5 I ran out / sat down / went into and slammed the door.
6 I need to get off / get out / turn back of New York for a while.
Exercise 6
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
get off run in move up lay down get up get out
1 B ro d y--------------------------------- of bed at 8:30 this morning.
2 I need t o --------------------------------- early tomorrow for work.
3 H e --------------------------------- through the open door and sat down in the living room.
4 I saw so m e th in g
____________________ that tree over there.
5 I took a fifty dollar bill a n d
__________ i t__________ on the counter.
6 H e
____________________ his stool and went to the door.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Basic actions

c / J‘ giLhtBAFh 7
Make these sentences less formal. Replace the underlined words with the phrasal verbs in the box.
get up go back go into move down sit down tu rn b a c k
1 i forgot my glasses, so I had to stop and return home to fetch them.
2 Please do not enter the building without a permit.
3 In the winter, the goats descend the mountains from the high ground.
4 Are you planning to return to the UK after your trip abroad?
5 If you find it difficult to ascend the stairs, you are welcome to use the lift.
6 Please take a seat.
Exercise 8
Read the follow ing safety advice from a ski resort website. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the
sentences that follow are true (7) or false (F).
SK I S A F E L Y
You must always sit down while using the chairlift.
If you fall down on the slope, or if you fall from the chairlift, do not get up too quickly.
If you fall from the chair lift, keep your head down until it is safe to stand up again.
If you think you may be injured, lay your skis down on the ground and wait for help.
Always stay with another person. Do not go off on your own.
If it starts to snow heavily, you should consider turning back.
1 Always stand up on the chairlift. □
2 If you are injured, ski to someone and ask for help. □
3 It is safe to ski alone. □
4 If it snows heavily, leave the slopes and return to
your accom m odation. □
5 If you fall from the chairlift, get up quickly. □
6 Keep you head down while on the chairlift. □
Y o u r tu r n !
Look for a website that gives advice about a sport
or activity you'd like to try and find exam ples of
the phrasal verbs in this unit.
ft was hard •(or his nuothtV"
hirvt up m'the ft\orr\mg.J

TBkA?uF jAk& eu ?EKhBk
let in
If you let someone in, you allow them to come into a place, usually by opening the door for them.
We rang the doorbell and someone came and let us in.
light up
To light something up means to shine light on or in it, so that it is bright and easy to see.
The match lit up her face.
look for
If you look for something or someone, you try to find them.
Someone came to the office looking for you.
pick up
If you pick something or someone up, you lift them up from a surface.
The baby was crying so I picked her up.
I n o t e I You can also use lift up.
put back
If you put something back somewhere, you put it in the place it was in before it was moved.
Shall I put it back in the box for you?
put down
If you put down someone or something that you are holding or carrying, you put them on the floor or on
a table, bed, etc.
He put the basket down and looked inside it.
She put down her case and kissed him.
I n o t e I You can also use set dow n.
NOTE The opposite o f p u t dow n is pick up.
put in
If you put something in or put one thing in another, you put one thing inside another thing.
I need to put a new battery in.
He stood at the slot machine and put in a coin.
put together
If you put together an object or its parts, you join its parts to each other so that it can be used.
It's very interesting to see how they put together these huge structures.
I have all the parts here - 1 ju st need to put them together.
n o t e I The opposite o f p u t to g e th er is take ap art.
put up
If you put something up, you move it to a higher position.
He put up the collar of his jacket.
Anna put her feet up on the desk.Wor vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Actions with an object

c / J‘ OkeNh eje5
If you take something away from a place or position, you remove it from a place and put it somewhere else.
She took her hands away from her eyes and looked.
A waiter came to take away the plates.
I n o t e! The opposite o f take away is p u t back.
take back
When you take som ething back, you take it to the place where you were before or where it was before.
I filled a plastic bottle with water and took it back to the car.
take into
If you take someone or som ething into a place, you go with them there.
I'll take you into town if you like.
throw at
If you throw an object at someone or som ething, you try to hit them with the object by throwing it.
He threw a dart at the board.
throw away
If you throw som ething away, you get rid of it because you no longer want or need it.
I can make soup with the leftover chicken, so don't throw it away.
throw in
If you throw som ething in or throw it in som ething, you casually put or drop it into som ething such as a
container or mixture.
Add a teaspoonful o f salt, and throw in the rice.
'Have you got room for my bag in your car?' - 'Sure, throw it in.'
I threw it in a drawer and forgot about it.
throw out
E l If you throw out som ething, you throw it so that it moves q uickly away from you.
The fishermen threw the net out and could not pull it back in.
She threw out handfuls o f corn for the chickens.
[H If you throw out som ething you no longer want, you get rid of it.
They threw out their rubbish.
I NOTE I You can also use th ro w away.
turn off
If you turn off a device or machine, you make it stop working using its controls. If it turns off, it stops working.
George came in and turned off the radio.
The heating turns off automatically at night.
n o t e You can also use sw itch off.
I n o t e I The opposite o f tu r n o ff is tu r n on.
turn on
If you turn a device or machine on, you make it start working using its controls. If it turns on, it starts working.
Shall I turn the lights on?
The tap won't turn on.
I n o t e I You can also use sw itch on.gg

iLhtBAFh g
Match verbs 1 -6 with particles A -F to make phrasal verbs from this unit.
1let / throw / put A away
2 light / pickBback
3p u t/ ta k e Cfor
4 throw / take Din
5putEtogether
6look F up
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 Maya picked the bags on / in / up and left the restaurant.
2 He took the suitcases down / back / into upstairs.
3 I took my cup of coffee in to/ over/under the living room.
4 The children threw snowballs on / in / at each other.
5 He turned o n / in/aw ay the shower.
6 Tommy helped me put my new desk on / o u t/ together.
7 Jennifer put her glass with / away / down on the table.
8 Put your hand up / over / with if you know the answer.
Exercise 3
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If you let someone in, you allow them to leave a place. □
2 If you light something up, you shine light on or in it. □
3 If you put something back, you move it to a new place. □
4 If you throw something in, you drop it into something. □
5 If you turn something off, you make it start working. □
6 If you take something away, you take it to the place where it was before. □
7 If you put something down, you put it on the floor or on a table etc. □
8 If you put something up, you move it to a lower position. □
Exercise 4
Match each phrasal verb 1 -5 with another phrasal verb A -E that has the same meaning.
1turn off
Athrow away
2
pick up
B switch on
3throw out
Cswitch off
4 turn on
D lift up
5 put down
E set down
Exercise 5
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete sentences.
1
1 don't need this jacket anymore
A as long as you put it back on my bookshelf afterwards.
2
I'm going to take this iron back to the shop
B because it doesn't work properly.
3
To save electricity, turn off the lights
C can you let me in?
4
I've forgotton my key -
D please pick it up.
5
You can borrow my dictionary
E so I'm going to throw it out.
6
You dropped some litter -
F when you leave a room.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Actions with an object

c / J‘ OiLhtBAFh x
Match questions 1 -6 with answers A-F.
1 Are you looking for som ething in particular?A
Yes, I'll turn it on.
2 Where did you find that interesting coin?B
Yes, 1 did. Thanks for lending it to me.
3Have you seen my wallet?C
1 just picked it up in the street. It's dated 1954!
4 Did you put my pen back in my pencil case?D
Yes, thank you. It was a delicious meal.
5 May 1 take away your plates?E
Yes - a present for my mother.
6Shall we watch the news on TV?F
1 think you put it in your coat pocket.
Exercise 7
Make these sentences less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
lit up put together looking for th ro w aw ay let in put back
1 The managem ent will only admit people who have tickets.
2 She replaced the phone.
3 The sun illuminated the sky.
4 It takes eight hours to assemble each device.
5 She decided to discard her old shoes.
6 We are seeking a new car.
Exercise 8
Read Jessica's Internet m essages about her trip to Tokyo. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer the
questions.
: • I arrived very late at the hotel last night, and the doors were locked. Thankfully one of the hotel workers let me in!
: • I wasn't sure at first how to turn on the shower in the hotel. Then I spent half an hour looking for the switch
j to turn it off!
• • Tokyo looks amazing! At night the city is com pletely lit up with neon lights.
: • It's great that I can ju st put a coin in the machine and then choose a hot or ice cold coffee!
1 Who let Jessica in to the hotel?
2 Why could she not let herself in?
3 What did she have difficulty turning on?
4 How long did it take her to turn the shower off?
5 What lights up the city at night?
6 What does Jessica need to put in the machine to get a coffee?
Y o u r tu rn !
Think about what you did one day last week. Use the
phrasal verbs in this unit to describe your or another
person's actions with an object. For example:
I picked up my briefcase from my desk.
A waitress took away my empty cup.eF

m?dhbhuk euS B&eu'h
bring up
If you bring up a child, you look after it until it is grown up and you try to give it particular beliefs.
His parents brought him up to believe it was possible to achieve anything.
come along
S When someone comes along or comes along a road or other area of ground, they move along somewhere
towards you.
They're coming along behind us, I think.
[2] When something or someone comes along, they start to happen or exist.
This was the greatest advance until X-rays came along in the 1890s.
CS If something or someone is coming along, they are making progress or developing in the way you want.
The arrangements are coming along nicely.
n o t e You can also use com e on.
come back
When someone or something comes back, they return to the place where they were before.
I've ju st come back from the hairdresser's.
come down
When someone or something comes down or comes down something, they move from a higher position
to a lower one.
We met them as they were coming down the hill.
come in
When someone comes in, they enter the room or building where you are.
She came in and sat on the edge o f the bed.
come off
If someone or something comes off or comes off an area, place, or vehicle, they leave it.
Their goalkeeper had to come off with an injury.
She saw him come off the plane.
come out
When someone comes out of their house or room, or a place where they were hidden, they leave it or
appear from it.
I saw them go into the building and come out five minutes later.
come through
When someone comes through, they move out of one room and enter another.
The doctor can see you now if you would like to come through.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Movement and change

c / J‘ pB?bh 1U
When someone or som ething comes up or comes up som ething, they move from a lower position to a
higher one, or move towards the place where you are.
I could hear him coming up the stairs.
get back
CD If you get back, you return somewhere after being in another place.
What time do you usually get back from work?
[2] If you get som ething back, you get it again after losing it or g ivin g it to someone else.
I'm going to return it to the shop and get my money back.
go over
When you go over, you move towards someone or som ething and reach them.
I went over to congratulate the parents.
grow up
CD When a child grows up, they gradually change into being an adult.
I grew up in New York.
[2] If you tell an adult to grow up, you are telling them in an angry way to stop behaving in a silly or childish way.
[INFORMAL]
You're upset because she’s giving the baby more attention than you? Grow up, Gene!
leave behind
If you leave someone or som ething behind, you do not take them with you when you go somewhere.
The box wouldn't fit in the car, so we had to leave it behind.
make for
If you make for a place, you move towards it in a quick or determined way.
The best thing would be to make for high ground.
] n o t e 1 You can also use h e ad for.
move in
When you move in, you begin to live in a house or place.
I've got the keys and I'm moving in on Saturday.
I n o t e I The opposite o f m ove in is m ove o u t.
return to
When you return to a place, you go back there after you have been away.
I returned to my hotel.
run down
To run down somewhere means to run to a lower level or away from a place.
She ran down the steps.
start out
E If you start out, you begin to move and go somewhere.
They started out early the next morning.
1 n o t e I You can also use set off, set o u t, and s ta rt off.
\T\ To start out means to begin som ething in a particular way or by doing a particular thing.
He started out in his early twenties with a small shop.
I n o t e I You can also use s ta rt off.
I NOTE I The opposite o f s ta rt o u t is en d up.!-

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 Anjelica was brought o ff/ up / for by strict parents.
2 After driving for a while, we came out / in / through of the tunnel.
3 Leo left the room and came along / behind / back with his laptop.
4 This kind of opportunity doesn't often come down / along / over.
5 When did you get over I on I back from your holiday?
6 Ashley grew up / out / away in a small town outside Brisbane.
Exercise 2
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete sentences.
1
I'm determined to getAand said hello.
2
He went over to her Bdown the stairs.
3
When we moved in, the house Cmy money back.
4
When the game finished, we started Dout for home.
5
She found an umbrella in the stationE that someone had left behind.
6
He ranFhad no furniture.
Exercise 3
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If you come in, you enter a place. □
2 If you come off, you leave a place. □
3 If you come out of a place, you enter it. □
4 If you come through, you leave one room and enter another. □
5 If you come up, you move from a high position to a lower one. □
6 If you come down, you move from a low position to a higher one. □
Exercise 4
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
coming off came in returned to come through coming up made for
1Why don't you
tn thp living mom to watch TV?
2Whpn hp
he looked tired.
3
We watched the passengersthp boat.
4
She could see a large tractorthp hill.
5
After the film finished, wethp pxit.
6Adam
the library a week later.
Exercise 5
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
come along start out g e t ... back go over come back
1 Maria has j u s t____________________ from a holiday in China.
2 His phone made a beeping noise, so h e
____________________ and picked it up.
3 How is your research p rogram m e
____________________ ?
4 I
--------------------------------- as a technician, but now I'm a manager.
5 She lent him a pen, but she d id n 't
__________ i t___________a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Movement and change

c / J‘ piL h tBAFh x
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 Where were you grown up?
2 It took the passengers a long time to come out the plane.
3 The explorer started up on a journey to Asia.
4 After many years, he ended out having travelled around the world.
5 If it starts raining, go for the forest - we can shelter there.
6 The holidays are over and it's time to return back college.
Exercise 7
Match the underlined phrasal verbs 1 - 6 with a word or phrase A - F with the same meaning.
1
If vou aet lost, iust ao up to a local person andA
get something back again after giving it to someone
ask for directions.
2 What time do vou usually aet back from work?B
making good progress
3 He was seriously injured in a bicycle accident,C
starting to get
but he's comma alona nicelv.
4 If you aren't happy with the product, you can get D return
vour monev back.
5
We're aoin a to live in a different town. We're m ovinaE approach
out at the end of the month.
6
Can you believe it - the day before my holiday,F
leaving this place
and I'm com ina down with a terrible cold.
Exercise 8
Read this extract from Reza's blog, where he talks about how his life has changed. Underline all the phrasal
verbs, then answer the questions.
: I grew up in a small village. When I was still young, my father didn't come back from the war, so my
: mother had to bring me up on her own. When I was older, I had to leave my mother behind to look for
: work in the city. But I knew I could return to the village to visit my family and friends. When I started out
: living in the city, I had no money. But now I have my own small software company, and the business is
: really coming along. In fact I've just bought a new house and I can't wait to move in!
1 Where did Reza grow up?
2 Who didn't come back from the war?
3 Who brought Reza up?
4 Why did Reza have to leave his mother behind?
5 Is Reza's business successful?
6 Is Reza living in the house he has ju st bought?
Y o u r tu rn !
What th in gs have ch a nged in your life? Use the
phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about them. For
example:
I grew up in a city but now I live on a farm.
My football skills have come along since I started
playing.
Thecj cjttKuup S o 'fa st ih ese dayse?

f?bb1uABekA?u
ask for
Q] If you ask for something, you say that you would like to have it.
She asked for a drink of water.
\I\ If you ask for someone when you are making a phone call, you say that you would like to speak to them.
He rang the office and asked for Cynthia.
call back
CD If you call back, you go to see someone briefly for a second time.
I'll call back tomorrow and collect the shoes.
\2\ If you call back, you telephone someone for a second time.
I'll call back when you're not so busy.
C3 If you call someone back, you telephone them again in return for a telephone call they have made to you.
Can I call you back later?
I NOTE I You can also use ring back. This is m ainly British.
call up
If you call up or call someone up, you telephone someone.
Paul often calls me up ju st for a chat.
She called up an old boyfriend to invite him out for dinner.
The radio station had an open line on which listeners could call up to discuss various issues.
I n o t e You can also use p h o n e up and rin g up.
come back to
If you come back to a particular subject, you mention or start to discuss it again.
We always come back to the same point.
get back to
E If you get back to what you were doing or talking about before, you start doing it or talking about it
again.
I couldn't get back to sleep.
n o t e [ You can also use go back to.
{2\ if you get back to someone, you contact them again after a short period of time.
Leave a message and I'll get back to you.
hang on
If you hang on, you wait for a short time. [INFORMAL]
Hang on a minute, I'm not ready.
n o t e You can also use h o ld on.!Pi cE3 ch 7 c * E gsE!N!y ; TEIN Communication

c / J‘ y&het 8t?b
If you hear from someone or hear som ething from them, you receive a phone call, email, or other message
from them.
I don't hear from my sister very often.
Have you heard anything from Oliver since he went to university?
hold back
If you hold back, or if something holds you back, you do not do or say something that you want to do or say.
She always says exactly what she thinks, without holding back.
She wanted to ask his name, but something held her back.
hold on
E If you hold on, you wait or stop what you are doing for a short time.
Hold on! I can't hear you if you all talk at once!
I NOTE You can also use h a n g o n .
[2 If you ask someone you are speaking to on the phone to hold on, you want them to wait for a short time.
Hold on a moment, please, I'll put you through.
make out
E If you make som ething out, you manage to see or hear it.
He could ju s t make out the number plate o f the car.
She was mumbling something but I couldn't make it out.
I n o t e I You can also use p ick o u t.
\2\ If you make som ething out, you manage to understand it.
I can't make out if Lily likes him or not.
The essay was full o f complex ideas and we struggled to make them out.
I n o t e You can also use w o rk o u t.
O If you make out that som ething is true, you try to make people believe it.
He tried to make out he'd forgotten, but I knew he hadn't.
put to
If you put som ething to someone, you say it to them in order to find out how they react to it.
These are the sort o f questions that I'll be putting to the politicians.
talk to
If you talk to someone, you have a conversation with them.
I ju st wanted to talk to you.
i n o t e You can also use talk w ith .
talk with
If you talk with someone, you have a conversation with them, [mainly AMERICAN]
I'd like to talk with you about your husband.
turn down
If you turn som ething or someone down, you refuse a request or offer.
She applied for a jo b in a restaurant, but was turned down.
He asked me to help and I couldn't really turn him down.e5

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
back back to for
1
We'll comethat point latpr nn.
2Shp rallpd thp niimbpr and asked thp managpr.
3
Hiroto was keen to getwork.
4Snmpfhing hpld hpr
from saying anything.
5Hp always askpd
a rpcpipt.
6
I'll call you
with more details later.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 Would you mind holding out / on / back while I call Mr Smith?
2 He's not here at the moment. Can I ask him to call you up / back / outl
3 I'll get back / out / on to you soon with my decision.
4 The photo is very unclear - I can't make it out I up I over very well.
5 He asked her to go to the cinema with him but she turned him out / back / down.
6 I've got a proposal I'd like to put through / to / with you.
Exercise 3
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1
turn down
Amanage to see or hear something
2
make out Bwait for a short time
3
come back to
Crefuse a request or offer
4 hang on
Dreceive a message from someone
5
hold back
Enot say or do something you want to
6 hear from
Fmention something again
Exercise 4
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete sentences.
1
1 called her up last night Ato ask how she was.
2
We haven't heard Bturn down the offer.
3
1 really need to talk to
Cwhat the sign said.
4
It was dark and it was hard to make out
Dfrom him in a long time.
5
1 put it to him that he m ight make Eyou about something.
6
In the end he decided to Fmoney from the scheme.
Exercise 5
Replace the underlined phrasal verbs with one from the box with the same meaning.
called ... back call up get back to hang on make out | talk to
1 Can we go back to the point you raised earlier?
2 I can't work out why he did it.
3 I rang Stefan back the following day.
4 Can you hold on for a minute or two?
5 Can I talk with you about this?
6 You can phone up and speak to an adviser at any time.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Communication

c / J‘ yiLhtBAFh x
Read the follo w in g text message conversation. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then match them with the
correct definitions 1-6.
: Katy: Hi Ying! Sorry I had to go earlier on the phone. My mum was trying to talk to me from downstairs and I
: couldn't make out what she was saying.
: Y in g : That's OK! Thanks for getting back to me. I just called you up to ask you for some advice.
: Katy: I'm busy right now, but can you call me back at 7 p.m.?
: Y in g : Sure. We'll speak then!
1 telephone someone
2 say you would like to have something
3 manage to hear som ething
4 telephone someone for a second time
5 contact someone again after a short time
6 have a conversation with someone
Exercise 7
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
make out hang on come back to tu rn d o w n p ut... to h o ld b a c k
1 Sorry, I c o u ld n 't _____________________what you said there. Can you repeat that?
2 I'm afraid I'm g o in g to have t o ----------------------------------your offer.
3 L e t's_____________________that question a bit later.
4 Would you m in d _____________________a moment?
5 I usually d o n 't____________________ : I say what I mean.
6 H e
__________ i t ___________her that she had done this deliberately.
Exercise 8
Read the extract from an email to an online sh o p p in g company. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer
the questions.
: I'd like to make a complaint about your customer service. I was told that if there was a problem with
: my order, I should call up the customer service department and talk to someone about it. Well, when
; someone eventually answered the phone, I was told to hold on while they found my details. After half an
i hour of hanging on, nobody had got back to me, so I ended the call. I was hoping to hear from you again
: but nobody has called me back yet. I might have to put my complaint to them in writing now.
4 What did the caller expect would happen after ending1 Who did the caller want to have a conversation with?
2 What did the caller have to do for a long time, after
someone answered the call?
3 How long did the caller have before ending the phone
the phone call?
5 Has the caller had any response from the company?
6 What does the caller intend to do next?
Y o u r tu r n !
Do you prefer to send m essages or speak to people
on the phone? Use the phrasal verbs in this unit to
talk about the different ways you com municate.
For example:call?
I like talking to my friends on the phone.Le

6AdAu' Au8?tbekA?u
base on
If you base one thing on another thing, or if it is based on another thing, it takes its general form, subject
or ideas from that other thing.
I based my novel on my experiences as a nurse.
Many educational systems are based on this model.
n o t e You can also use base u po n. This form is more formal.
begin with
CD If you begin with something, you deal with it or do it first.
We should perhaps begin with the issue of staffing.
HI If something that is printed or written begins with a particular letter, word, or sentence, this letter, word,
or sentence is its first part.
Think of all the names beginning with D.
bring up
If you bring up a particular subject, you start talking about it.
I advised her to bring the matter up at the next meeting.
I am sorry to bring up the subject o f politics yet again.
come up with
If you come up with a plan, idea, or solution, you think of it and suggest it.
It didn't take her long to come up with a very convincing example.
cut out
If you cut out part of something that someone has written, you remove it from the text and do not print
or broadcast it.
He cut out all references to the prince being ugly.
Her publishers had cut several stories out o f her memoirs.
deal with
If something such as a book, film or discussion deals with a particular topic or idea, it discusses, explains
or expresses it.
These questions will be dealt with in Chapter 7.
fill in
CD If you fill in a document or the information on a document, you write all the information that is needed
on it. [BRITISH]
We will fill the invoices in with all the necessary information.
Fill in your name and address here.
Cn o t e You can also use fill out.
[H If you fill someone in, you give them information about something.
I'll fill you in on the details now.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Giving information

c / J‘ 3Ihedh ?1k
If you leave someone or som ething out, you do not include them in something.
One or two scenes in the play were left out o f the film.
I invited the whole class because I didn't want to leave anyone out.
move on to
If you move on to a topic, you start talking about it after talking about som ething else.
By the time I returned, the conversation had moved on to other matters.
I n o t e I You can also use m ove o n to , tu r n to and com e o n to.
put forward
If you put forward an idea or plan, you state it or publish it so that people can consider it and discuss it.
The theory was first put forward by scientists in the US.
She planned to put her suggestions forward at the next meeting.
n o t e You can also use set out.
refer to
If you refer to a particular subject or person, you talk about them or mention them.
In his letters to Vita he rarely referred to political events.
start off
To start som ething off means to cause it to begin.
It was Terry who started off the argument.
I asked a simple question to start the interview off.
sum up
[El If you sum som ething up, you briefly describe its most im portant aspects.
I can't sum up his whole philosophy in one sentence.
To sum all this up: what we need is a reform o f the system.
[2] If someone sums up, they briefly repeat the main points of a speech or debate as a conclusion.
At the end o f the discussion, he summed up, and added a few points.
write in
CD If you write in, you send a letter to an organization.
We are offering a half-price holiday to the first person to write in with the correct explanation.
[2j If you write in a piece of information on a form or docum ent, you add the information by w riting it in the
correct place.
Don't forget to write in your name and address on the form.
He arranged the meeting for Tuesday and wrote it in on the calendar in red pen.LF

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 The book begins out / with / on an introduction to the topic.
2 I want to start the discussion off/ in / forward with my own view on this.
3 She helps me to come out with / over with / up with new ideas.
4 Andrew deliberately left o u t/ o n / with some of the details.
5 He was referring in / on / to his previous job.
6 Keira summed the film up/ on / in as dull and uninteresting.
7 Could you fill with / on /o u t this form, please?
8 She wrote in / on / out to the TV show to ask for more details.
Exercise 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1 If something is based on something, it Atakes its ideas from that thing.
2 If a film deals with a topic, itB do not include it.
3If you put forward an idea, you C think of it and suggest it.
4
If you leave something out, youD explains or expresses it.
5 If you come up with something, youE state it or publish it.
6 If you fill someone in, youF give them information about something
Exercise 3
Match sentence halves 1 -8 with A -H to make complete sentences.
1 1 wrote a report basedA the topic of voting behaviour.
2 The film deals B with the letter A.
3 To sum up: within our society Con the information you gave me.
4 Let's now move on to D there still exist major inequalities.
5 1 hope to come E with the conflicts between two generations of a family.
6 Her name begins F up with some of the answers.
7
1 filled him Ga painful subject.
8 Sorry, 1 didn't mean to bring up such H in on what happened earlier.
Exercise 4
Choose the best answers to complete the sentences.
1 The prize will go to the first person who leaves out / puts forward/ writes in with the correct answer.
2 It's a difficult issue to bring up / base on / write in.
3 I'll cut out / begin with / write in a report about our most important products.
4 They always referred to / moved onto / summed up him by his surname.
5 He brings the jo b up / sums the jo b up / comes up with the job as 'managing change'.
6 I based on / started off / cut out the project by finding information on the Internet.
Exercise 5
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 The findings are based in five years of scientific research.
2 Ahmed had come off with another good idea.
3 All confidential details have been cut forward of the report.
4 Dana didn't want to leave off any important details.
5 I would sum on the show as dull and predictable.
6 She refers off him as her partner.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df 0 Giving information

c / J‘ 3iLhtBAFh x
Com plete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
based on began with come up with put forward started off wrote... in
1 Jackthe answer
carefully.
3 The new film is 2 Annaa brief overview of the situation. ________ a true story.
4 The com pany are trying to a new game.
5 Theo hada very strong argument.
6 Whatthe fight?
Exercise 7
Make these sentences sound less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
based on leave out put forward c u to u t dealt with sums up
1 The report encapsulates the arguments for and against this plan.
2 This question is discussed in the next chapter.
3 The follow ing film is based upon true events.
4 He stated several suggestions at the meeting.
5 She removed the last few paragraphs.
6 You can omit this part.
Exercise 8
Read the follow ing advice about w riting a report. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the
sentences that follow are true (T) or false (F).
: Your report should be based on factual evidence. Begin with a short introduction in which you put
j forward your main argument. You can leave out smaller details at this point. Then move onto your first
: topic. Try to come up with at least three topics which deal with different areas. If there are more than five
: areas, you may wish to cut out some of them or refer to them only briefly. To finish your report, sum up
: the main points and give a short conclusion.
1 The introduction is when you put forward your first topic. □
2 You should begin with a short conclusion. □
3 You can leave out small details. □
4 The report should be based on facts. □
5 You should come up with at least three topics. □
6 To finish, you should sum up the main points. □
Y o u r T u rn !
Look for a website that gives advice about writing
reports. Can you find any exam ples of the phrasal
verbs in this unit?7 You can cut out the conclusion. □
8 The report should deal with at least six areas. □
She (AecicUcl not -to b r i n g g p the5G

CIeuuAu' euS ?t'euA4Au'
aim at
X If you aim at something, or if something that you do is aimed at having a particular effect, you hope to
achieve it.
They are aiming at a higher production level.
The research is aimed at developing treatments for the disease.
[2j If an action or activity is aimed at someone, it is intended to influence them or be of interest or help to
them.
Many o f the devices are aimed at people with hearing problems.
n o t e I You can also use be d irected at.
count on
If you count on something, you expect it to happen and include it in your plans.
These workers can now count on a regular salary.
1 n o t e You can also use c o u n t u p o n and rely on.
end up
If you end up in a particular place or situation, you are in that place or situation after a series of events,
even though you did not originally intend to be.
If we go on in this way, we'll end up with millions o f people unemployed.
I n o t e I You can also use w in d up and finish up.
fit in
If you manage to fit in a person or task, you manage to find time to deal with them.
I'm on holiday next week, but I can fit you in on the 9th.
I n o t e You can also use squeeze in.
follow up
E l If you follow something up, you try to find out more about it and perhaps do something about it.
When I heard the rumours, I tried to follow them up.
Wi If you follow up one action or thing with another, you do or have the second action or thing soon after
the first.
They must attend the course, and this is followed up by personal visits.
The President followed up the first round of voting by challenging his opponent to a public debate.
go about
If you go about a task or problem in a particular way, that is the way you start to deal with it.
I'd been wondering how to go about it.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Planning and organizing

c / J‘ xIAuh 1U
If you line som ething or someone up in preparation for an event or activity, you arrange for them to be
ready and available.
We've lined someone up to present the show.
I had plenty o f questions lined up for him.
plan for
If you plan for a particular thing or event, you consider it when you are making your arrangements.
Why didn't I plan for this possibility?
pull off
If you pull som ething off, you succeed in doing som ething difficult.
They pulled off a deal with an Australian firm.
She had succeeded, triumphantly: she had pulled it off.
rule out
If you rule out som ething or someone, you decide that they are im possible or unsuitable or that they are
not responsible for something.
The government has not ruled out military action.
You have to be under thirty, so that rules me out.
run into
If you run into problems or difficulties, you unexpectedly begin to experience them.
He ran into trouble with his economic policies.
set out
E If you set out to do som ething, you intend and begin to do it.
They had failed in what they had set out to do.
H] If you set som ething out, you explain facts or ideas clearly in writing or in speech.
His conclusions were set out in his article.
start on
If you start on som ething, you begin doing it or doing som ething with it.
You clean the kitchen while I start on the bathroom.
turn out
If som ething turns out a particular way, it happens in that way.
It turned out to be a really great evening.
1 n o t e I You can also use w o rk o ut.
wind up
EG When you wind up an activity or event, or when an activity or event winds up, it ends.
When my turn came to wind up the debate, I felt very nervous.
Perhaps we should wind it up there.
ID If you wind up in a particular place or situation, you are in it as the end result of a series of events or
processes.
After a great night out we wound up at a Chinese restaurant.
This plan might wind up costing us more money.
fNOTE You can also use fin ish u p and en d up.Hc

iLhtBAFh g
Match the particles in the box with the verbs to make phrasal verbs from this unit.
out up into on
1 end / follow / line / wind _____________
2 rule / set / turn _____________
3 co u n t/ sta rt _____________
4 run _____________
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the particles in the box.
up out on for about off
1 They can't r u le
_________ the possibility of a takeover.
2 I think you may have g o n e
_________ this the wrong way.
3 When the business collapsed, we e n d e d
_____ _ with no money.
4 The team p u lle d
_________ a win against Spain.
5 We always p la n
_________ several different outcomes.
6 I'm glad I can c o u n t
_________ your support.
Exercise 3
Match each phrasal verb 1-5 with another phrasal verb A -E that has the same meaning.
1 turn out
A be directed at
2
fit in Bwork out
3end up
Crely on
4 count on D squeeze in
5 be aimed at E wind up
Exercise 4
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with a word or phrase A -F with the same meaning.
1 The advertising campaign is aimed at women. A arranged
2 We could probably fit you in some time next week.
Bended up
3 The band has another tour lined up for this summer.
C find time to deal with you
4 We always follow up any customer complaints.
D intended to influence
5
He wound up in hospital after the accident. E begin doing
6 I'll start on the accounts now. F investigate
Exercise 5
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct answer.
1 If you wind something up, you start / finish it.
2 If you follow something up, you take something from it / find out more or do more about it.
3 If you pull something off, you are I aren't successful.
4 If something is ruled out, it is compulsory / unsuitable.
5 A person you can't count on is reliable / unreliable.
6 If something turns out a certain way, the results are expected / unexpected.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Planning and organizing

c / J‘ xiLhtBAFh x
Choose the best answer to com plete the sentences.
1 I tried to make a doctor's appointm ent for tomorrow, but he's too busy to follow me up / fit me in / rule me out.
2 The presentation is pulled off for / ruled out for / aimed at teachers with little or no experience.
3 After an hour, the talk show host started to set out / end up / wind up the conversation.
4 Things didn't turn out / wind up / follow up the way I th ought they would.
5 I've got lots of revision to do. I'd better start on / set out / run into my work.
6 How do you count on / set out / go about ch anging your password?
Exercise 7
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
tu rn o u t set out set out run into go about follow up
1 The idea has b e e n_______________________________ by our researchers.
2 I'm not sure how t o _____________________ setting up my own business.
3 We m ig h t_____________________ some problems later on.
4 A n d re w _____________________ to establish himself as a journalist.
5 This will depend on how t h in g s -----------------------------------
6 In the journal, s h e
______________________________ her theory in detail.
Exercise 8
Read the conversation. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then in your own words, explain what each one
means below.
: C h in ed u : How should we go about planning our wedding?
: S te p h a n ie : Well, we could start on the guest list this afternoon.
| C h in e d u : I think we should really try to line up a venue first.
: S te p h a n ie : We can't rely on good weather, so let's rule out outdoor venues.
: C h in ed u :Th at's true - we don't want to wind up getting married in the rain!
: S te p h a n ie : Planning a w edding isn't easy. But I'm sure we'll pull it off!
Y o u r tu r n !
Th in k of an event or activity you would like to
organize. Use the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk
about it. For example:
The event would be aimed at young people.Wo

sAFB1FFA?uF
agree with
If you agree with an action or suggestion, you approve of it.
You didn't ask anybody whether they agreed with what you were doing.
back down
If you back down, you start to accept someone else's opinion or demand, even though you do not want
to.
Eventually he backed down on the question of pay.
1 n o t e You can also use give in.
b a ck u p
If you back up a statement, you give evidence to prove that it is true or reasonable.
You need some statistics to back up your claim.
Supporters o f this theory offer no evidence to back it up.
bring into
3 If you bring someone into an event or group, you ask them to take part in it or be part of it.
Greece has got to be brought into the talks.
El] If you bring a subject into a discussion or situation, you introduce it or start talking about it.
They always bring money into it.
come down to
If a problem, question, or situation comes down to a particular thing, that is the most important thing
about it.
It all comes down to what sort o f education you received.
give in
lS If you give in, you finally agree to do what someone wants you to do even though you do not want to do it.
He can say what he likes - 1 won't give in.
Hi If you give in, you finally accept that someone else has defeated you and you stop competing.
All right, I give in - what's the answer?
go back on
If you go back on a promise, agreement, or statement, you do not do what you promised or agreed, or
you say something which is the opposite of what you said earlier.
It wouldn't be fair to go back on all those promises.
go back to
If you go back to a point in a discussion or conversation, you start talking about it again.
Going back to what you said earlier, we simply don't have the budget for this.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Discussions

c / J‘ 7'? Auk?
If you go into a particular subject, you describe it fully or in detail.
He went into the matter in some detail.
insist on
If you insist on som ething, you ask for it firmly and refuse to accept anything else.
He insisted on paying for the meal.
NOTE i You can also use insist u p o n .
listen to
E When you listen to someone or som ething, you give your attention to a sound or to what someone says.
You need to sit quietly and listen to the teacher.
OH If you listen to someone or to what someone says, you pay attention to them and let them influence you.
He never listened to his mother.
point out
[2 If you point out an object or person, you tell someone that they are there or use your hand to show them.
Dino had pointed her out at the party.
They walked up the street, and she pointed out the cafe.
HI If you point som ething out, you give people an im portant piece of information that they did not know.
Critics were quick to point out the weaknesses in these arguments.
I pointed this fact out to him in the meeting.
stand by
If you stand by som ething, you continue to believe that it is correct or true.
I said I could do it and I stand by that.
i n o t e I You can also use abide by and ad h ere to . These are more formal.
I NOTE I The opposite o f sta n d by is go back o n .
talk into
If you talk someone into doing something, you persuade them to do it.
She talked me into taking a week's holiday.
1 NOTE j The opposite o f talk in to is talk o u t of.
talk out of
If you talk someone out of doing something, you persuade them not to do it.
He tried to talk me out o f buying such a big car.
win over
If you win someone over, you persuade them to support or agree with you or you make them like you.
[mainly BRITISH]
I was completely won over by the courtesy and decency o f the people.
His directness and obvious honesty were winning people over.Fe

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences w ith the particles in the box.
down by into out of to back on out down to
1 The government has refused to b a c k_____________ on this issue.
I think it c o m e s
--------------------- how much money you have.
3 He said he would sta n d
--------- -his comments even if it ended his political career.
4 'Did she say why she was going th ere?'-'N o , she didn't g o
_____________ it.'
5 When I pointed t h is
--------------------- to Adam, he got upset.
6 Is there anything I can say to talk y o u
_____________it?
7 I should have listened
_____________________ your advice.
8 Now you're g o in g
_____________ what you told me earlier.
Exercise 2
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 I didn't want to go out after work, but my colleagues insisted in it.
2 The guide pointed up all the places of interest along the journey.
3 OK, I'll join the committee. I didn't want to, but you've managed to talk me over it!
4 She won the interviewers through with her excellent presentation.
5 Nobody agrees with the manager's decision, but he refuses to back up.
6 When it comes in to working overtime, everyone wants to make their opinions heard.
7 She had strong beliefs and always stood up her decisions.
8 I can't go back up my word.
Exercise 3
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1
agree with A
start talking about something again
2
back up B
give your attention to
3
insist on C
give evidence to prove something is true
4
go back to
D
ask for something and refuse anything else
5
listen to E
show someone where something is (or give important information)
6 point out F
approve of something
Exercise 4
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If you talk someone out of something, you persuade them not to do it. □
2 If you point something out, you persuade someone to do something. □
3 If you give in, you start talking about something. □
4 If you bring something into a discussion, you start talking about it. □
5 If you talk someone into something, you persuade them to do it. □
6 If you listen to someone, you pay attention to them. □
Exercise 5
Match sentence halves 1-8 with A -H to make complete sentences.
1
If you don't listen to all the arguments,
A
2
It's no good trying to talk me out
B
3
We haven't got time to
C
4
I'd like to just point out
D
5
1 know you want me to change my mind
E
6
1 just want to go back
F
7
A true friend would never
G
8
She said she stands by
Hto a point you made earlier.
you won't be able to make a fair judgement.
of my decision.
go into the matter more thoroughly at the moment,
that we all agreed on this two weeks ago.
but I'm not going to give in.
her earlier comments,
go back on a promise.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Discussions

c / J‘ 7iLhtBAFh x
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
talk... into ta lk... out of point out listen to go into back... up
1 The tour g u i d e____
2 D o n 't ____________
3 I really don't want to
_______ various landmarks to us.
anyone who tells you anything different.
____________ it right now.
6 I decided to apply for the job after my boss 4 Gary
5 I don't want her to go, so I'm g oin g to try tohis argumentwith various examples.
_______ h e r _________
_______m e __________
. it.
doing it.
Exercise 7
Read the d iscussion about a newspaper article. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer the questions
which follow.
: Jo sh : I agree with most of the points the author makes, but not all of them.
: Ryan: He didn't win me over with his argum ent at all. He just didn't back up any of his claims with facts or
: research.
| Jo s h : But if you listen to what he said about how technology has changed society, you have to agree with
: him.
: Ryan: No, for me it all comes down to money - that's what really matters.
1 Does Josh agree with all the points made by the author?
2 Does Ryan agree with any of the points made in the article?
3 What does Ryan think the author failed to do?
4 On what issue does Josh agree with the author?
5 What is the most important issue for Ryan?
back up bring ... into stand by gave in go into insisted on listening to
1 We finally surrendered to their demands.
2 Can you support your argum ent with any examples?
3 I'd rather not discuss this here.
4 Hannah always insisted upon only the best restaurants.Exercise 8
Make these sentences less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
Y o u r tu rn !
Read an article about a subject you find interesting
in a newspaper, jo urn al or online. Use the phrasal
verbs in this unit to talk about your opinions on
the subject. For example:5 Are you actually paving attention to me?
6 I'd like to introduce a new topic into the debate.
7 We still abide by our earlier decision to fire him.
experiences in detail. I found it interesting that the author went into herFF

TSdABh ?t jetuAu'F
come on
E You say come on to someone when you want to encourage them.
Come on, you're doing fine. Lean on me and I'll get you home.
E You say come on to som eone w hen you w ant them to com e som ew here more quickly.
Come on, Sophie, we're going to be late.
[n o t e] You can also use com e along.
give up
If you give up or give up something, you stop doing an activity that you often used to do.
Philip has given up smoking.
I used to jog but I gave it up because it was hurting my knees.
I used to smoke, but I gave up a couple o f years ago.
keep from
E keep someone from doing something, or keep something from happening means to stop them doing it
or stop something from happening.
Dad tried to keep me from going.
We tied up the bags to keep the rubbish from falling out.
E If you keep from doing something, you manage to stop yourself doing it, but it is difficult.
Did you manage to keep from telling the secret?
keep out
E To keep someone or something out means to stop them from entering a place or being there.
There is a guard dog to keep out intruders.
The net keeps mosquitoes and other insects out.
E if a sign says Keep Out, it is warning you not to go onto that piece of land.
'Private property. Keep out.'
look down
If you look down, you lower your eyes to see what is below.
He paused on the narrow ledge and looked down.
lo o ko u t
You say look out to warn someone about something that you have noticed, especially danger.
'Look out,' I said. 'There's someone coming.'
i n o t e- You can also use w atch o u t.
mess up
If you mess something up, you spoil it or do it badly.
One mistake will mess up the whole project.
You've messed the printing up - it's printed on the same side twice.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Advice or warnings

c / J‘ 2U1II ?dht
CD When a vehicle or driver pulls over, they move closer to the side of the road, and stop.
Drivers need safe places to pull over when feeling tired.
[2] If the police pull a car or driver over, they signal to the driver to drive the car to the side of the road and stop.
\Ne saw a police car pulling over a lorry.
A police car pulled them over.
run to
If you run to someone, you go to them for help, advice or protection.
We must learn to trust our own intuition and judgment, and not always run to the experts.
settle down
If people settle down or if you settle them down, they become calm or quiet.
Settle down, children. You're making too much noise.
It took the teacher several minutes to settle the class down.
I NOTE I You can also use calm dow n.
step up
If you step up som ething, you increase its speed, amount, or intensity.
You're going too slowly. Step up the pace a little.
The candidate is stepping his campaign up as the election approaches.
stick to
[H If you stick to som ething, you continue to do what you have decided or what is expected.
The diet won't work unless you stick to it.
I n o t e I You can also use keep to.
[H If you stick to som ething or someone, you stay close to them.
It's best to stick to well-lit roads.
0] If you stick to a subject, you talk only about it, and not about anything else.
Don't give your opinions, ju st stick to the facts.
I n o t e I You can also use keep to.
stick with
S] If you stick with som ething, you continue to use it or do it, rather than changing.
Should they stick with the business or try to start something else?
Hn o t e ! You can also use stick at and stick to.
[2j If you stick with someone, you stay close to them.
Stick with me and you'll be okay, don't you worry.
try for
If you try for som ething, you make an effort to get it or achieve it.
The school advised me to try for Oxford University.
turn to
If you turn to someone, you ask them for help or advice.
I have no other friend to turn to.
watch out
If you tell someone to watch out, you are warning them to be careful because som ething unpleasant
m ight happen to them.
If you don't watch out, he might cause trouble for you.
! n o t e You can also use look o u t.C-

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box.
watch stuck give pull settle messed keep come
1 __________ ___ on, Mike, you can do it!
2 Good sunglasses will help t o
_____________ the sun out of your eyes.
3 We had been driving for hours so decided t o
_____________ over and have a rest.
4 When they went walking in the mountains, t h e y
_____________ to the paths.
5 There are bears in these woods, so you'd better
_____________ out.
6 I think I m ight h a v e
_____________ up my exams.
7 Ple ase
_____________ down and be quiet!
8 His doctor advised him t o
_____________ up drinking coffee.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 We've built a wall around the vegetable garden to keep ou t/ from / down animals.
2 I know it's difficult to learn a language, but if you stick to/ u p/ with it, it'll get easier.
3 We're taking the cable car to the top of the mountain. If you're afraid of heights, don't look in / down / over\
4 He always runs in / for/ to his best friends for advice.
5 I'm sorry. I think I messed u p / o u t / a t my presentation. I showed the slides in the wrong order.
6 You're really good at athletics, you know. Why don't you try out/ on / for the team?
Exercise 3
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1 Cut down on sugar and step up your intake of fresh A
foods.
2 Watch out! There's a waterfall ahead. B
3 Their doctor said they could try for a baby. C
4 I think we should stick to the point. D
5 I know you find this difficult, but stick with it. E
6 He always runs to her whenever things go wrong. F
Exercise 4
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete sentences.
1
I was so cold I couldn't
A
he told me to look out.
2In times of difficulty you can
Bbe okay.
3As he cycled towards me
Cand don't look down!
4
I don't want to mess up
Dkeep from shivering.
5
Come on, Kara, it'll
E
always turn to your par
6
My advice is keep climbing
Fmy life again.
Exercise 5
Complete these road signs with the correct particles in the box.
OUT | OUT | OUT | OVER | OVER | TO
1 IF YOU'RE TIRED, P U L L
_____________
2 FALLING ROCKS - L O O K _____________ !
3 K E E P
_____________ -R O A D CLOSED
4 S T IC K
_____________ LOW SPEEDS FOR NEXT 20 MILES
5 P U L L
_____________ TO ALLOW AMBULANCES THROUGH
6 WATCH
__________________ : ANIMALS CROSSINGwarning to tell someone to be careful
continue to do something
talk only about something
increase the amount of something
go to someone for help or advice
make an effort to achieve somethinga 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Advice or warnings

c / J‘ 2iLhtBAFh x
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning.
watch out given up stick to mess up keep to settle ... down keep from come on
1 Come along, we don't want to be late for the film!
2 'Look out!' som ebody shouted, as the truck started to roll toward the sea.
3 Start a new exercise regime and this time stick to it.
4 I can't resist m entioning my favourite scene in the film.
5 Of course we will adhere to our policy.
6 I don't want to spoil mv chances.
7 Read vour child a story to calm her dow n.
8 Gemma has stopped taking sugar in her tea.
Exercise 7
Com plete the sentences with the correct forms of phrasal verbs from this unit.
1 I was driving too fast, and the p o lic e_____________ m e ____________ and took my details.
2 A long distance runner needs t o __________________ the speed ju st before the finishing line.
3 When I was younger, I c o u ld n 't
____ biting my nails. Luckily I've grown out of that habit now.
4 There's a huge crowd of people at the concert, so in order not to get lo s t,
_____________ me.
5
_____________ , hurry up! We're g o in g to be late!
Exercise 8
Read the question and answer from an advice website. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the
sentences that follow are true (7) or false (F).
: Dear Ali,
: My parents have always encouraged me to try for medical school, but I think I may have messed up the
: entrance exam. I ju st don't know who to turn to for help or what to do next. Can you help?
• Jack
: Dear Jack,
: Don't let one failure keep you from doing what you want to do. If going to medical school is your dream, then
: you should stick with it. Step up your efforts to make sure you get a place in another school. You can do it!
: Ali
1 Jack's parents wanted him to go to medical
school. □
2 Ja ck has passed the entrance exam. □
3 Jack doesn't know who to ask for help. □
4 Ali tells Jack not to go to medical school. □
5 Ali encourages Ja ck to follow his dreams. □
6 Ali advises Ja ck to try for other schools. □
Y o u r tu rn !
Look for a website that gives advice on a subject
that interests you. Can you find any exam ples of
the phrasal verbs in this unit?
Come on 1 you ca n t stay 'there forever.C(

‘&AuNAu' euS Nu?jAu'
bring back
If something brings back an event or memory from your past, it makes you think about it.
The death of a friend can bring back memories o f childhood loss.
These photos bring it all back.
come back
If something that you had forgotten comes back, you remember it, often quite suddenly.
I hadn't thought about it for years and then it all came back to me when I saw him in the street.
figure out
S If you figure out the solution to a problem, the answer to a question, or the reason for something, you
work it out and understand it. [INFORMAL]
I've figured out what the trouble is.
Nancy couldn't figure it out.
tH If you figure someone out, you understand why they behave in the way they do. [INFORMAL]
He won't let anyone help him. I ju st can't figure him out.
go back
m If something goes back to a particular time in the past, it has existed since that time.
These customs go back a long way.
I n o t e You can also use date back.
!U If you go back, you consider things that happened at a time in the past.
To trace its origins, we have to go back some thirty million years.
go by
If a period of time goes by, it passes.
Eight years went by.
hear about
If you hear about something or someone or hear something about them, you get news or information
about them.
They heard about a new restaurant that was opening in town.
I've heard lots o f good things about him.
hear of
GO If you hear of something, you find out something about it or find out that it exists for the first time.
How did you first hear of his work?
® If you have heard of someone or something, you are aware that they exist.
I have never heard of the writer they are talking about.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Thinking and knowing

c / J‘ 9Nu?j eE?1k
If you know about a subject, you have studied it and understand part or all of it.
You ought to ask John, he knows about photography.
lo o k b a c k
If you look back, you think about som ething that happened in the past.
The past always seems better when you look back on it.
pass on
CD If you pass som ething on, you give or tell it to someone else.
If you hear any tips, do pass them on.
I could pass on a message if you like.
If th in gs such as stories, traditions, or money are passed on, or you pass them on, they are taught or given
to someone who belongs to a younger generation.
Skills such as this should be passed on.
They pass on their traditions through storytelling.
i n o t e I You can also use h a n d dow n.
remind of
2] If you remind someone of something, you tell them about it so that they remember it.
May I remind you o f something you said earlier?
® If one person or thing reminds you of another, they make you think of the other person or thing, because
they are similar in some way.
You remind me o f my friend Baxter.
stick in
If som ething sticks in your mind or memory, you continue to remember it very clearly.
Some things stick in your memory for ever.
thin k of
CO If you can think of something or someone, you know them and can therefore suggest them to other people.
Can you think o f anyone who could help us?
[H If you think of an idea, you create it.
I began to think o f new methods.
CS If you think of doing som ething, you consider the possibility of doing it.
I'm thinking o f buying him a present.
w o rk o u t
CD If you work out the answer to a mathematical problem, you calculate it.
I've worked it out, and it's 3,171.875 tons.
The weekly rate is worked out by dividing by 52.
\L If som ething works out at a particular amount, it is found to be that amount after all the calculations have
been made.
The cost o f the fuel worked out to be higher than they had expected.
5] If you work out a solution or a plan, you think about it carefully and find a solution or decide what to do.
We should try to work out the best ways to help these young people.
I've been trying to find a solution and I think I've finally worked it out.
BE If you manage to work out something that seems strange, you think about it and manage to understand it.
I'm trying to work out what's wrong.
I'm not sure what's missing yet, but I'll work it out.
I n o t e | You can also use figure o u t.CJ

PE mlyd lmPu& Pu&
e misnW B yPbo B WP B JPPd 3 fig u re /w o rk
2 hear / remind / think 4 h e a r/kn o w
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 I used a map to figure about / out / over the best route.
2 Ellie doesn't know anything about / out / over me.
3 The girl reminded me back / in / of my own daughter.
4 Have you ever thought over / o f/ into moving abroad?
5 I always use a calculator to work it out / about / into.
6 Can you pass by / o f / on a message for me?
7 Several months went by / over / with before we saw each other again.
8 This painting dates in / back / over to the sixteenth century.
Exercise 3
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 Have you heard anything more with the bus strike next weekend?
2 It's a tradition that goes by to the 17th century.
3 I can't work at how to switch on this machine.
4 What advice will you pass back to your children one day?
5 As soon as I hear that music, memories come over to me.
6 I'll never forget it. It's something that will always stick up my mind.
7 He looks over on his school days very fondly.
8 I'm thinking on starting my own business.
Exercise 4
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A - F to make complete definitions.E x e rc is e 1
Match the verbs with the particles in the box to make phrasal verbs from this unit.a yb U0mOhCDRB MEDRBU
5 yb W mOm0E8 40mOU
) yb 80n hCDRv 0b r0DRB
f yb 80n p0Ev U0mOhCDRB
G yb 80n I00v MW4v9 80n hCDRv
t yb 80n vR0p WM0nh U0mOhCDRB9WM0nh U0mOhCDRB DR hCO YWUhd
80n CWLO UhnrDOr Dh WRr nRrOEUhWRr Dhd
MW4v W mOm0E89 Dh mWvOU 80n hCDRv WM0nh Dhd
0nh9 80n mWRWBO h0 nRrOEUhWRr Dhd
U0mOhCDRB9 80n 40RUDrOE hCO Y0UUDMDIDh8 0b r0DRB Dhd
MW4v9 80n EOmOmMOE Dh UnrrORI8d
Exercise 5
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 Date back means the same as go back. □
2 Hear about means the same as remind of. □
3 Work out means the same as figure out. □
4 Pass on means the same as hand down. □
5 Look back means the same as come back. □
6 Stick in means the same as hear of. □
7 Bring back means the same as date back. □
8 Think of means the same as go by. □a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Thinking and knowing

c / J‘ 9iLhtBAFh x
Replace the underlined words and phrases with the phrasal verbs in the box.
figure out know much about go back brings back memories of g o b y think of
1 The smell of suntan oil always makes me remember summer holidays.
2 I can't find the solution to this problem.
3 We can never return to the past.
4 Can you su gge st a capital city that begins with D?
5 Do you have any information about Antarctica?
6 I see my friends from school less and less often, as the years pass by.
Exercise 7
Com plete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
brought back goes by heard of handed down passed on stuck in come back dates back
1 As t im e _____________________, I feel less angry about it.
2 His unusual bright yellow coat h a d _____________________her mind.
3 Leon's father h a d _____________________the stories to him.
4 I have n e v e r____________________ this singer.
5 I can't remember her name, but I'm sure it 'l l----------------------------------to me.
6 Talking about h o m e
___________________________ sad memories for Carla.
7 The first scientific s t u d y _____________________to the early 1960s.
8 The story had b e e n
__________ from generation to generation in his family.
Exercise 8
Read the extract from Kimberly's cookery blog. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then match them with the
correct defin itio ns 1-6.
I love the smell of spicy chicken cooking because it reminds me of Jamaica. I live in the UK now, but my love
of Jamaican food goes back to my childhood in Jamaica. The thing that sticks in my memory is my mother
cooking this for the whole family every weekend. Several years have gone by since I moved to the UK, so I
want to pass on my cooking skills to my children. I want them to know more about Jamaican culture.
1 has existed since
2 makes me think about
3 give or teach
4 understand more regarding
5 continues clearly in
6 passed
Y o u r tu rn !
What memories do you have of your childhood?
Use the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about
what you remember. For example:
I look back on it as a wonderful time.}e

.hhIAu'F
calm down
E If you calm down or if someone or something calms you down, you become less upset, excited, or angry.
'Please, Mrs Green,' said Brandon. 'Calm down. Let me explain'.
One o f the speakers tried to calm the crowd down.
7 wouldn't like to see you really lose your temper/ he remarked, trying to calm down the man.
M If a situation calms down or if you calm it down, the people involved in it become less upset, excited or
angry.
He told me that things appeared to be calming down a bit.
Dad managed to calm things down.
I NOTE I You can also use settle dow n.
care for
CE If you care for someone or something, you look after them and keep them in a good state or condition.
She has to care for her elderly parents.
S If you care for someone, you love them.
At last she had found a man that she cared for and who cared for her.
cheer up
When you cheer up or when someone or something cheers you up, you stop feeling sad and become
happier.
He cheered up a little at the prospect o f dinner.
I took some cake into work to try to cheer up my colleagues.
She bought strawberries to cheer herself up.
deal with
If you deal with a negative emotion or a situation that causes negative emotions, you manage to control
your feelings and continue your normal life.
She saw a psychiatrist who used hypnotism to help her deal with her fear.
n o t e You can also use cope w ith .
face up to
If you face up to a difficult situation, you accept it and deal with it.
We have to face up to the fact that this relationship isn't going to work.
get over
QD If you get over an illness or another unpleasant experience, you recover from it.
He's had a shock but he's getting over it.
\2\ If you get over a problem or difficulty, you find a way of dealing with it.
We could get over the problem by hiring more staff.}L W ork on y o u r Phrasal V erbs Feelings

c / J‘ gP'hk k?
If an experience gets to you, it upsets or annoys you. [INFORMAL]
She can be quite rude sometimes but don't let it get to you.
go through
If you go through an event or period of time, especially an unpleasant one, you experience it.
She's going through a busy period in her life.
hope for
If you hope for som ething, you want it and expect to have it.
The team is hoping for a big win today.
let down
If someone or something lets you down, they fail to do something that you expected or wanted them to do.
He would never let a friend down.
I feel guilty about letting down my parents.
look forward to
If you look forward to som ething, you are happy it is g oin g to happen because you expect to enjoy it.
I was not looking forward to my meeting with the manager.
We are really looking forward to our skiing holiday.
open up
If someone opens up, they start to relax and talk about personal things.
It can be hard to get teenagers to open up and talk to their parents.
play on
If you play on people's feelings, attitudes, or weaknesses, you deliberately use them in order to achieve
what you want.
He played on their prejudices and their fears.
Try to find your opponent's weaknesses and play on them relentlessly.
I n o t e j You can also use play u p o n .
relate to
E If you can relate to other people, you can understand how they feel and communicate with them easily.
Children need to learn to relate to other children.
\S\ If you relate to som ething, you understand it because you have had a similar experience or emotion or
have a similar opinion.
These people have a way o f looking at the world that most o f us find hard to relate to.}F

i L h tB AF h g
Match verbs 1 -4 with particles A -D to make phrasal verbs from this unit.1ch e e r/ openAfor
2calm / letB
up
3care / hopeCto
4relate / getD
down
Exercise 2
Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
1 It took her a long time to go through I get over I care for the loss of her pet cat.
2 We're all hoping for / relating to /opening up to a solution to the problem.
3 I don't understand it. It's something I just can't get to /play on / relate to.
4 Are you cheering up/calm in g down /looking forward to your trip?
5 A good teacher is able to let down /calm down /go through a class of noisy, excitable children.
6 I know it's annoying, but try not to let it cheer you up / open you up / get to you.
7 You should open up / calm down / look forward to her and talk about how you feel.
8 She did not want to calm down / cheer up / let down her boss, so she agreed to work more overtime.
Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with the particles in the box.
up to to for over up with on down
1 Without him I could not possibly have fa c e d______________ all my fears and difficulties.
2 Cerys always does a good job. She never lets m e _____________
3 The family are d e a lin g
_____________ their loss and ask that their privacy is respected.
4 Chad booked a holiday to cheer h im se lf_____________
5 She always likes to have something to look fo rw ard
_____________
6 It took a long time for her parents to g e t ____________ the shock.
7 He p la y e d
____________ the fact that people felt sorry for him.
8 She really ca re d
_____________ him.
Exercise 4
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete sentences.
1
A police officer tried toA
permanent relationship with John.
2
She lives with a nurseB
what she said about music.
3
His rude behaviour was really starting
Cto get to me.
4
James played
Don Daphne's guilt.
5
1 could relate toE
calm her down.
6
Anya was hoping for a moreF
who cares for her.
Exercise 5
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1
Please just calm down!
A
upset or annoy
2
The company really let us down, so 1 won't use themB
stop (him) feeling sad and make (him) become happier
again.
Chappy (something) is going to happen because we
3He could easily relate to her situation.
expect to enjoy it
4
We're really looking forward to the weekend.
D
failed to do something (1) expected
5 1 don't know what 1 can do to cheer him up.
E
become less upset, excited, or angry
6
Don't let these silly remarks get to you.
F
understand (something) because he has had a
similar experiencea 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Feelings

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2 Mohammed now finds it easier to cope with his workload.
3 She still hasn't recovered from the shock.
4 The news story sim ply plavs upon existing fears.
5 The family have undergone a terrible trauma.
Ex e rcise 7
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
care for face up to get over go through hope for open up
1 After a few hours he began t o_____________ about his problems.
2 He used t o
_____________ the children while she was away.
3 The best we c a n
_____________ is to get at least some of our money back.
4 They h a v e
_____________ such a hard time lately.
5 Sooner or later you have t o
_____________ the truth.
6 He n e v e r
_____________ the death of his wife.
Exercise 8
Read the email. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then in your own words, explain what each one means.
: Hi Liam
: How are you? I'm okay. I had a car accident last weekend. I was really shocked when it happened but I've
: calmed down now and am getting over it. However, I may have to face up to the fact that the accident was my
: fault. I'm sure you can relate to ail this after your car accident last year. Anyway, I'm really looking forward to
: seeing you next weekend as I need som ething to cheer me up!
: See you soon,
: Emily
1
____________________________ 4 ____________________________
2 ____________________________ 5 ____________________________
3 ____________________________ 6 ____________________________E x e r c is e 6
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning.Y o u r tu r n !
Have you ever been in a difficult situation? Use
the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about how it
made you feel. For example:
I felt so bad about letting down my friends.
H- helps him deal vaitK ihe stress.W*

TkkAk1ShF
believe in
E If you believe in things such as fairies or miracles, you are sure that they really exist or happen.
Do you believe in ghosts?
E If you believe in an idea or policy, you support it because you think it is right.
He's very conservative and believes in personal responsibility.
CS If you believe in someone, you have confidence in them and think that they will be successful.
I won't give up on you, because I believe in you.
'' n o t e j You can also use have co nfid ence in.
go for
E If you go for a particular thing, you choose it or try to achieve it.
They urged the Chancellor to go for the first option.
E If you go for someone or something, you like them very much.
I don't really go for that kind of food.
live up to
If someone or something lives up to what is expected, they are as good as they were expected to be.
The film didn't live up to my expectations.
[n o t e ! You can also use m atch up to.
look at
If you look at a situation in a particular way, you ju d g e it or consider it in that way.
I tend to look at things in a very different way from my parents.
look up to
If you look up to someone, you respect and admire them.
She looks up to her father.
object to
If you object to something, you do not like it or approve of it.
Local residents have objected to the plan.
oppose to
If you are opposed to something, you disagree with it or disapprove of it.
We are opposed to plans to build more houses here.r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Yqipb Attitudes

c / J‘ ggUABN ?u
If you pick on someone, you treat them badly or in an unfair way, often repeatedly.
Maria had complained that the teacher was picking on her.
n o t e You can also use get at.
put down
If you put som eone down, you criticize them and make them feel stupid.
Another thing that upsets me is the way Alex tries to put me down in public.
I hate the way she puts down people in meetings.
put off
To put someone off som ething or someone means to make them not want to do som ething or not like
som ething or someone.
The country's high prices have put off many tourists.
The disgusting smell put me off my breakfast.
put up with
If you put up with som ething or someone, you accept them, even though you do not like them.
Don't put up with H o w ard's bad behaviour.
see as
If you see someone or som ething as a particular thing, you believe that they are that thing or have that
quality.
He saw her as the perfect woman.
settle for
If you settle for som ething, you choose or accept it even though it is not what you really want.
Don't settle for second best.
show off
If you show off, you try to impress people by show ing them what you can do or telling them what you
have done, usually in a way that is annoying.
He's always showing off about how important his jo b is.
stand for
The th in gs that someone stands for are the ideas or values that they support or represent.
Our organization has always stood for individual liberty.
w a lk o u t
If you walk out, you leave a place or a performance as a way of showing that you are angry or that you do
not like som ething.
Many o f the audience walked out through boredom.rk

i L h tB AF h g
Match verbs 1 - 4 with particles A -D to make phrasal verbs from this unit.a I0 0 v ( IDL O
k 0bb
5 Y n h( UC 0 p
j nY h0
) 0M,O4h ( 0YY0UO c b0E
f U h W R r ( B 0
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Exercise 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A -F.
1 put up with
A be as good as expected
2 go for
B respect and admire someone
3 oppose to
C accept something, even though you do not like it
4 live up to
D leave a place to show you are angry or do not like something
5 w alk o u t
E disagree with or disapprove of something
6 look up to
F choose or try to achieve something
Exercise 3
Answer the questions.
1 Would a person be pleased or upset if you picked on him/her?
2 Is it usually considered positive or negative to show off?
3 If you put up with someone, do you accept that person or not?
4 If you settle for something, is it usually exactly what you want, or not quite what you want?
5 If you stand for an idea, do you support that idea or not?
6 If you put someone down, are you praising or criticising that person?
Exercise 4
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 She was always putting him down / with / at.
2 Don't be put in / off/ at by the high prices.
3 He's a religious man; he believes on I at I in God.
4 Veronica strongly objected to / out/ up his remarks.
5 Why should you settle for/ to / under anything less?
6 He hoped he could live on to / in to / up to their expectations.
7 He wasn't brave enough to stand on to / up to / in to her.
8 She didn't really go up / to / for adventure holidays - she preferred to relax.
Exercise 5
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
match up to walked out showing off picked on look at sees... as settle for objected to
1 Did we succeed? It all depends how y o u_____________ it.
2 S h e
--------------------- him reading her text messages.
3 The other g ir ls
_____________ her at school.
4 The president was furious a n d
_____________ of the conference.
5 If there's no apple juice I'll
_____________ orange juice.
6 The boys w e re
_____________ with their skateboards.
7 S h e
_____________ saving m o n e y______________a good thing.
8 The new car didn't rea lly
_____________ his expectations.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Attitudes

c / J‘ ggiLhtBAFh x
Make these sentences less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
believe in put up with g o in g for stands for seen ... as looks at
1 Helena wasn't sure she could endure much more of this.
2 She had always considered him as a good friend.
3 Kim views life as an adventure.
4 He does not support cruelty of any kind.
5 This goes against everything our brand represents.
6 I always end up choosing the chocolate milkshake.
Exercise 7
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 Jane did not agree with what the com pany stood off.
2 We see business on being closely linked to education.
3 I'm not opposed in the idea of nuclear power.
4 It isn't always easy to live down to such high standards.
5 We ju st ignore Kevin when he shows on.
6 I usually go on the cheapest option.
7 Jay was always getting out his little brother.
8 He walked at after a furious argument.
Ex e rcise 8
Read Viktor's com m ent about his teacher. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer the questions.
: I look up to my science teacher. He never picks on anyone or puts people down, even though he often
: has to put up with some badly behaved students. We have our first science exam next month. I'm not
: trying to show off, but he tells me I am a strong student and that he believes in me.
1 Does Viktor admire his science teacher?
2 Does Viktor's teacher treat some o f the students badly?
3 Do all the students behave well?
4 What will happen next month?
5 What is Viktor trying not to do?
6 Does Viktor's teacher have confidence in him?
Y o u r tu rn !
Th in k o f som eone or som ething you approve or
disapprove of. Use the phrasal verbs in this unit to
talk about your views on them. For exam ple:
I believe in the importance o f free education.I strongly object to testing on animals.
theieams expfccta-Hcws.WJ

nhIekA?uF&AUF
breakdow n
When an arrangement, relationship or discussion breaks down, it fails because of a problem or
disagreement.
It is always very sad when a marriage breaks down.
depend on
X If you depend on someone or something, you need them in order to be able to survive physically,
financially, or emotionally.
I feel that he depends on me too much for a social life.
1 n o t e I You can also use d e p en d u p o n a n d rely on.
® If you can depend on someone or something, you know that you can trust them to do something.
I knew I could depend on you.
: NOTE You can also use d e p e n d u p o n a n d rely on.
do with
[U If someone has something to do with something else, they are involved in doing it or making it happen.
I suspect she had something to do with Tom's disappearance.
If something is nothing to do with or has nothing to do with someone, that person has no reason to know
about it or become involved with it.
What I do in my free time is nothing to do with him.
Just forget about it. It has nothing to do with you.
S I If one thing is to do with or has to do with something else, the two things are related in some way.
So what was the discussion about? Was it to do with the new project?
I don't know what he does exactly but it has to do with computers.
fall apart
If an organization, activity, system or relationship falls apart, it fails or ends.
Their marriage began to fall apart.
fall for
If you fall for someone or something, you start to love them or like them very much.
He fell for her the moment he first saw her.
fall out
If people fall out, they have an argument and are no longer friendly.
I've fallen out with certain members o f the band.Tbr vij v m X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb Relationships

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CD If you finish with someone or som ething, or are finished with them, you stop dealing with them or end
your involvem ent with them.
I haven't finished with you yet.
He decided he was finished with marriage.
\H If you finish with someone, you end your romantic relationship with them. [BRITISH]
We were together for three months but it was not a good relationship and I finished with him.
get on
If two people get on, they have a friendly relationship, [mainly BRITISH]
Mark and Jason don't get on.
I n o t e I You can also use get along.
get together
If two people get together, they start a romantic relationship. [INFORMAL]
Lara and Pete got together after meeting at Ann's party.
go out
If two people go out, they have a romantic relationship with each other.
My parents wouldn't let me go out with boys.
make up
If two people make up, they become friends again after they have had an argument.
The two actors have now made up after a very public disagreement.
make up for
If you make up for something, you do something to show that you are sorry or to make someone less unhappy.
She tried to make up for her rudeness earlier by being extra nice to me.
rely on
E To rely on som ething or someone means to need them in order to survive or be successful.
She is forced to rely on her mother's money.
! NOTE I You can also use rely u p o n and d e p e n d o n .
H] If you can rely on someone or som ething to work or behave in a particular way, you trust them to do this.
You can always rely on him to be polite and do the right thing.
NOTE! You can also use rely u p o n .
I n o t e I You can also use c o u n t o n . This is more informal.
settle down
If som eone settles down, they start living in one place, often with a partner, and intend to stay there for a
long time.
Your parents want you to get a jo b and settle down.
w a lk o u t
If you walk out, you leave the person or people you live with and do not come back.
His father walked out when he was a baby.Te

iLhtBAFh g
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1 I can depend on Terry to get the job done quickly.
2 We had our differences but we've made up now.
3 Kate and Brandon got together last summer.
4 She finished with him last week.
5 When we were younger, we used to fall out all the time.
6 Their relationship began to fall apart after a few years.
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 Talks between the two countries broke o u t/ down / for last year.
2 She's so pretty - I fell out / for / off her straight away.
3 The couple started going o u t / f o r / on together six months ago.
4 It has nothing to do out / with / on her age.
5 Sorry I'm so late! Let me buy you dinner to make in fo r/ up fo r/ o n for it.
6 After five years of difficulties, Keren decided to walk out / for / up.
Exercise 3
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A - F to make complete sentences.A become friends again after an argument
B end a romantic relationship with someone
C have an argument or stop being friendly with someone
D know you can trust someone
E something fails or ends
F start a romantic relationship with someone
1 We didn't use like each other at all, but nowAbefore she gets married and settles down.
2 I'm sorry you had an argument with Peter. I hopeBfall for the wrong type of man.
3 She wants to travel around the worldCthey are so different.
4
I can't believe they're going out -Dwe get on really well.
5 It was nice seeing you again;Ewe must get together more often.
6 Laura always seems toFyou two make up again.
Exercise 4
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
depends on do withfa llo u t get on goin g out settling down
1 The printer is broken. Did you have anything t o ______________________ it?
2 We're thinking a b o u t
_____________________ and starting a family.
3 S h e
_____________________ her mother and father too much.
4 Hardeep and Sunita are a great couple, they re a lly
________________ ______ well.
5 When did you two sta r t
_____________________ together?
6 I don't want us t o
_____________________ over something so stupid.
Exercise 5
Match comments 1 -8 with the correct replies A -H .
1 Their friendship broke down because of aAYes, he's a really friendly guy.
misunderstanding.BThat was really nice of him!
2 Jane is always falling for the wrong type of guy.CWell, 1 think she should definitely end it with him.
3We got together a few weeks ago. D1 know. Apparently they haven't spoken to each
4 You seem to be getting on well with Charlie.other for two years.
5 After days of arguing, they've finally made up.EYou're right about her. She really needs to find
61 hope she finds someone nice to settle down with.someone decent.
7Dean sent her some flowers to make up for missing FMe too. She's been single for a long time.
the party.G1 see. So you haven't been together long then.
8She isn't sure whether to finish with him or not. HI'm glad. It was silly of them to quarrel over nothing.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Relationships

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Ex e rcise 7
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 Sandra is a person you can always depend about to get things done in time.
2 He left the com pany after he fell down with his manager about salary.
3 You don't have to tell anyone what happened. It has nothing to do for them.
4 I'm sorry. I really want to make down with you.
5 He's very good looking. She fell about him as soon as she met him.
6 Don't walk away in the middle of an argument! I haven't finished off you yet.
Ex e rcise 8
Read the m agazin e interview. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the sentences that follow are
true (T) or false (F).
: Andrew and I first got together six years ago when we met on holiday. The fact that he's rich has nothing
; to do with why I fell for him. We just got along so well together, even though he's a lot older than me.
I What I love about Andrew is that I can rely on him to take care of me. But I don't depend on his money. I
I have always had plenty of my own!r z U d C •0 U E
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same m eaning.a lWEW WRr kRrEOp UhWEhOr hCODE EOIWhD0RUCDY b0nE 8OWEU WB0d _
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t lWEW ROOrU kRrEOp"U m0RO8d _
Y o u r tu r n !
Th in k about the relationships you have in your life.
Use the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about them.
For example:
I get on well with my friend, Angelo.
When they -first wet th&y
didn't g e t on at all../v//53

v?BAeIA4Au' euS IhAF1th kAbh
call for
If you call for someone or something, you go to the building where they are, to collect them.
I'll call for you about eight.
call on
If you call on someone, you visit them for a short time.
Shall we call on Charlotte since we're so near?
catch up
If you catch up, you talk to a friend, finding out what has happened in his or her life since you last met.
It would be really nice to catch up over a cup o f coffee sometime.
come along
If someone comes along, they go somewhere with you or go to the same place as you.
We're going out for dinner. Why don't you come along with us?
come out
If someone comes out, they go somewhere with someone socially.
Would you like to come out with us to the cinema?
come over
□D When someone comes over, they move across a room or other place towards you.
The waiter came over and put her drink down in front o f her.
\H When someone comes over, they visit your house to see you for a short time.
Come over and have lunch with us tomorrow.
1 n o t e You can also use com e aro u n d .
drop in
To drop in means to visit someone informally, usually without having arranged the visit.
I thought I'd ju st drop in and see how you were.

i
n o t e You can also use d ro p by and d ro p ro u n d .
I n o t e | You can also use p o p in. This is a more informal British form.
eat out
When you eat out, you have a meal at a restaurant instead of at home.
Do you eat out a lot in London?
[n o t e The opposite o f eat o u t is eat in.
get in
E When a person or a vehicle gets in, they arrive at a place where people are expecting them to be.
I'll tell him you called when he gets in.
HI If you get in, you succeed in entering a building.
We went to a museum and it cost ten euros to get in.T} W ork o n y o u r Phrasal V erbs Socializing and leisure time

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When people get together, or when someone gets people together, two or more people meet in order to
discuss som ething or to spend time with each other.
We should all get together and go out for a drink.
He got a bunch o f people together who wanted to help out.
go out
When you go out, you leave your house and go somewhere else.
I thought we could go out somewhere for a picnic.
1 NOTE The opposite o f go o u t is stay in.
go over
If you go over, you go to someone's house and visit them for a short time.
There was a phone message from Jeremy, asking me to go over the next evening.
Can we go over to Ella's today?
1 n o t e 1 You can also use go ro u n d .
hang out
If you hang out somewhere or hang out, you spend a lot of time in a place, often not doing very much.
[INFORMAL]
I don't hang out at the park any more.
Shall we go to town and ju st hang out?
put off
E If you put off som ething, you delay it or arrange to do it at a later time than planned.
She used tiredness as an excuse to put off things she didn't want to do.
I know I've got to call him but I keep putting it off.
5] If you put a person off, you delay seeing them or doing what they want you to do.
She'll be here soon, unless I can put her off somehow.
show up
If you show up, you arrive at a place where people are expecting you.
I waited for h a lf an hour, but she didn't show up.
i n o t e ! You can also use tu r n up.
stay in
If you stay in, you remain at home rather than g o in g out.
We stayed in the whole evening.
I n o t e I You can also use stop in.
I n o t e I The opposite o f stay in is go o u t.
take up
If you take up an activity or job, you start doing it.
I thought I'd take up fishing.
You're good at art. You should take it up professionally.TT

i L h tB AF h g
Match verbs 1 -4 with particles A -D to make phrasal verbs from this unit.1take / show / catchAin
2eat / go / hangBout
3stay / drop / getCover
4come / goDup
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
drop in hang outshowed up come along got together call on
1Wp rouldyour sister if we have time.
2You couldto the cinema with us tonight, if you like.
3Guang derided toon his friend on the way to the park.
4Theylast week for lunch.
5Lucas andTalia usuallya t t h e s h o p p i n g m a ll.
6We waited for over an hour before Adam finally
Exercise 3
Decide if the follo w in g sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 When you eat out, you have a meal at a restaurant. □
2 The opposite of eat out is eat in. □
3 If you go out, you stay in your house. □
4 The opposite of go out is stay in. □
5 If you show up, you leave a place. □
6 If you hang out somewhere, you spend a lot of time there. □
7 If you take up an activity, you start doing it. □
8 If you call on someone, you move across a room. □
Exercise 4
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same m eaning,
taken up stay in shows up go over went over dropped in drop in come over
1 We were tired and decided ju st to stop in that night.
2 Why don't you come round about eight o'clock?
3 I popped in to see her on my way home.
4 W hat will we do if no one turns u p ?
5 I m ight go round to Mike's place later on.
6 Je n has started d o in g karate now.
7 After the game I went round to a friend's house.
8 If I have time I'll drop by and see her this afternoon.
Exercise 5
Match q uestio ns 1 -6 with the correct replies A -F.
1 Why don't we call on Harry while we're in town? A
2 What time should we call for you tomorrow? B
3 We must catch up over dinner some time. C
4 What time did you get in last night? D
5 Can we meet with your parents this week? E
6 I don't have any plans this evening. FOh, it was quite late ... about midnight.
How about this weekend? I know a great Italian
restaurant.
No, I think we should put off seeing them until next
week.
Good idea. Let's take him a present.
Then why don't you come out to the party with me?
Seven o'clock would be good.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Socializing and leisure time

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4 I asked Brigitte t o
____________________ with us to the show.
5 It was a good chance t o
____________________ with some old friends.
6 When we lived in Los Angeles, we a lw a y s
____________________ at the same restaurants.
Exercise 7
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 It was nice seeing you again. We must get up more often.
2 We're g o in g to the cinema this evening. Would you like to come on with us?
3 What time shall I come off to your place tonight?
4 What time did you get over last night? Was it very late?
5 I don't feel like eating up tonight. I'll stay at home and cook som ething for dinner instead.
6 I've decided to take off yoga - they say it's a good form of exercise.
Exercise 8
Read the conversation. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then match them with the correct defin itio ns 1 -6 .
: Emma: Hi Dylan. We're going to a concert tonight. Do you fancy com ing along?
: D ylan: Sure! What time should we get together?
: Emma: Well, I was thinking we could go out around six thirty.
: D ylan: Okay, then I'll come over to your place at six.
: Emma: Great. Oh, I think we're g o in g to eat out before the concert. And I'm taking my car. So how about we
: call for you at six instead?
: D ylan: Okay. See you then!
1 make a short visit
2 g o in g with us to the same place
3 collect
4 leave the house
5 have a meal at a restaurant
6 meetr z U d C •0 U E
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.Y o u r tu r n !
What do you enjoy d o ing in your leisure time? Use
the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about it. For
example:
I like to get together with friends for dinner.Tv

vU?tk euS 8AkuhFF
catch up
If you catch up or catch someone up, you reach someone who is in front of you by walking faster.
Simon tried to catch up with the others.
cut down
If you cut something down or cut down, you reduce the amount of something you use or eat, or do
something less often.
We need to cut down the amount o f fat in our diets.
You can cut the calories down a bit by adding less sugar.
fall behind
If you fall behind or fall behind someone when moving with a group of people, you move more slowly
than them, so they get ahead of you.
Schumacher was strong throughout the race, but fell behind ten laps from the end.
I n o t e I You can also use lag b e h in d .
get into
CD If you get into a particular habit or way of behaving, you start to have that habit or behave in that way.
I really need to get into a fitness routine.
E If you get into a subject, you start being interested in it. [INFORMAL]
She got into healthy eating and doing exercise.
go through
E If someone goes through a series of actions or movements, they perform it.
The music started and we went through a series o f warm-up exercises.
E In sport, if a person or team goes through, they win one stage of a competition and go on to the next stage.
Serbia beat Russia 3 - 7 and look set to go through to round two.
go up
E When someone or something goes up or goes up something, they move from a lower position to a higher
one.
We saw a party o f mountaineers going up the mountain.
I n o t e! The opposite o f go up is go dow n.
E If a cheer, shout, or other noise goes up, a lot of people cheer, shout, or make that sound at the same
time.
A huge cheer went up as the players walked out onto the court.
join in
If you join in or join in an activity, you start to do something with other people who are already doing it.
We joined in with the celebrations.TPr vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Sport and fitness

c / J‘ gyNhhU 1U
E If you keep up an activity, you continue to do it and do not let it stop or end.
I can run fast over a short distance but I can't keep it up.
CD If you keep up, you move at the same speed as someone else.
Howard had to hurry to keep up with us.
slow down
X |f som ething or someone slows down, or if som ething or someone slows them down, they start to move
or happen more slowly.
The driver slowed down and then stopped.
I NOTE I The opposite o f slow d o w n is speed up.
[2j |f someone slows down, or if som ething slows them down, they become less active or energetic.
You're working too hard. You need to slow down.
He had an injured leg, which was slowing him down a little.
speed up
If som ething speeds up or if you speed it up, it moves or travels faster.
The driver sped up as he approached the lights.
wake up
When you wake up, or when someone or som ething wakes you up, you become conscious again after
being asleep.
In the morning I wake up and feel refreshed.
wear out
If som ething wears you out, it makes you become so tired that you cannot continue what you were doing.
There is no point in wearing yourself out.
work on
If you work on som ething, you spend time and effort trying to improve it.
He has been working on his game all season.
I n o t e I You can also use w o rk at.
work out
If you work out, you do physical exercises in order to make your body healthy and strong.
She worked out in a gym class three hours a week.
work up
E If someone works up a feeling, the energy to do something, or an appetite, they gradually develop it and
increase it until they have what they need.
She went for a run to work up an appetite.
[H When you are doing som ething regularly, if you work up to a particular amount or level, you gradually
increase or improve what you are doing until you reach that amount or level.
Repeat movements 1,2 and 3 four times at first and gradually work up to about six repetitions.
I n o t e I You can also use b u ild up.-J

sn Pu& tPUn ur
e yl&yf B door B WP B croot B Uldo B UPid B musJt GGGGGGGGGGGG
3 y u & B W P B c JP U GGGGGGGGGGGG
C U P id BU o l i GGGGGGGGGGGG
8 @Psn GGGGGGGGGGGGi L h tB AF h g
Match the verbs with the particles to make phrasal verbs from this unit.Exercise 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -8 with the definitions A -H .
1Tony's doctor told him to cut down his salt intake.A
start being interested in something
2A long walk can help to work up a healthy appetite.
Bdo physical exercises
3Cameroon and Egypt kick off the tournament this
Cspend time and effort trying to improve something
Saturday.
4He fell so far behind that it was impossible to win
Dreduce something
the race.
5The horse was tired and started to slow down.
Emove more slowly so that other people get ahead of
you
6He works out at the gym three times a week.
Fstart something
71 got into yoga a few years ago.
Ggradually develop something
8Boxing has taught me that if you want somethingHstart to move more slowly
you've got to work hard at it.
Exercise 3
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 I'm putting on weight. I need to cut up / down / out on sugar and fats.
2 Our team has done really well - we've gone up / in / through to the finals.
3 I tried to get into I up I on yoga, but I found it boring.
4 If you aren't fit enough, you won't be able to keep out I up I through with the rest of the team.
5 He was coming last in the race, but he suddenly caught down I out I up and won!
6 My running shoes have worn up / in / out completely. I need some new ones.
Exercise 4
Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
keep behind went up into go
1 The Spanish team now look certain t o
____ _______ through to the finals.
2 Your breathing will sp e e d ________________after these exercises.
3 She'll need to run faster t o
_____________ up with the other girls.
4 He was usually a fast runner, but he was starting to l a g
____________
5 H e --------------------down the slope too quickly and fell over.
6 I g o t ------------------the habit of drinking green tea every morning.
Exercise 5
Complete the newspaper headlines with the particles in the box.
DOWN | BEHIND | OFF IN | THROUGH | UP
1 CROATIA G O E S
____________ TO THE FINALS!
2 FUEL PRICES G O
____________ TO A RECORD HIGH THIS MONTH
3 HEALTH EXPERTS URGE PUBLIC TO CUT
____________ THE AMOUNT OF SALT IN THEIR DIET
4 RECESSION CAUSES MORE AND MORE HOME OWNERS TO F A L L
____________ WITH MORTGAGE REPAYMENTS
5 MORE WORLD LEADERS J O IN
____________ DEBATE ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE
6 QUEEN'S BIRTHDAY CELEBRATIONS TO K IC K
____________ WITH GLOBAL POP CONCERTa 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Sport and fitness

c / J‘ gyiLhtBAFh x
Make these sentences sound less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
jo in in g in sped up slowed down cut down keep up wear him out
1 Daniel is trying to reduce his calorie intake.
2 The motorcycle accelerated shortly before it skidded off the track.
3 Running five times a week was starting to exhaust him .
4 I started cheering and soon everyone was participatin g.
5 It's im portant to maintain a balanced diet.
6 The car decelerated before com ing to a stop.
Exercise 7
Read the extract from Bernard's fitness blog. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then in your own words, explain
what each one means.
I started getting into athletics when I was at school. As a professional athlete, my fitness level is
something I have to work on all the time. In a typical training session I'll work up gradually so I don't wear
myself out too quickly. When I wake up in the morning I like to do some yoga. Then I might work out at
the gym for a couple of hours.
Exercise 8
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 It seemed im possible for him to catch in with the rest of the team.
2 Clark is confident the team can go off to the first division this year.
3 Michael scored ju st four minutes after they had kicked up.
4 She held the lead early in the race but now she's falling on.
5 You need to work over keeping fit.
6 Start slowly and build down to longer training sessions.
7 Unfortunately the team went over four goals to one.
8 Start getting onto the habit of w alking to work.
Y o u r tu rn !
Look for a w ebsite relating to a sport or fitness
activity that interests you. Can you find any
exam ples of the phrasal verbs in this unit?taR
He liked iakmq his dogt*for a
Walk every day, out dicWt like +o
weair himself oujt.

‘tedhI euS k?1tAFb
check in
E When you check in or when someone checks you in at a hotel, you arrive at the hotel, collect the key to
your room, and fill in any forms which are necessary.
I checked in at the Grand Hotel.
[2j When you check in at an airport or when someone checks you in, you show your ticket before getting on
the plane.
He checked in without baggage for a flight to Rome.
The remaining passengers were still being checked in.
ch e cko u t
When you check out, you pay the bill at a hotel where you have been staying and leave.
She checked out o f the hotel and took the train to Paris.
come across
If you come across someone or something, you find or meet them by chance.
As they walked round the lake they came across a bridge.
come from
If you come from a particular place, you were born there or grew up there.
Nuria comes from Madrid.
drop off
When you are driving, if you drop off a person or thing, you take them somewhere and leave them there,
usually on your way to somewhere else.
I can drop her off on my way home.
I need to drop off some books at the office.
get away
CD If you get away, you succeed in leaving a place or person.
If I'm lucky I might get away by midnight,
m If you get away, you go somewhere to have a holiday.
Is there any chance o f you getting away this summer?
get back
If you get back, you return somewhere after being in another place.
We didn't get back till midnight last night.
get in
H If you get in or get in a place such as a car, house, or room, you go inside it.
She got in and started the car.
I got in a taxi and went to the airport.
1 n o t e The opposite o f get in is get o u t.
Hj When a person or a vehicle gets in, they arrive at a place where people are expecting them to be.
Her train should get in at 6:30 p.m.'Lr vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb Travel and tourism

c / J‘ g3'hk Auk?
IX If you get into a place such as a car, house, or room, you enter it.
They got into the back o f a taxi.
3] If a person or vehicle gets into a place, they reach it.
We got into London at one o'clock.
get off
lS If you get off or get off a bus, train, or plane, you leave a bus, train, or plane.
I slipped as I was getting off the train.
1 n o t e | You can also use get o u t.
! n o t e T he opposite o f get o ff is get o n .
2 When you get off, you leave somewhere, often to start a journey.
I plan to get off before the traffic gets bad.
n o t e] You can also use get away.
go around
m If you go around or go around a group of people or places, you visit or go to see people or places, one
after the other.
I want to go around the art galleries while I'm in London.
n o t e You can also use go ro u n d . This is m ainly British.
[2] If you go around or go around a country or other place, you travel in a country or other place and visit a
lot of different things.
I'd like to go around Africa myself.
! n o t e You can also use go ro u n d . This is m ainly British.
go away
CS If you go away, you leave somewhere.
She went away to think about it.
[H If you go away, you leave your home and spend time somewhere else, especially as a holiday.
What did you do over the summer? Did you go away?
head for
If you head for a place, you start m oving towards it.
We had decided to head for Miami.
n o t e ! You can also use m ake for.
move on
If someone moves on, they continue a journey after stopping for a short time.
After three weeks in Hong Kong, we moved on to Japan.
[n o t e You can also use c a rry o n .
set off
When you set off, you start a journey.
What time do we need to set off tomorrow?
I n o t e You can also use set o u t.ut

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 We checked a t / t o / in early for our flight.
2 We came across / b ack/ away a beautiful castle in the mountains.
3 Our plane got on / away / into Beijing two hours late.
4 Yuriko and Daisuke are goin g r o u n d / o u t / u p Europe next year.
5 They set at / over /off at six o'clock this morning.
6 We all got into / over /away the car and drove to the beach.
7 The ship set a t/ out /on for Australia via Africa.
8 We stay in Bali for two days, then we move at / with /on to Brisbane.
Exercise 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -8 with definitions A -H .
1 check inAtake something somewhere and leave it there
2 check outB leave a bus, train, or plane
3
drop offC leave a place
4
get backD pay the bill and leave a hotel
5
get offE start moving towards
6 head forF
arrive at a hotel
7 come fromG return from somewhere
8
go awayH be born or grow up somewhere
Exercise 3
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If you come across something, you find it by chance. □
2 If you head for a place, you avoid it. □
3 If you set off, you start a journey. □
4 If you drop something off, you can't find it. □
5 If you move on, you leave your home to live in a new one. □
6 If you get away for a few days, you have a holiday. □
Exercise 4
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning.
moved on headed for went around get off got off came across
1 Did Gina get awav okav this morning?
2 They watched as the driver got out the train.
3 It started to rain, so she made for the hotel.
4 We waited for the rain to stop before we carried on to the next town.
5 We found a lovely seafood restaurant.
6 We went round some of the museums in Florence.
Exercise 5
Complete the holiday adverts with the particles in the box.
IN FOR | AWAY j AWAY AROUND | ACROSS
1 G E T______ TO THAILAND THIS SUMMER FOR JU ST $500!
2 H E A D ____________________THE SUN! 50 PER CENT OFF FLIGHTS TO SPAIN.
3 C H E C K
_TO OUR HOTEL THIS WEEKEND AND G ETTHREE NIGHTS FO RTHE PRICE OF TWO!
4 YOU W O N T CO M E
__________ THE SAME HOLIDAY CHEAPER ELSEWHERE!
5 BUY INSURANCE BEFORE YOU G O ___________
6 G O
_______________ THE WORLD IN JUST ONE MONTH!a 7dA 7 u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Travel and tourism

c / J‘ g3iLhtBAFh x
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 He's g oin g to go in Europe with a friend for three months.
2 Welcome home! When did you get away from holiday?
3 It's a lovely, sunny day. Let's head off the beach today.
4 You have to get up the bus at the last stop.
5 You can check out online, to save yourself time at the airport.
6 What time does your train get on at the station?
Exercise 7
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
come from get in g e ta w a y get off d r o p ... off ch e c k o u t get into c h e c k in
1 If I c a n __________________early from work I'll be home quicker.
2 All guests m u s t __________________of the hotel before 12 p.m.
3 'Where do y o u __________________?'— 'I'm from Bangladesh.'
4 We need t o __________________at the next stop.
5 What time does your t r a in __________________Berlin?
6 Our c o a c h __________________at eight o'clock last night.
7 When you arrive, p le a se __________________at the reception desk.
8 The coach c a n________ p a sse n ge rs _________ at various hotels on the island.
Exercise 8
Read the hotel review. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer the questions.
Our plane got into London very late - at about 2 a.m. But the staff were friendly and helpful when we checked
in. The hotel is id eally located for g o in g around the main tourist attractions in the city centre. We came across
an excellent Indian restaurant next door, which I'd recommend. We're planning on getting away for a short
holiday next year. I think we will definitely head for the George Hotel!
1 When did the plane arrive in London?
2 How were the staff when they arrived?
3 What is the hotel in a good location for?
4 What did they find next to the hotel?
5 What are they planning next year?
6 Where will they stay?THE GEORGE HO TEL ****
Y o u r tu rn !
Think about a holiday you enjoyed or a place you
have travelled to. Use the phrasal verbs in this unit
to talk about your experience. For example:
We set o ff on our trip very early in the morning.'T

fI?k&Au' euS 8eF&A?u
do up
E If you do something up, you fasten it.
She showed her son how to do up his shoes.
I can't do my top button up.
Hi If a piece of clothing does up in a particular place, it is fastened there.
The top does up at the back.
S If a woman does her hair up, she arranges it so that it is fastened close to her head rather than hanging loosely.
She did her hair up in a pony tail.
Her hair was done up in a neat bun at the back of her head.
dress up
El If you dress up or dress someone up, you put special, smart clothes on yourself or someone else, usually
for a social occasion.
It's fun to dress up for a party.
I like to dress my little girl up in pretty clothes.
H] If you dress up or dress someone up, you put special costumes or unusual clothes on yourself or someone
else, usually for fun, often at a party where everyone does this.
Maisie loves to dress up in her Grandma's clothes.
l/l/e dressed Alex up as Superman for Amelia's party.
get on
If you get a piece of clothing on, you dress yourself in it.
Get your coat on.
1 NOTE I You can also use p u t o n.
go with
If one thing goes with another, they suit each other or are pleasant or attractive together.
Those shoes go with your dress.
have on
If you have clothing on, you are wearing it.
I can't wait to take these shoes o f f - I've had them on all day.
She had on an old jacket.
pick out
If you pick out one thing, you choose it from a group.
Christina picked out a nice pair o f shoes to wear.
She picked a skirt out that she thought Ellie would like.
pull off
When you pull a piece of clothing off or pull a piece of clothing off someone else, you take it off quickly.
I managed to pull my boots off.
James pulled off his socks.
I pulled Tom's boots off his feet.''r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Clothing and fashion

c / J‘ gxU1II ?u
When you pull on your clothes, you put them on quickly.
Still sitting, he pulled his shirt and trousers on.
put on
E When you put on a piece of clothing, you put it over a part of your body and wear it, or you put it over a
part of someone else's body so they are wearing it.
She put her coat on.
n o t e The opposite o f p u t o n is take off.
C2} When you put on make-up, a cream, or perfume, you spread or spray it on your skin.
Make sure you put some suncream on before you go out.
show off
If you show off som ething that you own, you show it to a lot of people because you are proud of it.
They held out their arms, showing off their jewellery.
He bought her a ring and she has been showing it off to everyone.
take in
If you take som ething in, you make an item of clothing smaller and tighter.
He lost so much weight that he had to take in all his trousers.
I n o t e! The opposite o f take in is let o u t.
take up
If you take up a piece of clothing, you make it shorter.
I can take up those trousers for you.
n o t e The opposite o f take up is let do w n .
try on
If you try on a piece of clothing, you put it on to see if it fits you or if it looks nice.
She tried on several dresses but couldn't find any she liked.
wear out
When som ething wears out or when you wear it out, it is used so much that it becomes weak or broken
and unable to be used any more.
Sooner or later the soles o f your favourite shoes are going to wear out.
He did not want them walking up and down the stairs and wearing out the stair carpet.
wrap up
H] When you wrap som ething up, you fold a piece of paper, cloth, or other material round it so that it is
com pletely covered.
We wrapped the glasses up in tissue paper.
My hair is wrapped up in a towel because I've ju st washed it.
n o t e 1 You can also use do u p .
\2\ If you wrap up, you put warm clothes on; if you wrap someone, especially a child, up, you put warm
clothes on them.
Wrap up well. It's cold outside.
The children came to school wrapped up in coats and scarves.Wo

PEE Pn Pu& ur
1 do / dress / take / w r a p ____________________________________________
2 try / put / have / get _________
3 w e a r / p ic k _________
4 p u ll/ s h o w _________
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences with the particles in the box.
up on out off with in
1 The dresses were all so pretty, it was hard to p ic k
__________ the nicest one.
2 He untied his shoes and took th e m
_________
3 She always likes to d re ss _________ when we go out to dinner.
4 That T-shirt doesn't really g o
_________ those shoes.
5 These trousers are too wide - I'll need to take th e m
_________
6 Try this d re ss _________ and see if it fits.r z U dC •0 U :
Match the particles with the verbs to make phrasal verbs from this unit.Exercise 3
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with d e fin itio ns A -F.
1 When it's cold outside you need to wrap up warm! A fasten something
2The shorts are one size too big, but you can take
them in.
B take something off quickly
3It was hot so Cameron pulled off his sweater.
C use something so much it becomes weak
4
Her dress was too long, so she decided to take it up D make clothing smaller or tighter
a little.
5 He did up the buttons of his shirt. E make clothing shorter
6 Children can wear their shoes out quickly. F put warm clothes on
Exercise 4
Decide if the fo llo w in g sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 Take off means the opposite of put on. □
2 Take in means the opposite of let out. □
3 Take up means the same as let down. □
4 Get on means the same as put on. □
5 Show off means the same as take in. □
6 Have on means the same as pull on. □
Exercise 5
Match sentence halves 1 -8 with A -H to make com plete sentences.
1 I've worn this jumper so often
A
and went out the door.
2
1 tried on a gorgeous scarf,
B for me to wear tonight?
3 She pulled on her socks
C blue jeans and a grey T-shirt.
4 It was difficult to pull my
D
1 think I've worn it out!
5 Can you pick out something nice
E with my new shoes?
6 He had on F
up for the wedding.
7
Does this handbag go G
but it was too expensive, so 1 didn't buy it.
8 Alicia did her hair
H
ski boots off.a 7dA 7 u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Clothing and fashion

c / J‘ gxiLhtBAFh x
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with a word or phrase with the same m eaning A-F.
1 1 don't think that dress goes with that jacket.A
arrange
2 These trousers are too long. 1 need to take them up. B chose
3She picked out a beautiful dress for the wedding. C matches
4 Everyone was talking about what the celebrities had D shorten
on at the premiere.
5Is it a casual party, or do we need to dress up? E wore
6 It took me ages to do up my hair in this style.F wear formal clothes
Exercise 7
Com plete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
took ... off show off put on g o t ... on dress up did up
1 When Jayden was younger, he liked to ___________________ in a super hero costume.
2 He grabbed his ja c k e t,
_________ i t__________ and walked out the door.
3 Why don't y o u ___________________ your new aftershave?
4 The event gave the actress a chance t o
___________________ her new hairstyle.
5 She wore an unusual dress t h a t ___________________ at the front.
6 H e
_________ his h a t __________ and sat down in the shade.
Exercise 8
Read the conversation. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the sentences that follow are true (T) or
false (F).
: Isabe lla: Hi. I'd like to try on this dress, please. I'm not sure about the size, though ...
: Store A ssista n t: No problem. You can put it on in the ch anging room over there. If the dress doesn't fit we
: can take it in for you.
: Isabe lla: Thanks. Could you pick out some shoes to match the dress?
: Store A ssista n t: O f course. How about these silver shoes? They go really well with it.
: Isabella: Oh yes, they're much nicer than the shoes I have on!
1 Isabella asks if she can put on the dress to see if it fits her. □
2 The assistant tells her it will not be possible to wear the dress. □
3 The assistant offers to make the dress smaller, if needed. □
4 Isabella asks the assistant to choose a handbag for her. □
5 The assistant thinks the shoes look attractive with the dress. □
6 Isabella prefers the silver shoes to the ones she is wearing. □
Y o u r tu rn !
Th in k about clothes or fashions that you like. Use
the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about them. For
example:
When I'm cold I like to put on my favourite sweater.
I enjoy dressing up in the latest styles.
Th-eij realised "that +h-ey both
h a d or\ -the same d re ss.iJ

1 2
Studying and learning
catch up
If a person or thing catches up or catches someone or something up, they reach the same standard or
level.
Once you become so behind with your studies, it's really hard to catch up.
They did well early on, but other businesses are catching them up now.
cut out
If you cut out part of something, you remove it by cutting it.
She had cut out pictures o f animals and stuck them on the wall.
I cut an article out o f the paper and sent it to her.
drop out
If you drop out, you leave something that you are involved in before it is finished.
She had dropped out o f college in the first term.
He dropped out o f school and went to work in the supermarket.
fall behind
If someone or something falls behind or falls behind someone or something, they do not reach the
standard or level of similar people or things.
These children often fall behind with their reading.
His salary has fallen behind those o f many of his colleagues.
find out
If you find out something, you learn something that you did not already know.
I'm only interested in finding out what the facts are.
I used the Internet to find their names out.
go over
If you go over something, you examine or discuss each part of it, especially to make sure that someone
understands it or that it is correct.
I'll go over the main points o f what she said.
hand in
If you hand in a piece of work, you give it to someone so that they can read it or deal with it.
At half-past eleven they handed their exam papers in.
Don't forget to hand in your homework.
hand out
If you hand things out, you give them to people in a group so that each person has one or some.
They handed out questionnaires to the audience.
The teacher asked me to hand the books out.vbr vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb Studying and learning

c / J‘ g7I??N ek
E If you look at som ething or someone, you turn your eyes towards them.
Everyone turned to look at the painting.
E If you look at som ething, you quickly read it or read parts of it.
I've looked at your essay and I think it's very good.
I NOTE I You can also use lo o k th ro u g h .
E l If you look at a subject, problem, or situation, you consider or study it.
His research looked at the way language is acquired.
look up
E If you look up, you raise your eyes.
She did not even look up from her work when he came in.
E If you look something up, you find a piece of information by looking at something such as a book or website.
He used a dictionary to look up the word 'apotheosis'.
Nowadays you can look almost anything up on the Internet.
miss out
If you miss out som ething or someone, you fail to include them in som ething. [BRITISH]
The brochure had missed out the fact that the hotel was right by a busy road.
He missed some important details out o f his report.
I NOTE I You can also use leave o u t. [m ainly AMERICAN]
mix up
If you mix things or people up, you are confused about which one is which.
I think you're mixing up the American Civil War with the English Civil War.
Do you have a tendency to mix the digits up when trying to remember numbers?
opt for
If you opt for a particular thing, you decide to do or have that thing.
Unsure what to study at university, she eventually opted for Law.
relate to
If som ething relates to a particular subject, it is about that subject or is connected with it.
I wanted to ask you a question that relates to electricity.
run through
If you run through som ething, you explain it or read it quickly, in order to practise it, check it or make sure
that people understand it.
Some o f you won't know this so I'll ju st briefly run through it.
; NOTE You can also use go th r o u g h and r u n over.
sign up
If you sign up, you sign an agreement to do a job or course of study, or join an organization.
She signed up to do a Masters degree after graduating from Columbia.
take in
If you take som ething in, you pay attention to it so that you understand, remember, or experience it fully.
I didn't take in everything that he was saying.
Alex had been the perfect pupil, listening and watching and taking it in.or

i L h tB AF h g
Match the verbs with the particles to make phrasal verbs from this unit.hCE0nBC nY MOCDRr h0 0nh b0E
1ratrh / look / mix / sign
4opt
2rut / drop / find / hand /Ipavp / miss
5rplatp
3run / look / go
6fall
E x e r c i s e 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -8 with definitions A -H .
1
Andrew found the course difficult and dropped outAfind information in a book or website
after a month.
2
They were discussing a complex idea, so it was hardBleave something you are involved in before it is
to take it all in.finished
3Dana missed two classes, so it took her a while toCdecide to do something
catch up.
4
At university Elias opted for political history andDbe connected with something
economics.
5This chapter relates closely to the last one.Epay attention so that you understand something
6 I looked up his address on the company website.
Fgive things out to people in a group
7
She handed out the certificates to everyone in theGdiscuss something to make sure someone
class.
understands it
8
He went over the instructions with me again toHreach the same standard or level as someone else
make sure I understood.
Exercise 3
Complete the sentences. Choose the best answers.
1 If you don't know the meaning of a word, look it up / through / over.
2 I want to find over/ o u t/ up more information about this subject.
3 Would you mind running at / behin d / through the details once more, just so I am quite clear?
4 You've missed up / in / out a full stop at the end of that sentence.
5 Many students drop out / in / up of university during the first year.
6 There's too much information here to take up / over / in at once.
Exercise 4
Answer the questions.
1 If you opt for something, do you choose to do it or not?
2 If you hand something out, do you give it to someone or take it from someone?
3 If you sign up for something, do you agree or disagree to become involved with it?
4 If you need to catch up on work, are you at the same standard as others, or below it?
5 If you go over some work, do you repeat it or examine it closely?
6 If you run through some work, do you do it quickly or in detail?
Exercise 5
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
looks at c u to u t run through handed in fall behind m is s e d ... out
1S h p
pictures from magazines for her art project.
2If y o u m is s t o n m a n y r l a s s p s , y o u m i g h t in y o u r s t u d ip s
3Hp
the essay to his teacher a day late.
4T h p f il m t h p f a s c i n a t i n g h i s t o r y o f t h p c o u n t r y
51 t h i n k y n u h a v p a f p w t h i n g s in y o u r r p p o r t
6I'll j u s t a q u i r k s u m m a r y o f t h p f i n d i n g sa 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Studying and learning

c / J‘ g7Esn tsnW Pu& JPPdc l& iun &fiPuWf JPPdsnW &fiPuWf
&ldo sn Uon& Paoi bsccot SSS Pu& bs4 ur
e 5 Ulc JPPdsnW l& 2Pui iorPi& Ufon 5 nP&syot l bsc&ldoS
3 Ifo nlbo sc croJJot Us&f ln LoL l& &fo ont 1 2PuLao JoE& s& Pu&S
C Osic&9 Jo& bo WP &fiPuWf &Ptl2Lc lWontlS
8 Ii2 nP& &P yPnEuco &fo &UP sccuocS
6 5n foi mPPd cfo yPncstoic &fo rPcs&sPn PE UPbon sn cPyso&2S
k 5 Ulc lmJo &P untoic&lnt bPc& PE Ufl& fo Ulc cl2snWS
? 5 on@P2 JolinsnW lmPu& tsEEoion& yuJ&uioc sn &fo UPiJtS
P 0o tscyuccot &fo iocuJ&c sn Wiol& to&lsJS
Exercise 7
Read Ruby's com m ents about her university degree. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then match them with
the correct defin itio ns 1-6.
: After I finished high school, I signed up to do a degree in Biology at Leeds University. I wanted to find out
: more about Biotechnology, so I opted for a short course on it during my first semester. At first it was a lot
• to take in and I was worried I would fall behind. But my tutor went over the coursework with me and by
: the end of the year I passed the course.r z U d C •0 U E
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning.a R0h EOW4C hCO UWmO UhWRrWEr 0E IOLOI WU 0hCOE YO0YIO
2 signed an agreement to do a course of study
3 understand som ething
4 learn som ething
5 helped me to understand som ething by talking about it
6 decided to do som ething
Exercise 8
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
d ro p o u t relate to run over hand in find out s ig n u p
1 Professor J e o n g___________________ to the organization last May.
2 We'll begin b y
_the recommended reading material for this course.
3 These figures do n o t
_____________ patients over the age of 65.
4 If you want t o
_____________ more, click on the link below.
5 J a s o n
_____________ of school at the age of 14.
6 P le a se
_____________ your reports to your
teacher by next Wednesday.
Y o u r tu rn !
What would you like to learn more about? Use the
phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about this. For
example:
I'd like to find out more about the history o f my
country.vF

w?EF euS BethhtF
carry out
If you carry out a task, you do it.
They have to carry out a number of administrative duties.
The team carried a survey out and its findings were interesting.
fit in
If you fit in, you are happy and accepted in a group of people because you are similar to the other people in it.
You have to learn how the company works in order to fit in.
We're looking for someone who will fit in with our team.
get out of
E If you get something good, especially pleasure or satisfaction, out of something that you do or
experience, you enjoy it or find it useful.
I get a lot of satisfaction out o f my job.
® If you get out of doing something, you avoid doing it.
If there was work to be done around the house, Alec would always get out of it.
He'll do anything to get out of going to visit his grandparents.
1 n o t e I You can also use wriggle o u t of.
lay off
If workers are laid off or if their employer lays them off, they are told that they have to leave their jobs for
a period of time or permanently, because there is no work for them to do.
City workers are being laid off at the rate o f 100 a week.
Her employer laid her off eight months later.
Factories are warning that they may have to lay off workers.
make up
If people or things make up something, they form it. If something is made up of people or things, they form it.
Women now make up two-fifths o f the work force.
The EU's budget has to be agreed by the member states that make it up.
Nearly half the Congress is made up of lawyers.
move into
If people move into a particular activity or area of business, they start to be involved in it.
She later moved into the field o f education.
move out of
If people move out of a particular activity or area of business, research, etc., they stop being involved in it.
People are moving out of the public sector and into the private sector.
set up
If you set something up, you make the necessary arrangements for it to start.
The software billionaire set up a development agency to work in Africa.
She set a meeting up for me with the Managing Director.v}r vij vm X v N i Wt iebe? Y qipb Jobs and careers

c / J‘ g2FhkkIh Au
If you settle in or you are settled in, you become used to a new place or new job.
How is he settling in to his new job?
My colleagues were very helpful while I was getting settled in.
shut down
E If someone shuts down a factory or business or if it shuts down, it closes and stops working.
They shut down the water plants and told residents to buy bottled water.
The company would be forced to shut the whole factory down.
More than 50 businesses in the town have shut down this year.
I n o t e I You can also use close dow n.
C3 if a m achine or an engine shuts down or if it is shut down, it stops w orking for a short time.
His computer overheated and shut down.
There was supposed to be an emergency mechanism for shutting down the system.
The reactor's automatic controls shut it down.
FnOt e~ You can also use sh u t off.
stay on
If you stay on, you remain in a place or continue to attend it regularly. [BRITISH]
After his contract finished, he agreed to stay on for another three months.
step down
If you step down, you leave an im portant jo b or position.
The CEO stepped down last month because o f illness.
n o t e I You can also use step aside and sta n d dow n.
stick out
HI If som ething or someone sticks out, they are very obvious or noticeable, especially because of being very
different from th in gs or people around them.
He wore a dark grey suit that would not stick out in any workplace.
I n o t e I You can also use sta n d o u t.
® If you stick som ething out, you continue in a difficult or unpleasant situation, rather than leaving it.
Sometimes I wonder if I can stick this jo b out much longer.
take off
If you take time off, you spend it doing som ething different from your normal activities or job.
I won't be here tomorrow as I'm taking the day off.
Your contract entitles you to take off twenty days a year.
take on
CD If you take on a job, task, or responsibility, you accept it and try to do what is required.
She takes on more work than is good for her.
It's a big responsibility and it's nice o f him to take it on.
® If someone takes you on, they employ you.
They took me on because I was a good mathematician.
In the current climate, employers are taking on less people.
w a lk o u t
If workers walk out, they suddenly stop w orking and leave the place where they work as a protest.
Up to 60,000 staff will walk out next month in support o f a 40 per cent pay rise.vT

iLhtBAFh g
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If workers are laid off, they are told they must leave their jobs. □
2 If you take time off, you remain in your place of work. □
3 If you step down, you leave an important job. □
4 If someone takes you on, they tell you to leave your job. □
5 If you fit in, you are happy and accepted by a group of people. □
6 If you settle in, you become used to a new job. □
Exercise 2
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A - F to make complete sentences.
1Cathy decided to stay on at the companyA my own business one day.
2I'm really keen to set upBafter her work experience ended.
3It's a very friendly office and 1CI've just had two weeks holiday this year.
4 The head office has decidedDshould step down after the scandal about his expenses claims.
5 We all think the managerE found it easy to settle in.
61 can't take off another day -F to shut down three branches of the business.
Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
s h u t - d o w n got... out of walked out made up of stick... out stay on moving into step down
1 He wasn't sure whether t o________________ at school or leave and get a job.
2 Zack hated his job, but he decided t o
_________________ i t______________ until he found something better.
3 Angelique was thinking of leaving the accounts team a n d
_______________ marketing.
4 The seminar was extremely dull - I
_______________ very little ------------------------- it.
5 The business isn't doing well. In fact, we may have t o
_______________ i t________________
6 Our team i s _______________ five men and five women.
7 Peter offered t o
_______________ from his position.
8 Hundreds of w o rkers
_______________ in the dispute.
Exercise 4
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning.
get out of sh u tdo w n sh u tdo w n step down stick out m a k e u p carryo u t se tu p
1 We arranged a meeting between both departments for the next day.
2 Most of the work I do is of a technical nature.
3 I don't want to give this presentation, but I can't w riggle out of it.
4 I'm sorry to say that our production manager has decided to stand dow n.
5 International orders form over 50 per cent of our business.
6 Please remember to shut off your computer before you leave.
7 I like to wear bright colours to work so that I stand out.
8 Unfortunately we had to close down three of our stores last year.
Exercise 5
Complete the jo b adverts with the particles in the box.
OUT | IN UP ON OUT OF INTO
1 SFTYOUR OWN RIJSINFSS!
2CAN YOU FITWITH OUR WAY OF THINKING?
3TAKF
A BIGGFR CHALLENGE!
4MOVF WFR-RASFD MFDIA
5GFT MORF YOUR CARFFR
6HFI P US RY CARRYING WORK SIJRVFYSa 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Jobs and careers

c / J‘ g2iLhtBAFh x
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 Do you have everything you need in order to carry off the task?
2 We regret to announce that we have to lay down some members of staff.
3 We're taking in three new employees this month.
4 She's not happy in her work, but she's decided to stick it up until she finds som ething else.
5 She used to work in the public sector but she's moved up the private sector now.
6 Are you the kind of person who will be able to fit on with our way of doing things?
Exercise 7
Match questions 1 -6 with the correct replies A -F.
1 How is your new jo b going?
2 Why did they have to lay off so many workers?
3 What made you decide to move out of teaching?
4 Do you mind staying on after work to help me with
this?
5 Why don't you take some time off?
6 Do you think that you fit in at your work?
Exercise 8
Read the jo b advert. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then in your own words, explain what each one means.A Because the business was doing really badly.
B Good idea. I really need a rest.
C I wanted to try som ething new.
D It's g o in g great. I'm really settling in now.
E No, not at all. I'm happy to help if I can.
F Yes I do - I get on well with all my colleagues.
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Do you think you can fit in with a small, dynamic team? Does your CV stand out from the rest? Then we
want to take you on! We have recently set up a small media company and need someone to design a new
web-based application. Your duties will include carrying out regular tests and you must be willing to take
on new challenges. Click below to apply now!
Y o u r tu rn !
Th in k about the jo b you do now, or a jo b you would
like to do. Use the phrasal verbs in this unit to talk
about it. For exam ple:
It took me a long time to settle in.
I'd like to take on a more challenging role.J Sorru- 1 cant L.
(ra k e o n any more
a+ +He imomeni.ll

W1FAuhFF
bring out
When a person or company brings out a new product, they produce it and sell it.
The company is planning to bring out a new range of financial products later this year.
The singer has now brought a second album out.
build on
Q] If an activity, organization, system or belief is built on something, it is developed from that thing.
The relationship between a bank and its customer is built on trust.
I n o t e I You can also use b u ild u p o n and base o n.
@] If you build on the success of something, you take advantage of it to make further progress.
We must try to build on the success of these industries.
They are building on existing skills and traditions.
come out of
If one thing comes out of something else, the first thing results from the second.
If all you focus on is negative thinking, then nothing good can come out o f it.
hand over
CD If you hand something over, you give it to someone so that they have or own it.
He handed the phone over to me.
People have handed over large sums of money for work that was never done.
If you hand over to someone or hand something over, you give another person responsibility for dealing
with something.
The head teacher handed over to his deputy.
He recently handed control o f the company over to his son.
keep down
If someone or something keeps the number, size, or amount of something down, they stop it increasing
and keep it at a low level.
They employ fewer staff to keep costs down.
We need to keep down production costs.
look into
If you look into something, you find out and examine the facts about a problem or situation.
They hired a financial adviser to look into the firm's accounts.
make up for
To make up for something means to replace something that has been lost or damaged or to provide
something instead of it.
There would have to be major cuts to make up for the loss o f revenue.kur vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb Business

c / J‘ g9U1II ?1k
E l If you pull out, you decide not to continue with an activity or agreement.
They pulled out o f the deal at the last minute.
I n o t e You can also use b a ck o u t.
HI If you pull som eone out, you decide not to continue with an activity or agreement.
The singer's new manager pulled her out o f the book deal.
send off
If you send som ething off, you send it somewhere by post, email, or text message.
I sent off letters o f enquiry to all the big firms.
It's a good idea to re-read your emails before you send them off.
send out
If you send som ething out, you send copies of som ething to a lot of people.
The company sent out questionnaires to 34,000 doctors.
We send regular newsletters out to our customers.
start up
If you start something up, or if you start up, you start a new business or project; if a business starts up, it begins.
She wanted to start up her own business.
There are a lot o f additional costs when you are starting up.
n o t e I You can also use set up.
take off
If som ething takes off, it becomes very successful or popular.
If the product takes off, you could make your money back within a year.
take over
To take over a business means to gain control of it by buying it or buying a majority of its shares.
The I.P.C. was taken over by the Reed Paper Group.
He's made a great success o f the restaurant since he took it over.
I n o t e I You can also use bu y o u t.
team up
If two or more people or organizations team up, they join together in order to do som ething.
That year, NBC teamed up with Microsoft to launch the news channel MSNBC.
t r y o u t
If you try out som ething or try som ething out, you test it or use it for the first time in order to find out
how useful or effective it is.
The company is trying out a new idea to help working parents.
First they tried it out on a small group o f people.
turn around
If som ething such as a plan, project, or business that is failing turns around or if you turn it around, it
starts to become successful or profitable.
The project is not going well, but I'm confident I can turn it around.
He believes he can turn around last year's losses and make a profit.
' n o t e You can also use t u r n r o u n d . This is m ainly British.(J

Pu& PEE ur Paoi Pn tPUn
e m l co Bm u sJt GGGGGGGGGGG 8 co& B c&li& B &olb 111111111111111111
3 mlyd B misnW B mu2 B ruJJ B cont B &i2 111111111111111111 6 door 111111111111111111
C co n t B &l d o GGGGGGGGGGG k flnt B&ld o 111111111111111111
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 The manager would like us to team together / out / up to do the next task.
2 The sales in Korea will make down I up I out for the loss of sales in Europe.
3 His first business idea really took off/ aw ay/ up and he now runs a very successful company.
4 I wish they'd would bring a round/ off / out a product that could charge all electronic devices with one single
charger!
5 Remember to send the package over / up / off by airmail, in order to get it there on time.
6 We're downsizing in order to keep costs out / down / off.k 0 q ic •b q A
Match the verbs with the particles to make phrasal verbs from this unit.Exercise 3
Match phrasal verbs 1 -8 with definitions A -H .
1This is a bad situation. Nothing good can come outAfind out the facts about something
of it.
2The manager said she would look into the matterBproduce and sell something
and then contact us.
3The extra sales we made this month will make up forCprovide something as a replacement
our losses last month.
4The new director has really turned the companyDresult from something
around.
5Next year the company plans to bring out a newEstart a new business or project
version of the phone.
6We want to build on our strong brand identity.Fmake something become successful or profitable
7We didn't have much money when we first started up.Gstop something increasing and keep at a low level
8Costs should be kept down at a reasonable level.Htake advantage of something to make progress
Exercise 4
Complete the news headlines with the particles in the box.
UP UP OVER | OVER | OFF | AROUND
1 D&Z S E T T O T A K E
________________ SMALLER COMPANY
2 G E R B E R TO TE A M
________________ WITH HUANG
3 NEW PRODUCT LINE TA K E S ________________
4 DANIELS TO H A N D ________________ CONTROL OF BUSINESS
5 MORE BUSINESSES TO STA RT
________________ IN NORTH EAST
6 CONSULTANTTURNS COMPANY________________
Exercise 5
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning,
turn ... around taken over starting up pull out look into built on
1 Our business is built upon creative thinking.
2 Kostwize has said it might back out of negotiations with Zentron.
3 Beverley has always dreamed of setting up her own production company.
4 The firm could be bought out as early as next month.
5 We'll need to turn things round if we want to survive in this market.
6 Management will investigate the causes of these incidents.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Business

c / J‘ g9iLhtBAFh x
Make these sentences sound less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
trying out to pull out of ta k e o v e r tu rn aro u n d look into it send out
1 If anyone can make a success of a business, it will be him.
2 How often do you post promotional material?
3 The com pany decided not to go ahead with investing in Europe.
4 I don't know the answer ju st yet, but I'll do some research and find out.
5 She's a bossy person, who always tries to control meetings.
6 We're testing a new service on some volunteers at the moment.
Exercise 7
Read Jonathan's com ments about his business. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer the questions.
: I started up my own business three years ago. At first things really took off - I was making lots of money
: and the customers were happy with my products. I tried hard to build on my good relationship with
•; customers. But the economy is weak now, so people are less willing to hand over money. We'll need to
: keep our costs down for the business to survive another year. I really hope the economy turns around
: soon.
1 When did Jonathan start his business?
2 Was it successful in the first year?
3 What did Jonathan try to take advantage of?
4 Why don't people want to spend money now?
5 What must he keep at a low level?
6 What does he hope will improve?
Exercise 8
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
team up come out of make up for h a n d o ve r send out tr y o u t
1 We lost a lot of money, but hopefully w e 'll________________ it next year.
2 She asked her assistant t o
________________ the email to everyone in the company.
3 The com pany i s
________________ the new product on a small test group at the moment.
4 It was a difficult year, but I h a v e
________________ it a better and stronger person.
5 N e ve r
________________ money in advance to a trader you know nothing about.
6 The com pany h a s
___ __ __________ with a Korean electronics firm to produce the MP3 players.
Y o u r tu rn !
Look at websites relating to business. Can you find
any exam ples of the phrasal verbs in this unit?=a

m?uh5 euS FUhuSAu'
amount to
If something amounts to a particular sum or number, its total is that quantity.
She lost all her savings, which amounted to a large sum o f money.
I NOTE I You can also use ad d up to.
bring in
Someone or something that brings in money, or brings money in, makes or earns it.
Tourism is a big industry, bringing in £7 billion a year.
We will have to consider how we can bring funds in.
build up
If something builds up or if you build it up, it gradually increases in amount, size, or strength.
Money built up in your savings can be used to boost your retirement income.
We helped to build up the wealth o f this country.
The city must build its cash reserves up to a more comfortable level.
come into
If someone comes into money, property, or a title, they get it when someone in their family dies.
She came into some money on her mother's death.
cut back on
If you cut back on the money that you spend on something, you reduce it.
The government has had to cut back on public spending.
get into
If you get into a difficult situation, or if someone gets you into it, you start to be involved in it, often
without intending to be.
Make sure you don't get into debt.
He got him self into such a mess.
give away
If you give away something, or give something away, you give it to someone without taking money i
return.
She has given away jewellery worth millions of dollars.
I couldn't decide whether to keep the money he left me or give it away.
live on
If you live on an amount of money, you have that amount of money to buy things.
I don't have enough to live on.PLr vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ip b Money and spending

c /J‘ OPUe5 8?t
E If you pay for som ething, you give someone money for it.
We have to have money to pay for the food we eat.
H] If som ething that you buy pays for itself, it saves you as much money as you spent on it.
These water heaters are more efficient and will pay for themselves within five years.
pay in
When you pay in money, or pay money in, you put it into a bank account.
Roberto called in at the bank to pay his cheque in.
I paid in £ 7 50 this morning.
pay off
If you pay off a debt or bill, you pay all the money that you owe.
The most common reason for borrowing is to pay off existing loans.
She paid her debts off by selling her house.
put down
If you put down money when you are buying som ething, you pay a part of the money that you owe.
I had put down the first month's rent as a security deposit.
Do you want me to put a deposit down to secure the offer?
sell off
If you sell som ething off, you sell it to get rid of it, usually for a low price.
They plan to break up the company and sell it off.
The land was sold off to developers.
sell out
If som ething sells out, or if a shop sells out of it, it has all been sold.
Shops almost immediately sold out o f the product.
The toy was so popular, every store in town was sold out.
set aside
If you set aside som ething, or you set som ething aside, you keep it for a particular purpose.
Set aside a fixed amount every month towards your pension.
I try to set some money aside in case o f emergencies.
Some time should be set aside for preparation.
\ n o t e You can also use p u t aside.
take out
E If you take out som ething such as a licence, an insurance policy, or a bank loan, you arrange to get it.
We took out a loan to buy the car.
How much the policy pays depends on when you took it out.
[2] |f you take m oney out, you obtain it from your bank account.
You can take cash out at any ATM.
What is the best way to take out money when travelling abroad?PF

iLhtBAFh g
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particle.
1 The cost of the operation will amount a t/ to / in 165,000 Euros.
2 I've come into / t o / in a little money. I'll be able to repay that loan sooner than expected.
3 Are you struggling to pay over/ off/ down your debts?
4 We have put to / over / down a deposit on a new house.
5 The company plan to sell off / over / down the shares next month.
6 The cash was set around / aside / away for road and rail improvements.
Exercise 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with definitions A-F.
1 She wanted to build up her savings a bit more
before she retired.
2 They got into some financial difficulties at the start
of the year.
3 One supermarket sold out of the product in just one day.
4 I don't know how he manages to live on $200 a week.
5 Trina went to the bank to take out some money.
6 Kwame had put aside some cash to cover any
additional costs.
Exercise 3
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.A buy things that you need (with a certain amount of
money)
B gradually increase the amount of something
C keep something for a particular purpose
D obtain (money) from your bank account
E reach a point where you have no more to sell
F start to be involved in something unintentionally
pay for added up tobrings in taking out sold off cut back on___ a loan to help us pay for the wedding.
unnecessary expenses as much as possible.
_____________ such an expensive car.
for very little money by the local council.
_________ over ten thousand Euros.
a lot of money to the city. 1 I think we should co n sid er
_________
2 It's better for them t o _____________
3 Stanley didn't have enough money to
4 The building w a s
_________________
5 The total cost of the holiday
6 Tourism _________________
Exercise 4
Match questions 1 -6 with the correct replies A-F.
1 Have you set aside any money for emergencies?
2 Is it true that he's a millionaire?
3 How much interest have you earned?
4 Would't you like to earn more money?
5 Can I pay in money electronically from one account
to the other?
6 How much does roof insulation cost?
Exercise 5
Complete these adverts. Write the correct particle.A It's quite expensive, but it should pay for itself
within a year due to lower heating bills.
B No, I wouldn't. I have enough money to live on, and
I'm happy with that.
C The total interest amounts to $500.
D Yes, he came into a lot of money after his father died,
E Yes, if you sign up to our Internet banking service.
F Yes. I've got some cash available to cover any
unexpected costs.
1 DEBTS? WE CAN HELP YOU PAY T H E M ______________________ I
2 YOU WON'T NEED TO CUT B A C K
_____________________ LUXURY WHEN YOU SHOP WITH US.
3 YOU CAN T A K E
_____________________ YOUR MONEY WHEN IT SUITS YOU.
4 DON'T D E L A Y - P U T
_____________________ A DEPOSIT TODAY!
5 WORK FOR US AND BRING
_____________________ MORE MONEY!
6 B U ILD
_____________________ YOUR SAVINGS WITH OUR GOLD SAVERS ACCOUNT.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Money and spending

c / J‘ OPiLhtBAFh x
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 In order to save money, we are cutting off on unnecessary stationery.
2 It took us a while to build for a large database, but we've succeeded in that now.
3 How are you ever g o in g to pay in all these expensive th in gs you've bought on your credit card?
4 Having too many credit cards is a common way for people to get on debt.
5 She's come on some money and has b ought a huge house in the south of France.
6 It's a good idea to set off some money for when you have retired.
Exercise 7
Make these sentences less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
built up cut back on g iv e a w a y paying in brings in came into
1 If you're g o in g to the bank, would you mind depositing a cheque for me?
2 I'm g o in g to donate some old clothes to a charity.
3 He inherited a lot of money when his wealthy grandparents died.
4 We need to reduce the amount of money we spend on food.
5 It's only a part-time job, but it makes me some extra money at least.
6 I'm saving a little money every month for my annual holiday. At the end of the year, it will have grown into a
sizeable fund .
Exercise 8
Read this extract from a financial advice website. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the
sentences that follow are true (T) or false (F).
\ MONEY MATTERS
j If you're looking to put down a deposit on a house, you m ight think you can't afford it, but there are things
| you can do to help. Cutting back on luxuries you don't need is a great way to build up your savings. You m ight
• also want to consider taking out a loan to help cover the cost of a large deposit. Remember, if you do get into
: debt, don't worry - there are com panies out there who can help you to pay it off.
1 There are th in gs you can do to help pay for a deposit on a house. □
2 Spending more on luxuries can help to increase your savings. □
3 You should consider arranging to get a loan. □
4 If you start to owe a lot of money, you should worry about it. □
5 There are com panies who can help you pay all the money that you owe. □
Y o u r tu rn !
Look for a website that offers financial advice. Can
you find any exam ples of the phrasal verbs in this
unit?=G

nhU?tkAu' Au k&h bhSAe
bring about
To bring about something means to cause it to happen.
The Administration helped bring about a peaceful settlement.
We're pressing for more information on what brought the decision about.
call for
If you call for an action, you demand that it should be done.
New safety measures have been called for.
call in
If you call someone in, you ask them to come somewhere to do something for you.
The Army was called in to control the rioting.
They called him in for questioning last night.
call off
If you call off an event or an arrangement that has been planned, you cancel it.
We planned the match for yesterday afternoon but had to call it off because of the weather.
Union leaders have agreed to call off the strike.
come after
To come after a particular event, point in time or person is to happen or exist later than them.
The shock news comes after a series o f incidents last month.
come under
If someone or something comes under something difficult or unpleasant from other people, they
experience it.
The department has come under fire for wasting public money.
get around
If recent information gets around or gets around a place, a lot of people tell other people about it.
The news got around that he was leaving.
Gossip gets around the film industry much faster than in other places.
I n o t e I You can also use get ro u n d . This is mainly British.
look for
If you look for something, you try to achieve it or get it.
We must look for a peaceful solution.
make up
If you make up something, you invent it.
He was accused o f making up some of the stories in his autobiography.
She continued to talk, making it up as she went along.P'r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb Reporting in the media

c / J‘ Ogbhhk jAk&
S] If you meet with a particular experience or event, you experience it or it happens to you.
Troops met with strong resistance as they entered the city.
[2] If som ething meets with a particular reaction or if you meet som ething with a particular reaction, that is
the reaction it gets.
His comments met with great public approval.
They are determined to meet any attack with retaliation.
I told him where I was and was met with silence.
put out
To put out information means to officially tell it to many people.
The com pany put out a statement saying that the chief executive had resigned.
He's put the story out himself.
result from
If a situation results from an event or action, it is caused by that event or action.
The condition may result from a shortage o f vitamins.
result in
If som ething results in a particular situation or event, it causes that situation or event to happen.
A warming o f the earth's surface might result in the melting o f the polar ice caps.
run through
E If an idea, piece of news, or emotion runs through a place or a group of people, it spreads through the
place or group quickly.
A buzz o f excitement ran through the crowd.
[2] If a quality or feeling runs through som ething, it affects every part of it or is present everywhere within it.
There is a prejudice that runs through our society.
set in
If som ething unpleasant sets in, it begins and seems likely to continue.
By the time he got back, panic had set in.
stem from
If som ething stems from something, it is caused by that thing.
Attitudes like these stem from ignorance.
step in
If you step in, you get involved in a situation and try to help.
The government sometimes has to step in to protect employees from employers.
turn into
If someone or som ething turns into another thing, or if som ething turns them into it, they change and
become that other thing.
This situation is turning into a nightmare.
The novel is being turned into a television series.Pv

i L h tB AF h g
Complete the news headlines with the particles in the box.yF yFl! eF:6V !22 2V!J .ylT
a l6FFyH 2yFkP ckPP6: d: y*2l ! jk: .6klT6V
5SV2Hy:2Fl ckI a H
kVJgl! T6PS
)'kH a 2 k | c ! y*y : leVF :yHkHl6V
f.yFFyF' l2kJ J2l
y! g! F V6leVF T!J6
Gy! Vce lH Hl2J
jk: :6cyHy!FH
t SVyJ6 JyFyHl6V c!J6HSV6HHeV6
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 It is hoped that the case will bring off / about/through some changes to the law.
2 The peaceful debate turned up / out / into an angry argument.
3 The Prime Minister came under / from / in fire from the public about his decision.
4 The call for strike action came about / off / after talks between the managers and the union.
5 Newspapers sometimes make out / up / through stories about celebrities just to catch the public's interest.
6 The government's new policies on education have been met with / up / out approval.
Exercise 3
Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If you bring about something, you cause it to happen. □
2 If you step in, you get involved in a situation and try to help. □
3 If you look for something, you try to achieve it. □
4 If something comes after an event, it happens before it. □
5 If something bad sets in, it begins and seems likely to continue. □
6 If news gets around, nobody knows about it. □
Exercise 4
Make these sentences sound less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
brought about looking for m akeu p put out runs through step in
1 Millions of young people are now seeking work.
2 The general view that pervades this culture is that you can't come second; winning is everything.
3 The government may be forced to intervene if the dispute cannot be resolved.
4 This change was caused by the development of the Internet.
5 The police released an official statement last night.
6 Children often invent stories.
Exercise 5
Read this news story. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then match them with the correct definitions 1 -6 .
: CITY CENTRE TR AFFIC BAN
: Environmental campaigners have called for a ban on traffic in the city centre. This comes after pollution levels
; were found to be dangerously high for two years running. The campaigners' plans to turn the city centre into
• a car-free zone have met with support from city residents. Cam paign spokesman Derek Shields said: 'Closing
: the city centre to traffic would result in lower carbon emissions and make the city a more pleasant space to
: live in. It's time for the city authorities to step in and address this problem.'
1 cause a situation or event to happen ___________
2 get involved in a situation and try to help ___________
3 happens or exists later than a particular event or point in time ___________
4 change something and make it become another thing ___________
5 got a particular reaction ___________
6 demanded that an action should be done ___________a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Reporting in the media

c / J‘ Oge 0PiJt Joltoic flao ylJJot sn ly&sPn lE&oi &fo noUc PE &fo l&&lydS
2 Although the com pany hadn't made a formal announcement, word soon got through that the director had
resigned.
3 A ripple of excitem ent ran across the football fans as their hero came on to the pitch.
4 Eventually the army had to step out and offer assistance to the flood victims.
5 Minutes after the explosion, panic set around and people began to flee the building.
6 The headmaster decided it was time to call off the police to sort out the problem of theft in the school.
Exercise 7
Match news stories A - F with headlines 1-6.
1 SMITH CRITICISES GOVERNMENTTHINKING □
2 SCHOOL ACCUSES PUPIL OF LYING □
3 RETAIL SALES GETTING BETTER □
4 RESIDENTS REJECT BUILDING PLANS □
5 HIGH PRICES CAUSED BY IMPORTED FUEL □
6 TAX RISE W ILL MAKE PEOPLE POORER □
A Teachers have accused the boy of making the story up to get attention.
B The increased fuel costs could result from the country's reliance on foreign fuel imports.
C Increasing taxes will only result in the poorest people becom ing even less well-off.
D She said: 'This kind of thinking runs through our entire government, and it could harm our economy.'
E Plans to build the new shopping mall have come under attack from local residents.
F The survey found that sales were in fact increasing in some sectors. This comes ju st one month after official
figures suggested a more gloom y forecast.
Exercise 8
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.
meet with call for get round result from result in call in turn into call off
1 The opposition leader is n o w ___________an independent inquiry.
2 Police from other areas w e re___________ to assist with the boat rescue.
3 The singer may be forced t o
___________ next week's concert due to illness.
4 Last week, a s t o r y
___________ that the manager had stolen com pany funds.
5 The judge's com m ents w e re
___________ outrage from the public.
6 She was afraid of the dam age to the com pany that w o u ld
____________ such a scandal.
7 The a c c id e n t
___________ several injuries.r z U d C •0 U E
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.Y o u r tu rn !
Look at news stories that interest you in a
newspaper or online. Can you find any exam ples
of the phrasal verbs in this unit? 8 The problem of child obesity is threatening to
a public health disaster.
O rh ’cs say "the malch should
have been colled off.-t

C?IAkABeI hdhukF
bring down
If people or events bring down a government or ruler, they cause them to lose their power.
Unofficial strikes had brought down the regime.
A national strike would bring the government down.
bring in
When a government or other organization brings in a new law, rule, or system, they introduce it.
l/l/e intend to bring in legislation to control their activities.
The government should bring laws in to restrict the sale o f unhealthy food.
crack down
To crack down is to start to be much stricter with people who are not obeying rules or laws, punishing
them more severely.
Their first reaction to the riots was to crack down hard.
n o t e ; You can also use clam p dow n.
deal with
When you deal with something that needs attention, you do what is necessary in order to achieve the
result that is wanted.
They learned to deal with any sort of emergency.
engage in
If you engage in an activity, you take part in it.
It was not considered appropriate for a former President to engage in business.
They were engaged in a life and death struggle.
enter into
E If you enter into an agreement or arrangement, you formally agree to it.
His party entered into an alliance with the Socialists.
EH If you enter into an activity, you start it or become involved in it.
The government refused to enter into negotiations.
fight back
If you fight back when someone or something attacks you or causes you problems, you defend yourself
and try to beat them or stop them.
Our troops were fighting back desperately.
force into
If you force someone into doing something, you make them do it, although they do not want to.
They are trying to force their employers into increasing their wages.5br vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y qipb
Political events

c / J‘ OO'? e&heS
When someone goes ahead with som ething which they planned or asked permission to do, they begin to
do it, and when a plan goes ahead, it begins.
They are going ahead with the project.
The meeting is going ahead as planned.
impose on
If you im pose som ething on people, you use your authority to force them to accept it.
The United Nations has imposed sanctions on the country.
The rule was imposed on small businesses.
I NOTE I You can also use im p o se u p o n .
lead to
If som ething leads to a situation or event, usually an unpleasant one, it causes it.
He warned yesterday that pay increases would lead to jo b losses.
pull out
If soldiers or an army pull out or if someone pulls them out, they leave a place.
Troops have begun to pull out o f the area.
The Prime Minister has said he intends to pull all 10,000 soldiers out by the end o f June.
The government has pulled out the army.
push for
If you push for som ething, you try to persuade other people to help you achieve it.
Unions were pushing for higher wages.
I n o t e I You can also use press for.
sort out
If you sort som ething out, you solve a problem, m isunderstanding, or disagreement.
It could take months to sort this mess out.
Officials from both sides are meeting today to sort out their differences.
Once this issue has sorted itself out, we'll be ready to start.
stand by
If you stand by, you allow som ething bad to happen without trying to do anything to stop it.
We cannot stand by and watch while our allies are attacked.
i n o t e I You can also use sit by.
stand for
S If a letter stands for a particular word or name, it is an abbreviation for that word or name.
EU stands for European Union.
\2\ If someone stands for som ething, they are a candidate in an election.
No one would stand for election.5e

tPUn EPi Pu& lfolt sn sn&P mlyd m2
e c & l n t B c s& GGGGGGGGGGG 6 rucf B riocc B c&lnt GGGGGGGGGGG
2 fight ___________ 6 e nte r/fo rce ___________
3 bring / crack / c la m p ___________ 7 go ___________
4 b rin g / e n g a g e ___________ 8 p u ll/ s o r t ------------------
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particles.
1 You can't ignore the situation much longer, You are going to have to deal by / with / in it.
2 We had no choice in the matter. The rules were imposed for / into / on us.
3 We've decided to go back / ahead / down with the plans to develop the business.
4 The management and the union have entered on / over / into negotiations over pensions.
5 The race has been cancelled. Several of the athletes have had to pull out / o ff / away because of ill health.
6 Does the abbreviation E.C. stand by / for / over European Commission or European Community?r z U dC •0 U :
Match the particles with the verbs to make phrasal verbs from this unit.Exercise 3
Match phrasal verbs 1 -8 with definitions A -H .
1
They would support military action to bring downA
take part in
the regime.
2The government wants to clamp down on crime.B
start or become involved in an activity
3Health professionals are now engaged in discussions.Ccause a government or ruler to lose their power
4
They are refusing to enter into any kind ofDmake someone do something when they do not
negotiations. want to
5We must fight back against corruption.E
start to be much stricter with people who are not
obeying laws
6The campaign was designed to force theF
try to persuade other people to help you achieve
Government into a referendum on the issue. something
7Military action is not the way to sort out this problem.G
solve a problem, misunderstanding, or disagreement
8We must push the Government for action.H
defend yourself and try to stop someone who
attacks you
Exercise 4
Com plete the headlines with the p articles in the box.
BACK IN DOWN BY INTO AHEAD
1 POLICE C R A C K
___________ ON CRIME
2 EU COUNTRIES TO EN TER
___________ NEW AGREEMENT
3 STUDENTS F IG H T
________ __ AGAINST INCREASE IN COLLEGE FEES
4 HEALTH CARE REFORMS TO G O
____________ NEXT YEAR
5 ENVIRONMENT MINISTER STA N D S
___________ HER VIEWS ON CLIMATE CHANGE
6 GOVERNMENTTO BRING
___________ NEW LAW AGAINST FRAUD
Exercise 5
Com plete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
bring in dealing with engage in pull ... out lead to im posed... on
1 Authorities are n o w
______________________ the situation.
2 At that time, the g o ve rn m en t
___________ restrictions __________ imports to protect the economy.
3 There is a possibility that the dispute c o u ld
______________________ war.
4 The government m a y
___________________________________________ tough new laws to combat criminals.
5 The prime minister w ill
_______________________ talks with the president during a three-day tour of the country.
6 Italy may decide t o
___________ troops ___ ________from the region.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Political events

c / J‘ OOi L h t B AF h x
Make these sentences sound less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.U0Eh 0nh YnIIOr 0nh B0 WCOWr bDBC h MW4v MEDRB DR M EDR B r 0 p R
a lCO mDIDhDW EOUY0RrOr M8 UW8DRB Dh p0nIr EOhWIDWhO WBWDRUh WR8 WhhW4vUd
5 lCO 40m YWR8 UWDr Dh 40nIr R0h YE04OOr pDhC hCO YIWR nRhDI YnMID4 40RbDrOR4O CWr MOOR EOUh0EOrd
) TO UWDr CO p0nIr p0Ev pDhC WR80RO pC0 pWRhOr h0 EOU0ILO hCO 40RbID4hd
f JWR8 YO0YIO p0nIr YEObOE h0 UOO hCO hE00YU p DhCrEWp Rd
G lCO EOWU0R b0E UORrDRB DR hCO hE00YU pWU h0 h0YYIO W LOE8 RWUh8 rD4hWh0E WRr mWvO hCO p0EIr W UWbOE YIW4Od
t lCO B0LOERm ORh pDII DRhE0rn4O hCO ROp IWpU ROzh m0RhCd
Exercise 7
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 We're cracking over hard on vigilante groups in general.
2 The new measures are designed to deal on immigration more effectively.
3 The agreement will lead with better relationships between the two countries.
4 The governm ent will not stand over and allow thieves to operate in this way.
5 NATO stands on North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
6 Cam paigners are pressing out a review of the current law.
7 The state dom inates the groups and imposes its directives under them.
8 The two countries are engaged out a border dispute.
Exercise 8
Read this com m ent from a political blog. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then in your own words, explain
what each one means.
: I entered into politics because I wanted to help shape the future of my country. As a politician, I see it as
: my jo b to push for change. But I don't want to impose changes upon anyone. I want to encourage people
: to e ngage in the political process, not to ju st stand by and watch it happening. That's why I'm standing for
: Governor of this city.
Y o u r tu rn !
Look for articles about political events in a
newspaper or online. Can you find any exam ples of
the phrasal verbs in this unit?&)

ftAbh
break in
If someone breaks in, they get into a building illegally or by force.
A thief broke in and forced open the locked safe in the library.
The police broke in and arrested all the men.
break into
If someone breaks into a room or a building, they enter it illegally or by force.
He broke into a shop one night and stole some food.
get away
When someone or something gets away, they escape.
The police followed the gang but they got away.
get away with
If you get away with something that you should not have done, you are not criticized or punished for
doing it.
No one should get away with such a crime.
get off
If you get off when you have done something wrong, or if someone gets you off, you are not punished
receive only a small punishment for what you have done.
She was sure that she would not get off so easily.
He hired a good lawyer who could get him off.
give up
CD If you give yourself up, you allow yourself to be arrested or captured.
He went straight to the local police station and gave himself up.
\2l To give someone up who is wanted by the police means to tell the police where that person is so that
they can be arrested.
They questioned her forcefully, but still she wouldn't give me up.
hand in
E If you hand something in, you give it to someone in authority.
She handed the money in, thinking it was probably stolen.
Someone handed in my phone after finding it on the bus.
® If you hand yourself in, you go to the police and tell them that you have committed a crime.
He walked into a police station and handed him self in.
hold up
To hold someone or something up means to rob them by threatening them with a weapon.
They held up a bank with sawn-off shotguns.
He held me up at gun point.5}r vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb Crime

c / J‘ OpIhk ?1k
If you let people or animals out, you allow them to leave a place, especially by opening a door.
The prisoners were let out o f their cells for an hour a day.
We let out the dogs so that they could get some exercise.
lock in
If you lock someone in or lock them in a place, you put them somewhere and lock the door so that they
cannot get out.
She pushed me into a room and locked me in.
They locked in the prisoners for the night.
The prisoners were locked in their cells for 23 hours a day.
pay for
If someone pays for som ething bad that they have done, they suffer or are punished because of it.
He must pay for all the crimes for which he is responsible.
resort to
If you resort to doing som ething that you do not think is right or acceptable, you do it because you
cannot see any other way of achieving what you want.
He had resorted to stealing to feed his children.
rip off
If someone rips you off, they cheat you by charging you too much money for som ething. [INFORMAL]
The local shopkeepers were all trying to rip o ff the tourists.
The court wastes my time and the lawyers rip me off!
run away
[2 If you run away, you leave a place or person by running.
The thief then ran away and jum ped into a car.
® If you run away, you secretly leave a place because you are unhappy.
When she was sixteen, she had an argument with her parents and ran away from home.
take in
E If the police take you in, they make you go with them to a police station in order to ask you questions or
arrest you.
The police took him in for questioning.
® If you are taken in by someone or if they take you in, they deceive or trick you.
I gave him the money before I realized I had been taken in.
I confess he completely took me in.
track down
If you track down someone or som ething, you find them after searching for some time.
The FBI is putting a lot o f effort into tracking down the criminals.
Soon the police tracked Charles down and arrested him.
1 NOTE You can also use h u n t do w nJ-

i L h tB AF h g
Match the particles with the verbs to make phrasal verbs from this unit.0bb DR WpW8 nY
a MEOWv ( CWRr ( I04v ( h W v O????
2 get /ru n
3 g iv e / h o ld
4 g e t / r ip
____
Exercise 2
Complete the sentences. Choose the correct particle.
1 Thieves managed to break a t/ to I in and steal thousands of dollars.
2 Fire fighters had to break into / onto / over the house to reach the family.
3 Erik said he would never give himself on I out / up to the police.
4 Carlos went to the nearest police station and handed the money on / in / into.
5 A bank was held u p/ o u t/ in yesterday by three masked men.
6 He paid over/ under/ for his crime with twenty years in prison.
7 Evans managed to run with / away / into before the police arrived.
8 We are working hard to track down / out / up these cyber criminals.
Exercise 3
Decide if the following sentences are true (7") or false (F).
1 If someone gets away, they escape. □
2 If you get off when you have done something wrong, you are punished severely. □
3 If you let someone out, you allow them to leave a place. □
4 If you lock someone in, you put them somewhere and lock the door. □
5 If you resort to doing something that you do not think is right, you do it because you cannot see any other
way of achieving what you want. □
6 If someone rips you off, they do not charge you any money for something. □
7 If you hunt down someone, you find them after searching for some time. □
8 If the police take you in, they allow you to leave a place. □
Exercise 4
Match sentence halves 1 -8 with A -H to make complete sentences.
1 How did the robbers A decided to give himself up.
2 You will never get away B out of prison?
3After several hours, the gunman
Cthese crimes with a long prison sentence.
4 The man held
Dsold you the car ripped you off.
5Do you think they will ever be let E manage to break in?
6 He may have to pay for F to crime to make money.
7
They say they were forced to resort G with this crime!
81 think the man who
H up a department store yesterday afternoon.
Exercise 5
Complete the sentences with the phrasal verbs in the box.
got away handed ... in running away locked ... in broke into g e t ... off
1 So m e o ne
______________________ the office and stole the computer.
2 The b o y s
______________________ before she had a chance to call the police.
3 His lawyer said that given the seriousness of the crime, it would not be easy t o
___________ him
4 She found a purse a n d
___________ i t ____________to the hotel reception.
5 The sh e riff
___________ h im ____________a cell overnight.
6 He hated his stepfather and thought a b o u t
______________________ from home.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0
Crime

c / J‘ Opi L h t B AF h x
Match phrasal verbs 1 -6 with a word or phrase A - F with the same meaning.a
HCO pWU hWvOR DR M8 hCO 4EDmDRWI"U YOEUnWUDLO hW4hD4Ud
k 4COWh
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j bDRr
) a 4WR"h MOIDOLO CO B0h WpW8 pDhC Un4C rDUC0ROUh8d
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: UOh bEOO
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t
kbhOE W UC0Eh hDmO DR YEDU0R9 CO pWU IOh 0nhd 2 pWUR"h 4WnBCh 0E YnRDUCOr b0E
Ex e rcise 7
Com plete the news headlines. Write the correct particle.
1 WOMAN T A K E N____________ BY FRAUDSTER
2 BANKS ARE R IP P IN G
___________ THEIR CUSTOMERS
3 THIEF WILL P A Y
___ ________CRIME, IN JA IL
4 FATHER GIVES _ _ _ _ _ SON TO POLICE
5 DANGEROUS CRIMINAL H U N TED
___________ BY LOCAL POLICE
6 BOY, 14, R U N S
_______________ FROM HOME
Ex e rcise 8
Read the news report. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then answer the questions.
: A man who held up a bank in the city centre has been arrested by police. The man locked staff in a store room
; while he attempted to break into the safe. When the safe would not open, he tried to run away. But police
• arrived in time to stop him. Police chief Dean Sanchez said: 'He was foolish to think he could get away with
: this.'Three other men have been taken in for questioning.
1 What did the man try to rob?
2 Why could staff not leave the store room?
3 What did he try to enter illegally?
4 Why did he try to leave?
5 What was the man foolish to think?
6 How many other men have police taken to the police station?
Y o u r tu rn !
Loo k for news stories about crime in a newspaper
or online. Can you find any exam ples of the
phrasal verbs in th is unit?
1+didn’t take lowj to track down the criminal&o

sAFeFkht euS ShFkt1BkA?u
blow away
□J If something blows away or if the wind blows it away, the wind moves it away from the place where it was.
There was a massive storm one night and our shed blew away.
The wind blew his papers away.
My hat was blown away.
blow up
If you blow something up or if it blows up, it is destroyed by an explosion.
He was going to blow the place up.
The gunmen were threatening to blow up the embassy.
One of the submarines blew up and sank.
break down
5 When a machine or a vehicle breaks down, it stops working.
His car broke down on the motorway.
To break down something such as a door or wall means to hit it hard so that it breaks and falls to the
ground.
Water had flooded their homes and broken down the walls.
Police broke the door down.
I NOTE I You can also use sm ash dow n.
breakout
If something unpleasant breaks out, it begins suddenly.
A fire broke out on the third floor.
cut off
HI If a person or place is cut off, they are separated from other people and places.
The town was cut off by the floods.
EH To cut off the supply of something means to stop it.
The hurricane cut off electricity to at least 3.5 million people.
Gas supplies have now been cut off.
fall down
E If someone or something falls down when they have been in an upright position, they drop to the
ground.
A tree fell down during the storm.
EH If something such as a building or bridge falls down, it breaks into pieces because it is old, weak, or
damaged.
That shelter might fall down if the rain comes back.Pur vij vm X v N i Wtiebe? Y q ipb Disaster and destruction

c / J‘ O y'? ?88
If a gun goes off, it is fired and if a bomb goes off, it explodes.
Somebody's gun went off by mistake.
k n o c k o u t
2 To knock someone out means to cause them to become unconscious or to fall asleep.
The explosion hurt no one, except that it knocked out Colonel Lacour.
He must have fallen and knocked himself out.
n o t e! The opposite o f k n o ck o u t is b rin g ro u n d .
E To knock som ething out means to destroy or dam age it and stop it from w orking properly.
A huge storm had knocked all the power out.
Lightning knocked out the city's power grid.
put out
If you put out som ething that is burning, you cause it to stop burning.
He put the fire out.
The fire was put out very quickly.
reduce to
If som ething, especially a building or a city, is reduced to a state where it is broken or destroyed or if
someone reduces it to this state, someone or som ething breaks or destroys it.
Every building in the town was reduced to rubble.
The fire reduced the house to dust.
run out
E If you run out of som ething, you have no more of it left.
We were rapidly running out o f medical supplies.
E If som ething runs out, it becomes used up so that there is no more left.
There was no water, and food was running out.
run over
If a vehicle or its driver runs over someone or som ething, the vehicle hits them or drives over them,
causing injury or damage.
We almost ran over a cat that was crossing the road.
I'm sure he would have run us over.
!~n o t e1 You can also use ru n dow n and k n o ck dow n.
wipe out
To wipe someone or som ething out means to destroy or get rid of them completely.
Epidemics wiped out the local population.
Illegal hunting could wipe the animals out.
write off
If someone writes off a vehicle or other machine, they damage it so badly that it is not worth repairing. [BRITISH]
She had crashed the car twice, writing it off completely the second time.
He wrote o ff the car and left a passenger with two broken legs.oo

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Complete the news headlines with the particles in the box.Exercise 2
Match phrasal verbs 1 -8 with definitions A -H .
1Some tents were blown away in the storm.Ahit or drive over someone, causing injury
2The fire broke out on the fifteenth floor.Bhave no more of something left
3An earthquake caused the buildings to fall down.Cexplode
4A bomb went off in the building last night.Ddamage a vehicle so it is not worth repairing
5The fumes from the fire knocked her out for a short time.Ecause someone to become unconscious
6We need to use less water, otherwise we might run out.Fbreak into pieces due to being old, weak, or damaged
7He was run over by a bus and injured.Gbegin suddenly
8The car was completely written off in the accident.Hbe moved away from a place by the wind
Exercise 3
Make these sentences less formal. Replace the underlined verbs with the phrasal verbs in the box.
put out ru n o u t blew up smash down w ip e o u t going off
1 They had to demolish the door to get access to the apartment.
2 It took them four hours to extinguish the fire.
3 Scientists are trying to eradicate the disease.
4 A car was destroyed in the explosion.
5 Police managed to stop the bomb exploding last night.
6 The town's food supplies are starting to decrease.
Exercise 4
Match questions 1 -8 with replies A -H .
1 Who was injured in the explosion? A Yes, the storm knocked out our electricity.
2 When did the war break out? B Many buildings fell down as a result of it.
3 Was this area affected by the floods? C Yes, someone was knocked down by a car.
4 What kind of damage was caused by the earthquake? D No one was injured. But a car was blown up.
5 Did you lose your power supply during the storm? E It started about a year ago.
6 What happened to the building during the hurricane? F Yes, the flood water completely cut off parts of the town.
7 Was there an accident on this road earlier? G No, but the other car was badly damaged.
8 Did you write off your car in the accident? H It was completely reduced to rubble.
Exercise 5
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences.
1 The wind blew up all the papers on my desk.
2 My car broke out on the way to work.
3 After the petrol shortage, petrol supplies have all run down.
4 The earthquake caused large parts of the building to fall through.
5 It took fire fighters several days to put off the fire.
6 She wrote away the car when she crashed into a wall.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Disaster and destruction

c / J‘ Oyiu n t P U n W P P E E mioldt PU n m JP U u r mJPU lUl2 iotuyo &P
e ‘untiotc Uoio JoE& fPboJocc lE&oi c&P ib cGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGG&fosi fPucocS
2 The boat w a s__________ _______ fifty years ago by a torpedo.
3 Last night the t r a in
_________________ leaving passengers stuck for eight hours.
4 The old wooden shed w a s __________________a pile of wood by the storm.
5 She thought she could hear the sound of a g u n __________________in the distance.
6 A man w a s __________________by a bus while trying to cross the road.
Ex e rcise 7
Choose the best answers.
1 What breaks out?
A a fire B the wind
2 What usually blows som ething away?
A an explosion B the wind
3 What breaks down?
A a building B a vehicle
4 What falls down during a storm?
A a road B the wind
5 What can be written off?
A a letter B a building
6 What can be put out?
A fire B war
Exercise 8
Read the news story. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then decide if the sentences that follow are true (7") or
false (F).
I F O R E S T F IR E S U N D ER C O N T R O L
: A forest fire that broke out on a farm three days ago is now under control. Firefighters were running out of
• water supplies yesterday, but helicopters brought extra supplies today to help put out the blaze. Huge areas
: of forest have been wiped out by the fire. Many farm buildings were also reduced to rubble. Fortunately the
: fire did not spread to a nearby town, which could have cut the town off from firefighters.
1 The fire started on a farm. □
2 Firefighters did not have enough water supplies
yesterday. □
3 They have still not stopped the fire burning. □
4 Large areas of forest were destroyed by the fire. □
5 No buildings were dam aged. □
6 A nearby town was separated from the
firefighters by the fire. □
Y o u r tu rn !
Look for news stories about an accident or
disaster in a newspaper or online. Can you find
any exam ples of the phrasal verbs in this unit?E x e r c is e 6
Com plete the sentences with the correct form of the phrasal verbs in the box.c W 4WE
c W MWII00R
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c WR OzYI0UD0Rasa

,hIUAu' euS thB?dhtAu'
carry on
E If you carry on, you continue doing an activity.
We are determined to carry on with our work.
■ NOTE I You can also use go on.
E If you carry on when you are in a difficult or unpleasant situation, you manage to continue with your
normal, everyday activities.
Some people carry on as if nothing has happened.
I n o t e I You can also use go on.
clean up
E If you clean up something that is dirty or untidy, you get rid of it by wiping, sweeping, etc.
Anne cleaned up the house and sat at the kitchen table.
E If you clean up or clean up a place or person, you clean them.
Consider for a moment the costs o f cleaning up rivers and beaches.
NOTE I You can also use clear up.
get through
E If you get through a task, you succeed in finishing it.
I got though a lot o f work this morning.
E If you get through a difficult experience, or someone or something gets you through it, you survive it.
I ju st have to get through the next few months and then it'll be fine.
help out
If you help out or help someone out, you do something to help someone.
My sister helps out with the kids a lot.
hold on
E If you hold on, you hold something firmly, especially to stop yourself from falling.
I grabbed the railing and held on.
E If you hold on, you manage to continue in a difficult situation.
If you hold on, things will get better eventually.
i n o t e ! The opposite o f h o ld o n is give up.
hold on to
E If you hold on to something that is in your hand, you grip it tightly so that it cannot fall or cannot be
taken away from you.
She walked slowly down the steps, holding on to the hand-rail.
1 n o t e You can also use h o ld onto.
E If you hold on to someone, you keep your arms around them.
She held on to him for support.
I n o t e 1 You can also use h o ld onto.!NH W ork on y o u r Phrasal V erbs Helping and recovering

c / J‘ O3NhhU ?u
If you keep on, or keep on doing som ething, you continue doing som ething and do not stop.
My hands were shaking but I kept on.
I kept on running until I had reached the house.
[NOTE] You can also use c a rry on.
look after
If you look after someone or something, you take care of them and make sure they have what they need.
My mother looks after the baby during the week.
leave behind
If you leave something behind, you stop having a past feeling or experience and progress to something new.
This is your chance to leave the past behind and make a new start.
It can be hard to leave behind these bad experiences.
live with
If you have to live with som ething unpleasant, you have to accept it and carry on with your life or work.
The jo b involved a lot o f stress, but I learnt to live with it.
I n o t e You can also use p u t u p w ith . This is m ore informal.
protect from
To protect someone or som ething from som ething bad or harmful means to prevent it from happening or
having a harmful effect.
The soldiers were there to protect their country from invasion.
Make sure you cover up and protect yourself from the sun.
I n o t e | You can also use p ro te c t against.
settle down
If som ething settles down, it becomes calmer or stops changing.
When things settle down a bit you'll have to come and visit us.
I n o t e i You can also use calm dow n.
take in
If you take someone in, you allow them to live at your house or in your country.
After the hurricane, neighbours offered to take homeless families in.
Governments in the region may have to take in large numbers o f refugees.
turn around
If someone or som ething turns your life around or if it turns around, it changes completely, usually
becom ing better.
An opportunity like this could turn your entire life around.
The organization helps people turn around their lives.
My life turned around when I met Tom.ebF

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Match the particles with the verbs to make phrasal verbs from this unit.Exercise 2
Match sentence halves 1 -6 with A -F to make complete definitions.
1 If you clean up a place or person,Ayou stop having a past feeling and progress to
something new.
2 If you hold on to someone,B you take care of them.
3If you leave something behind,Cyou make them cleaner.
4 If you look after someone or something,Dit becomes calmer or stops changing.
5If something settles down,Eyou allow them to live at your house or in your country.
6If you take someone in,Fyou keep your arms around them.
Exercise 3
Decide if the sentences are true (T) or false (F).
1 If something turns your life around, it changes your life for the worse. □
2 If you look after something, you ignore it. □
3 If something gets you through a difficult situation, it helps you cope. □
4 If you carry on in a difficult situation, you stop living your life normally. □
5 If things settle down, they become calmer. □
6 If you hold on to something, you give it to someone else. □
Exercise 4
Complete the book titles with the particles in the box.
BEHIND WITH | AROUND | OUT FROM AFTER
1 HOWTO TURN YOUR L IF E
___________
2 LEAVING YOUR P A ST ___________
3 LO O KIN G ___________ YOUR NEW BABY
4 LIV IN G
___________ STRESS
5 PROTECTING Y O U R S E LF
___________ HARM
6 H E LPIN G
___________ : A GUIDE TO CHARITY WORK
Exercise 5
Replace the underlined verbs with a phrasal verb from the box with the same meaning.
settled down live with kept on held on to cle a n u p p ro te c t... from
1 It took us hours to clear up the mess the children had made.
2 You need to take measures to protect yourself against skin cancer.
3 Qiang doesn't like going to the dentist, but he can put up with it.
4 She held onto his hand as they walked up the hill.
5 I carried on walking along the street.
6 Life has calmed down more now that we've moved away from the city.104a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df 0 Helping and recovering

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3 5 @u c& tPnL& dnPU fPU UoLio W P sn W &P Wo& lfolt &fsc tsEEsyuJ& &sboS
C 5E &foioLc ln2&fsnW 5 yln tP &P foJr sn9 @u c& Jo& bo dnPUS
8 IfsnWc UsJJ Wo& mo&&oi 1 'Pu @u c& noot &P door fPJtsnW PaoiM
6 qlisP iolJJ2 Uln&ot &P Jolao fsc rlc& lfolt lnt bPao Pn Us&f JsEoS
k 5 PEEoiot &P JPPd untoi ‘oJonLc yfsJtion UfsJo cfoLc sn fPcrs&lJS
? NE&oi l EoU fPuic9 fsc c&Pblyf co&&Jot Paoi lnt fo l&o l clntUsyfS
P Ifo2 &PPd l& l fPboJocc yPurJo EPi l Uood UfsJo &fo2 JPPdot EPi l rJlyo &P c&l2S
Exercise 7
Read Oliver's story. Underline all the phrasal verbs, then match them with definitions 1 -6 .E x e r c is e 6
Correct the phrasal verbs in these sentences..COR y pWU 80nRBOE9 y pWU C0mOIOUU WRr CWr R0pCOEO h0 B0d y MO4WmO rOYEOUUOrd lCOR y mOh H0YCDO WRr hCWh
hnEROr m8 IDbO WE0nRrd .O MO4WmO bEDORrU WRr UCO h00v mO DR WRr IOh mO IDLO DR COE C0nUOd HCO I00vOr WbhOE
mO WRr OLOR COIYOr mO 0nh pDhC hCDRBU IDvO m0RO8d HCO COIYOr mO BOh hCE0nBC m8 rOYEOUUD0R WRr R0p y
EOWII8 bOOI IDvO y"LO IObh hCWh YWEh 0b m8 IDbO MOCDRrd
a Uh0YYOr CWLDRB W YWUh bOOIDRB WRr YE0BEOUUOr h0 U0m OhCDRB ROp
5 h00v 4WEO 0b mO
) UnELDLO U0m OhCDRB
f rDr U0m OhCDRB h0 COIY mO
G 4CWRBOr m8 IDbO 40m YIOhOI8 WRr mWrO Dh MOhhOE
t WII0pOr mO h0 IDLO Wh COE C0nUO
Exercise 8
Com plete the sentences with the correct forms of phrasal verbs from this unit.
If I can find someone t o .
my baby tonight, I can come to the cinema with you.
I hope you'll be happy in your new home! When you've unpacked and things h a v e .
come and visit.
When you're clim bin g up the m o u n tain ,___________ the rope tightly.
The post office is ju st ahead of you, at the end of this street. J u s t
_______
_, I'd love to
_______ and you'll see it, on your right.
It was a great party - but the room is a mess! It'll take us a long time t o
___________ We'd better start now.
When our son left home to go to university, w e
___________ a lodger. It helped pay the rent and made the
house feel less empty without him.
Y o u r tu rn !
Can you th in k o f someone or som ething that has
helped you at some time in your life? Use the
phrasal verbs in this unit to talk about them. For
example:
My sister looked after me when I was sick.
The book helped me get through a difficult time
in my life.
him t h r o u g h "this o r d e a l.+H.

Appendix 1 Learning phrasal verbs
There are lots of things you can do to make learning and remembering phrasal verbs easier. Below are
some tips to help you do this.
Learning phrasal verbs as single units o f meaning
While phrasal verbs are combinations of two or three words, it is helpful when you are learning them to
think about them as single units of meaning.
phrasal verb
m eaning
opt fordecide to do or have a particular thing
cut b a ck onreduce the money that you spend on something
ta lk intopersuade someone to do something
Using phrasal verbs in full sentences
If you write down full sentences containing the phrasal verb this will help you remember what it means
and how to use it correctly. The example sentences given in this book will help you see clearly how a
phrasal verb is used.
phrasal verb fu ll sentence exam ple
opt forUnsure what to studv at university, she eventuallv opted for Law.
cut b a ck onThe aovernment has had to cut back on public spendina.
ta lk intoShe talked me into takina a week's holiday.
Grouping phrasal verbs by topic
Learning phrasal verbs by topic, as they are arranged in this book, will help you remember them. When
you are making a note of phrasal verbs, it may be helpful to group them under topics that relate to your
own life, for example your job or your personal interests.
phrasal verb to p ic
opt forStudying and learning
cut b a ck onMoney and spending
ta lk intoDiscussions
Remembering phrasal verbs with images or stories
A good way to help you remember a phrasal verb is to imagine an image or story that illustrates it. For
example, the phrasal verb step down means to leave an important job or position. To help you remember
this, you could imagine a company boss standing above all the workers on a stepladder, and then
stepping down onto the floor and walking away.
Identifying phrasal verbs in context
Look out for phrasal verbs when you are:
• reading a book or article
• watching a film or TV programme
• looking at a website.
Pay attention to how the phrasal verb is used and in what kind of situation. Make a note about this to help
you remember the right context in which to use the phrasal verb.a 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R Udf0 Appendices

Appendix 2 U nderstanding com m on particlesz r r T h ] Ck T N , ! h ] q3 mvnieip donw te i alf wtuistlu lI i donw iuE is poies luo minstapo] TuEonesiuEtu. elfo lI svo wieta
f oiutu.e lI minstapoe aiu vopm 9lh sl huEonesiuE svo f oiutu.e lI mvnieip donwe] 9lfo alfflu minstapoe
ino up, down, on, off, in, out, away, back, for, from, into, over, through and with. Below you will find the basic
m eanings of these common particles, with examples of phrasal verbs from this book.
p article
AWAY
m eaning
m oving to a different place
transferring or taking
som ething to a different placegetting rid of or destroying
something
exam ple• go away
• give away
• blow away
• get away
• run away• take away
• th ro w a w a y
p article
BA CK
m e aning
returning to a place where you were before
controlling or suppressing som ething
exam ple• come b ack
• cut b ac k on
• go b ack
• hold b ack
• turn b ack
p article
FOR
m e aningto state a reason,
cause, purpose, or aim
exam ple• go for
• look for
• ask for
• head for
• make for
• call for
• hope for
• opt for
• care for
• try for
• stand for
• plan for
p article
FROM
m e aningto talk about sources or origins
separating or preventing
exam ple• come from
• keep from
• result from
• protect from
• hear fromPOE

U etkABIh
IN
OUT
m eaningentering or arriving at a place
leaving a place
exam ple• check in• w a lk o u t
• move in• ch e c k o u t
• come in• get out
particle
INOUT
m eaningbeing involved and activeexcluding, preventing or removing
e xam ple• join in• pull out
• step in• talk o u t of
• engage in• keep out
particle
INOUT
m eaningremaining somewhere, especially at homelocations outside and away from home
exam ple• eat in• eat out
• stay in• go out
• stop in• hang out
particle
I N T O
m eaninginvolvement in an activitypersuading and forcing someone
exam ple• look into• force into
• get into• talk into
• enter into
particle
ON OFF
m eaningmovement into something or movement out of or away from
somewhere something or somewhere
exam ple• get on• get off
• call on• go off
• come on• set off
p article
ONOFF
m eaningadding or attaching something removing or disposing of something you
no longer need or want
exam ple• put on• take off
• try on• pull off
• have on• pay off
particle
ON OFF
m eaningcontinuing to do something stopping or cancelling something
exam ple• carry on
• call off
• hold on• switch off
• keep on• turn offW ork on y o u r Phrasal V e rbs Appendices

T U U h u S AL OU etkABIh
O V E R
m eaning
m oving across a surface
ch anging or transferring som ething
exam ple• come over
• hand over
• go over
• take over
• pull over
• win over
p article
T H R O U G H
m e aning
passing from one side of som ething to
com pleting som ething
another
exam ple• come th ro u g h
• get th ro u g h
• go th ro u g h
• run th ro u g h
p article
UP
DOWN
m e aning
movement from a lower position or place
movement from a higher position or
to a higher one
place to a lower one
exam ple
• get up
• fall down
• move up
• lay down
• stand up
• sit down
p article
UP
DOWN
m e aning
an increase in size, amount, or intensity
a decrease in size, amount, or intensity
exam ple• grow up
• go down
• build up
• calm down
• speed up
• slow down
p article
UP
DOWN
m e aning
som ething is starting or being prepared
som ething is collapsing, being cut, or
destroyed
exam ple• get up
• k n o c k d o w n
• sta rtu p
• b re akd ow n
• set up
• smash down
p article
WITH
m eaning
connections, associations, or
relationshipssupporting som ething
exam ple• deal with
• agree with
• finish with
• stick withLep

Appendix 3 Com m on nouns used with phrasal verbs
There are certain nouns which are commonly used together with certain phrasal verbs. It can be helpful to
make a note of these as you come across them. You will find lots of examples of these in this book, in the
examples given after each phrasal verb meaning. Some common noun and phrasal verb collocations are
given below. Note that it is often necessary to add an article (a/an or the) between the phrasal verb and
the noun, for example: bring about an improvement) call off the strike: carry out an investigation.
p hrasal verbnoun co llocatio ns e xam ples
b rin g about• change
• improvement
• peace
• reformNew medication brought about a great
improvement in her condition.
Havina children brinqs about huae chanaes
for any couple.
call off• search
• strike
• protest
• visitUnion leaders have agreed to call o ff the
strike.
He has called o ff his visit to Texas.
carry out• examination
• experiment
• investigation
• searchExperts are carrvina out an investiaation
into the accident.
Officers carried out a search o f all the cells.
come under• attack
• criticism
• pressure
• strainHer policies have come under a lot of
criticism.
He came under a lot of pressure to resian.
come up with• answer
• suggestion
• excuse
• theoryEvery week he comes up with a new excuse
for being late.
She came up with a aood theorv about whv
these children are hard to teach.
deal with• issue
• problem
• incident
• complaintMv iob is to deal with complaints from
customers.
Police were called to deal with the incident.
enter into• agreement
• alliance
• arrangement
• partnershipThev entered into a Iona-term aareement to
rent the property.
His partv entered into an alliance with the
socialists.
face up to• truth
• fact
• reality
• responsibilityHe decided to return home and face up to
his responsibilities.
1 had to face up to the fact that 1 might
never see him again.
find out• truth
• answer
• information
• cause\Ne eventually found out the truth about
what happened.
Where can 1 find out the information 1 need?eeb W ork on y o u r Phrasal V e rbs Appendices

T U U h u S AL pU&teFeI dhtE
u?1u B? II? BekA? u F
hLeb UIh F
ge t over• shock
He never oof o v e r the death o f his wife.
• death
• disappointm ent
• surpriseShe didn't win, but she g o t o v e r her
disappointment fairlv quicklv.
lay off• employee
We were forced to la y o f f staff.
• staff
• workerThe factory has l a id o f f h a lf its workers.
make up• bulk
Household waste m a k e s up a small
• majorityproportion o f the total.
• rest
• proportionFamily law m a k e s up the bulk o f my work.
pass on• messageDavid p a s s e d o n vour messaae to me.
• tip
• information
• knowledgeWe p a s s e d on all the information we had to
the police.
pay off• money
We used the monev to paw o f f our debts.
• debt
• loanWe soon p a id o f f the loan.
• m ortgage
put forw ard• idea
Thev p u t f o rw a rd a proposal to build a new
• proposal
bridge.
• argument
• suggestionShe p u t f o r w a r d the araument that torture
is wrong in any circumstance.
sell off• assets
They were forced to s e ll o f f most o f their
• land
assets.
• property
• businessWe s o ld o f f our business.
set up• businessHe has plans to s e t u d his own business.
• com pany
• commission
• meetingThe aovernment has s e t u p a commission to
investigate the affair.
take out• m ortgage
We t o o k o u t a loan to buy the car.
• loan
• insuranceShe t o o k o u t a lease on a buildina in the citv
centre.
• lease
w ork out• compromise
There was disagreement over the money, but
• solution
eventually thev w o rk e d o u t a compromise.
• details
• arrangementWe w o rk e d o u t an arranaement to cover the
holiday period.

T u F j h t N h 5
1 Basic actions
2 Actions with an object
Exercise 1 Exercise 1
1 E
3 B
5 D1 D
3 B 5 E
2 C
4 A 2 F 4
A 6 C
Exercise 2
Exercise 2
1 back
3 back 5 on1 up4
at 7 down
2 in
4 into6 in2 back
5
on 8 up
Exercise 3
3 into6together
1 D
3 E5 B
Exercise 3
2 C 4 F6 A
1 F 4
T 7 T
Exercise 4
2 T 5
F 8 F
1 D 3 B
3 F6F
2 A 4 D
Exercise 4
Exercise 5
1 C
3 A 5 E
1 sat down 4 laid the book down
2 D 4 B
2 stood up 5 ran out
Exercise 5
3 got up6get out
1 E
3 F 5 A
Exercise 6
2 B
4 C 6 D
1 got out 4 moving up
Exercise 6
2 get up
5 laid (it) down 1 E
3 F 5 D
3 ran in
6 got off2 C
4 B 6 A
Exercise 7
Exercise 7
1 turn back
4 go back
1 let in
4 put together
2 go into
5 get up
2 put back
5 throw away
3 move down
6sit down
3 lit up
6 looking for
Exercise 8
Exercise 8
SKI SAFELY!
• 1 arrived very late at the hotel last night, and the doors
You must always sit down while using the chairlift.
If you fall down on the slope, or if you fall from the
chairlift, do not get up too quickly.
If you fall from the chair lift, keep vour head down
until it is safe to stand up again.
If you think you may be injured, jay your skis down on
the ground and wait for help.
Always stay with another person. Do not go off on
your own.
If it starts to snow heavily, you should consider
turning back.
1F
4 T
2F
5F
3F
6Fwere locked. Thankfully one of the hotel workers let
me in!
• I wasn't sure at first how to turn on the shower in the
hotel. Then I spent half an hour looking for the switch
to turn it off!
• Tokyo looks amazing! At night the city is completely
lit up with neon lights.
• It's great that I can just gut a coin in the machine and
then choose a hot or ice cold coffee!
1 One of the hotel workers let Jessica into the hotel.
2 She couldn't let herself in because the doors were
locked.
3 She had difficulty turning on the shower.
4 It took her half an hour to turn the shower off.
5 Neon lights light up the city at night.
6 She needs to put a coin in the machine to get a coffee.PPCW ork o n y o u r Phrasal V erbs Answer key

T u Fj h t N h 5 Units 1 -5w Tek1f1no sn: chsn•1Exercise 2
1 on
4
out
Exercise 1
2 back
5 down
1 up3
back 5 back
3 back
6
to
2 out4
along 6up
Exercise 3
Exercise 2
1 C 3 F
5
1 C3 F 5
E
2 A
4 B
6
2 A 4
D 6
B
Exercise 4
Exercise 3
1 A
3 E
5
1 T3
F 5
F
2 D
4 C
6
2 T 4
T 6
F
Exercise 5
E xercise 4
1 get back to4
hang on
1 come through
4 coming up
2 make out 5 talk to
2 came in
5 made for
3 called (Stefan) back6
call up
6 returned to
3 B
4 A4 started out
5 get (it) back
4 ended up
5 make for
6 return to
5 F
6 C 3 coming off
E xercise 5
1 come back
2 went over
3 coming along
Exercise 6
1 brought up
2 come off
3 started out
Exercise 7
1 E
2 D
Exercise 8
i grew up in a small village. When I was still young, my
father didn't come back from the war, so my mother
had to bring me ujd on her own. When I was older, I
had to leave my mother behind to look for work in the
city. But I knew I could return to the village to visit my
family and friends. When I started out living in the city,
I had no money. But now I have my own small software
company, and the business is really coming along. In
fact I've just bought a new house and I can't wait to
move in!
1 Reza grew up in a small village.
2 His father didn't come back from the war.
3 His mother brought Reza up.
4 Reza had to leave his mother behind to look for work in
the city.
5 Yes, it is.
6 No, he isn't.Exercise 6
1 telephone someone = called vou up
2 say you would like to have something = ask you for
3 manage to hear something = make out
4 telephone someone for a second time = call me back
5 contact someone again after a short time = getting back
to me
6 have a conversation with someone = talk to
Exercise 7
1 make out 4 hanging on
2 turn down 5 hold back
3 come back to 6 put (it) to
Exercise 8
I'd like to make a complaint about your customer service.
I was told that if there was a problem with my order, I
should call up the customer service department and talk
to someone about it. Well, when someone eventually
answered the phone, I was told to hold on while they
found my order details. After half an hour of hanging on.
nobody had got back to me, so I ended the conversation. I
was hoping to hear from you again but nobody has called
me back yet. I might have to put my complaint to them in
writing now.
1 The caller wanted to have a conversation with
someone in the customer service department.
2 The caller had to hold on.
3 The caller had half an hour before ending the phone call.
4 The caller expected that someone would call back.
5 No, the caller hadn't had any response from anyone.
6 The caller intends to write a letter of complaint.
4 Communication
E xercise 1
1back to 4 back
2for 5 for
3 back to6back5 Giving information
Exercise 1
1
with4
out7
2
off5
to8
3 up with6
upaa)

iLhtBAFh O
g T p i 3 f
O s y W x .
i LhtBAFh p
g f y T 7 ,
O i 3 8 2 6
p s x W
i LhtBAFh y
g jtAkhF Au
O EtAu' 1U
p Eh'Au jAk&
Exercise 5
1 The findings are based on five years of scientific
research.
2 Ahmed had come up with another good idea.
3 All confidential details have been cut out of the
report.
4 Dana didn't want to leave out any important details.
5 I would sum up the show as dull and predictable.
6 She refers to him as her partner.
E xercise 64 referred to
5 sums the job up
6 started off
4 come up with
5 put forward
6 started off
4 put forward
5 cut out
6 leave out 1 wrote (the answer) in
2 began with
3 based on
Exercise 7
1 sums up
2 dealt with
3 based on
Exercise 8
Your report should be based on factual evidence. Begin
with a short introduction in which you put forward your
main argument. You can leave out smaller details at this
point. Then move onto your first topic. Try to come up
with at least three topics which deal with different areas.
If there are more than five areas, you may wish to cut
out some of them or refer to them only briefly. To finish
your report, sum up the main points and give a short
conclusion.
I F 4 T 7 F
2 F 5 T 8 F
3 T 6 T
6 Planning and organizing
Exercise 1
1 up
E xercise 2
1 out
2 about2 out
3 up
4 off3 on
5 for
6 on4 into5 A
5 B
6 E Exercise 3
I B 3 E
2 D 4 C
Exercise 4
I D 3 A
2 C 4 F
Exercise 5
1 finish
2 find out more or do more about it
3 are
4 unsuitable
5 unreliable
6 unexpected
Exercise 6
1 fit me in 3 windup 5 start on
2 aimed at 4 turnout 6 go about
Exercise 7
1 followed up 3 run into 5 turn out
2 go about 4 set out 6 set out
Exercise 8
1 go about = start to deal with something
2 start on = begin to do something
3 line up = arrange to be ready
4 relv on = expect something to happen
5 wind up = end up
6 pull it off = do it successfully
7 Discussions
Exercise 1
1 down 3 by 5 out to 7 to
2 down to 4 into 6 out of 8 back on
Exercise 2
1 I didn't want to go out after work, but my colleagues
insisted on it.
2 The guide pointed out all the places of interest along
the journey.
3 Okay, I'll join the committee. I didn't want to, but
you've managed to talk me into it!
4 She won the interviewers over with her excellent
presentation.
5 Nobody agrees with the manager's decision, but he
refuses to back down.
6 When it comes round to working overtime, everyone
wants to make their opinions heard.
7 She had strong beliefs and always stood by her
decisions.
8 I can't go back on mv word.aaf W ork o n y o u r Phrasal V erbs Answer key

T u Fj h t N h 5 Units 5 - 9r zUdC•0U +
2 )16Ct
q0U66TU
: N
+ i 2 g
6 messed
8give
2 C 4 A
6 E
Exercise 2
Exercise 4
1 out
3 down 5up
1 T 3 F
5 T
2 with
4 to
6for
2 F 4 T
6 T
E xercise 3
Exercise 5
1 D
3F
5B
1 B 4 E
7 H
2 A
4 C
6E
2 C
5 F
8 G
Exercise 4
3 D
6 A
1 D
3A
5B
Exercise 6
2 E 4F
6C
1 pointed out
Exercise 5
2 listen to
1 OVER
3OUT
5OVER
3 go into
2 OUT 4 TO
6OUT
4 backed (his argument) up
Exercise 6
5 talk (her) out of (it)1 come on
5stick to
6 talked (me) into (doing it)2 watch out
6mess up
Exercise 73 keep to
7settle (her) down
Jo sh : 1 aaree with most of the points the author makes.
4 keep from
8given up
but not all of them. Exercise 7
Ryan: He didn't win me over with his argument at all. •, pU||ed (me) over 4 stick with
He just didn't back up any of his claims with facts or
2 step up 5 Come on
research. r ^
Josh: But if vou listen to what he said about how 3 ^eeP ^rom
technology has changed society, you have to agree with Exercise 8
him.
Dear Ali,
Ryan: No, for me it all comes down to money - that's
Mv parents have alwavs encouraaed me to trv for
what really matters. ’ ’ a —*■—
medical school, but I think I may have messed up the
1 No, e doesn t. entrance exam. I just don't know who to turn to for help
2 No, he doesn't. or what to do next. Can you help?
3 He thinks the author failed to back up his claims with Ja ck
facts or research.
4 He agrees with the author on how technology has Dear Jack,
changed society. Don't let one failure keep vou from doing what you want
5 Money is the most important issue for Ryan. t0 d a lf 9 oin9 to medical sch° o1 is Vour dream- then You
^ . should stick with it. Step up vour efforts to make sure
you get a place in another school. You can do it!
1 gave in M '
2 backup
3 go into 1 T 3 T 5 T
4 insisted on 2 F 4 F 6 T
5 listening to
6 bring (a new topic) into (the debate) . .
7 stand by 9 Thinking and knowing
Exercise 1
1 back
3 out
8 Advice or
warnings
2 of
4 about
Exercise 1Exercise 2
1 come
3 pull1 out
4 of
7 by
2 keep
4 stuck2 about 5 out
8 back
3 of6 onaaG

iLhtBAFh y
g fp
i
O .y
s
iLhtBAFh 3
g ‘y

O .3
.
p ‘6
F
Exercise 6 Exercise 3
1 Have you heard anything more about the bus strike
next weekend?
2 It's a tradition that goes back to the 17th century.
3 I can't work out how to switch on this machine.
4 What advice will you pass on to your children one day?
5 As soon as I hear that music, memories come back to me.
6 I'll never forget it. It's something that will always stick
in my mind.
7 He looks back on his school days very fondly.
8 I'm thinking of starting my own business.
5 A
6 B
7 F
8 F
1 brings back memories of
2 figure out
3 go back
4 think of
5 know much about
6 go by
Exercise 7
1 goes by 5 come back
2 stuck in 6 brought back
3 passed on 7 dates back
4 heard of 8 handed down
Exercise 8
1 has existed since - goes back to
2 makes me think about = reminds me of
3 give or teach - pass on
4 understand more regarding = know more about
5 continues clearly in = sticks in
6 passed = gone by
10 Feelings
E xercise 1
I B 3 A
2 D 4 C
Exercise 2
1 get over 5 calm down
2 hoping for 6 get to you
3 relate to 7 open up
4 looking forward to 8 let downExercise 3
1 up to 5 to
2 down 6 over
3 with 7 on
4 up 8 for
Exercise 4
I E 3 C
2 F 4 D
Exercise 5
I E 3 F
2 D 4 C
Exercise 6
1 calmed down
2 deal with
3 got over
Exercise 7
1 open up
2 care for
3 hope for
Exercise 8
1 calmed down = become less upset
2 getting over it = recover from
3 face up to - accept and deal with
4 relate to = understand
5 looking forward to = be happy (that something is
going to happen)
6 cheer m e u g = stop feeling sad and become happis5 B
6 A
5 B
6 A
4 plays on
5 gone through
4 gone through
5 face up to
6 got over
1 1 Attitudes
Exercise 1
I B 3 D
2 A 4 C
Exercise 2
1 C 3 E 5 D
2 F 4 A 6 B
Exercise 3
1 They would be upset.
2 It is considered negative.
3 You accept them.
4 It is usually not quite what you want.
5 You support that idea.
6 You are criticising that person.
Exercise 4
1
down5
for
2
off6
up
3
in7
up to
4
to8
forW ork on y o u r Phrasal V e rbs
Answer key

T u Fj h t N h 5 cuAkF 9 • g p3 FhkkIh 8?t
6 showing off
7 sees (saving money) as
8 match up to
4 believe in
5 stands for
6 going for Exercise 5
1 look at
2 objected to
3 picked on
4 walked out
Exercise 6
1 put up with
2 seen (him) as
3 looks at
Exercise 7
1 Jane did not agree with what the company
stood for.
2 We see business as being linked closely linked to
education.
3 I'm not opposed to the idea of nuclear power.
4 It isn't always easy to live up to such high standards.
5 We just ignore Kevin when he shows off.
6 I usually go for the cheapest option.
7 Jay was always getting at his little brother.
8 He walked out after a furious argument.
Exercise 8
I look up to my science teacher. He never picks on
anyone or puts people down, even though he often has
to put up with some badly behaved students. We have
our first science exam next month. I'm not trying to show
off, but he tells me I am a strong student and that he
believes in me.
1 Yes, he does.
2 No, he doesn't.
3 No, they don't.
4 Viktor has his first science exam.
5 He is trying not to show off.
6 Yes, he does.
1 2 Relationships
Exercise 1
1 D
2 A
Exercise 2
1 down
2 for
3 out
Exercise 3
1 D
2 F
Exercise 4
1 do with
2 settling down
3 depends on3 F
4 B
3 A
4 C5 C
6 E
4 with
5 up for
6 out
5 E
6 B
4 get on
5 going out
6 fall out7 B
8 C
4 count on
5 falling apart Exercise 5
I D 4 A
2 E 5 H
3 G 6 F
E xercise 6
1 depends upon
2 get on
3 going out
E xercise 7
1 Sandra is a person you can always depend on to get
things done in time.
2 He left the company after he fell out with his manager
about salary.
3 You don't have to tell anyone what happened. It has
nothing to do with them.
4 I'm sorrv. I really want to make up with you.
5 He's very good looking. She fell for him as soon as she met
him.
6 Don't walk away in the middle of an argument! I
haven't finished with you yet.
E xercise 8
Andrew and I first got together six years ago when we
met on holiday. The fact that he's rich has nothing to
do with why I fell for him. We just got along so well
together, even though he's a lot older than me. What I
love about Andrew is that I can rely on him to take care
of me. But I don't depend on his money. I have always
had plenty of my own!
I F 3 F 5 T
2 F 4 T 6 F
1 3 Socializing and leisure time
Exercise 1
1 up
2 out
Exercise 2
1 call on
2 come along
3 drop in
Exercise 3
I T 3 F 5 F 7 T
2 T 4 T 6 T 8 F
Exercise 4
1 stay in
2 come over
3 dropped in
4 shows up
Exercise 5
I D 3 B
2 F 4 A3 in
4 over
4 got together
5 hang out
6 showed up
5 F
6 T
5 go over
6 taken up
7 went over
8 drop in
5 C
6 Eaao

iLhtBAFh 6
1 putting (it) off 4 come along
2 take up 5 catch up
3 get in 6 ate out
Exercise 7
1 It was nice seeing you again. We must get together
more often.
2 We're going to a the cinema this evening. Would you
like to come along with us?
3 What time shall I come over to your place tonight?
4 What time did you get in last night? Was it very late?
5 I don't feel like eating out tonight. I'll stay at home
and cook something for dinner instead.
6 I've decided to take up yoga - they say it's a good
form of exercise.
Exercise 8
1 make a short visit - come over
2 going with us to the same place - coming along
3 collect — call for
4 leave the house = go out
5 have a meal at a restaurant = eat out
6 meet = get together
14 Sport and fitness
Exercise 1
1 up 3 out
2 down 4 in
Exercise 2
I D 4 E
2 G 5 H
3 F 6 B
Exercise 3
1 down 3 into
2 through 4 up
Exercise 4
1 go 3 keep
2 up 4 behind
Exercise 5
1 THROUGH 4 BEHIND
2 UP 5 IN
3 DOWN 6 OFF
Exercise 6
1 cut down 4 joining in
2 sped up 5 keep up
3 wear him out 6
slowed down
Exercise 7
1 getting into = becoming interested in
2 work on = make an effort to improve7 A
8 C
5 up
6 out
5 went
6 into3 work up = increase something gradually
4 wear mvself out = become too tired
5 wake up = become conscious after sleeping
6 work out = do physical exercises

Exercise 8
1 It seemed impossible for him to catch up with the rest
of the team.
2 Clark is confident the team can go through to the first
division this year.
3 Michael scored just four minutes after they had kicked
off.
4 She held the lead early in the race but now she's
falling behind.
5 You need to work on/at keeping fit.
6 Start slowly and build up to longer training sessions.
7 Unfortunately the team went down four goals to one.
8 Start getting into the habit of walking to work.
1 5 Travel and tourism
Exercise 1
1 in 5 off
2 across 6 into
3 into 7 out
4 round 8 on
Exercise 2
I F 4 G 7 H
2 D 5 B 8 C
3 A 6 E
Exercise 3
I T 3 T 5 F
2 F 4 F 6 T
Exercise 4
1 get off 4 moved on
2 got off 5 came across
3 headed for 6 went around
Exercise 5
1 AWAY 4 ACROSS
2 FOR 5 AWAY
3 IN 6 AROUND
Exercise 6
1 He's going to go round Europe with a friend for three
months.
2 Welcome home! When did you get back from holiday?
3 It's a lovely, sunny day. Let's head to the beach today.
4 You have to get off the bus at the last stop.
5 You can check in online, to save yourself time at the

airport.
6 What time does your train get in at the station?W ork on y o u r Phrasal V erbs Answer key

T u Fj h t N h 5 Units 13-175 get into
6 got in
7 checkin
8 drop (passengers) off Exercise 7
1 get away
2 check out
3 come from
4 get off
Exercise 8
THE GEORGE H O TEL ****
Our plane got into London very late - at about 2 a.m.
But the staff were friendly and helpful when we checked
in. The hotel is ideally located for going around the
main tourist attractions in the city centre. We came
across an excellent Indian restaurant next door, which I'd
recommend. We're planning on getting awav for a short
holiday next year. I think we will definitely head for the
George Hotel!
1 It arrived very late / at 2 a.m.
2 The staff were friendly and helpful.
3 It is a good location for going around the main tourist
attractions in the city.
4 They found an excellent Indian restaurant.
5 They are planning a short holiday.
6 They will stay at the George Hotel.
16 Clothing and fashion
Exercise 1
1 up 2 on
Exercise 2
1 out 3 up
2 off 4 with
Exercise 3
I F 3 B
2 D 4 E
E xercise 4
1 T 3 F
2 T 4 T
Exercise 5
I D 4 H
2 G 5 B
3 A 6 C
Exercise 6
1 C 3 B
2 D 4 E
Exercise 7
1 dress up
2 got (it) on
3 put on
4 show off
5 did up
6 took (his hat) off3 out4 off
5 in
6 on
5 A
6 C
5 F
6 F
7 E
8 F
5 F
6 AExercise 8
Isabella: Hi. I'd like to try on this dress, please. I'm not
sure about the size, though ...
Store Assistant: No problem. You can put it on in the
changing room over there. If the dress doesn't fit we can
take it in for you.
Isabella: Thanks. Could you pick out some shoes to
match the dress?
Store Assistant: Of cpurse. How about these silver
shoes? They go really well with it.
Isabella: Oh yes, they're much nicer than the shoes I
have on!
1 T 4 F
2 F 5 T
3 T 6 T
1 7 Studying and learning
E xercise 1
1 up 3 through 5 to
2 out 4 for 6 behind
Exercise 2
I B 3 H 5 D 7 F
2 E 4 C 6 A 8 G
Exercise 3
1 up 3 through 5 out
2 out 4 out 6 in
E xercise 4
1 You choose to do it.
2 You give it to someone.
3 You agree to become involved with it.
4 You are below the standard of others.
5 You examine it closely.
6 You do it quickly.
Exercise 5
1 cut out
2 fall behind
3 handed in
4 looks at
5 missed (a few things) out
6 run through
E xercise 6
1 looking through
2 missed (it) out
3 run through
4 mix up
5 looks at
6 take in
7 finding out
8 went overaa&

iLhtBAFh 7
1 not reach the same standard or level as other people
= fall behind
2 signed an agreement to do a course of study = signed

3 understand something = take in
4 learn something = find out
5 helped me to understand something by talking about
it = went over
6 decided to do something = opted for
Exercise 8
1 signed up 4 find out
2 running over 5 dropped out
3 relate to 6 hand in
18 Jobs and careers
E xercise 1
I T 3 T 5 T
2 F 4 F 6 T
Exercise 2
I B 3 E 5 D
2 A 4 F 6 C
Exercise 3
1 stay on 5 shut (it) down
2 stick (it) out 6 made up of
3 moving into 7 step down
4 got (very little) out of 8 walked out
Exercise 4
1 set up 5 make up
2 carryout 6 shutdown
3 get out of 7 stick out
4 step down 8 shutdown
Exercise 5
1 UP 4 INTO
2 IN 5 OUT OF
3 ON 6 OUT
Exercise 6
1 Do you have everything you need in order to carry out
the task?
2 We regret to announce that we have to lav off some
members of staff.
3 We're taking on three new employees this month.
4 She's not happy in her work, but she's decided to stick
it out until she finds something else.
5 She used to work in the public sector but she's moved
into the private sector now.
6 Are you the kind of person who will be able to fit in
with our way of doing things?Exercise 7
I D 3 C 5 B
2 A 4 E 6 F
Exercise 8
1 fit in = be happy and accepted by people
2 stand out = be noticeable and different to other things
3 take you on = employ you
4 set up = started
5 carrying out = doing
6 take on = accept
19 Business
Exercise 1
1 on 3 off 5 down
2 out 4 up 6 over
Exercise 2
1 up 3 off 5 off
2 up 4 out 6 down
Exercise 3
I D 4 F 7 E
2 A 5 B 8 G
3 C 6 H
Exercise 4
1 OVER
2 UP
3 OFF
E xercise 5
1 built on
2 pull out
3 starting up
Exercise 6
1 turnaround
2 send out
3 to pull out of
E xercise 7
I started up my own business three years ago. At first
things really took off - I was making lots of money and
the customers were happy with my products. I tried hard
to build on my good relationship with customers. But
the economy is weak now, so people are less willing to
hand over money. We'll need to keep our costs down for
the business to survive another year. I really hope the
economy turns around soon.
1 Fie started his business three years ago.
2 Yes, it was.
3 Fie tried to take advantage of his good relationship
with customers
4 They don't want to spend money now because the
economy is weak.4 OVER
5 UP
6 AROUND
4 taken over
5 turn (things) around
6 look into
4 look into it
5 take over
6 trying outW ork on y o u r Phrasal V erbs Answer key

T u Fj h t N h 5 Units 17-212 SU m-06 AUUw C7060 16 1 T7) TUkUTW
6 He hopes the economy will improve.
Exercise 8
1 make up for
2 send out
3 trying out
4 come out of
5 hand over
6 teamed up
20 Money and spending
Exercise 1
1 to 3 off 5 off
2 into 4 down 6 aside
Exercise 2
I B 3 E 5 D
2 F 4 A 6 C
Exercise 3
1 taking out 4 sold off
2 cut back on 5 added up to
3 pay for 6 brings in
Exercise 4
1 F 3 C 5 E
2 D 4 B 6 A
E xercise 5
1 OFF 3 OUT 5 IN
2 ON 4 DOWN 6 UP
Exercise 6
1 In order to save money, we are cutting back on
unnecessary stationery.
2 It took us a while to build up a large database, but
we've succeeded in that now.
3 How are you ever going to pav off all these expensive
things you've bought on your credit card?
4 Having too many credit cards is a common way for
people to get into debt.
5 She's come into some money and has bought a huge
house in the south of France.
6 It's a good idea to set aside some money for when
you have retired.
Exercise 7
1 paying in 4 cut back on
2 giveaway 5 brings in
3 came into 6 built up
Exercise 8
If you're looking to put down a deposit on a house, you
might think you can't afford it, but there are things you
can do to help. Cutting back on luxuries you don't need
is a great way to build up your savings. You might also5 T
6 F
4 brought about
5 put out
6 make up want to consider taking out a loan to help cover the cost
of a large deposit. Remember, if you do get into debt,
don't worry - there are companies out there who can
help you to gay it off.
I T 3 T 5 F
2 F 4 T
2 1 Reporting in the media
Exercise 1
1 OFF 4 WITH
2 IN 5 FROM
3 INTO 6 UNDER
Exercise 2
1 about 4 about
2 into 5 up
3 under 6 with
Exercise 3
I T 3 T
2 T 4 F
Exercise 4
1 looking for
2 runs through
3 step in
E xercise 5
Environmental campaigners have called for a ban on
traffic in the city centre. This comes after pollution
levels were found to be dangerously high for two years
running. The campaigners' plans to turn the city centre
into a car-free zone have met with support from city
residents. Campaign spokesman Derek Shields said:
'Closing the city centre to traffic would result in lower
carbon emissions and make the city a more pleasant
place to live. It's time for the city authorities to step in
and address this problem.'
1 cause a situation or event to happen = result in
2 get involved in a situation and try to help = step in
3 happens or exists later than a particular event or point
in time = comes after
4 change something and make it become another
thing = turn ... into
5 oot a particular reaction = met with
6 demanded that an action should be done = called for
Exercise 6
1 World leaders have called for action after the news of
the attack.
2 Although the company hadn't made a formal
announcement, word soon got around that the
director had resigned.
3 A ripple of excitement ran through the football fans
as their hero came on to the pitch.a5a

y idhuk1eII5 k&h etb5 &eS k? FkhU Au euS ?88ht
assistance to the flood victims.
5 Minutes after the explosion, panic set in and people
began to flee the building.
6 The headmaster decided it was time to call in the
police to sort out the problem of theft in the school.
Exercise 7
I D 3 F 5 B
2 A 4 E 6 C
Exercise 8
1 calling for 5 met with
2 called in 6 result from
3 call off 7 resulted in
4 got round 8 turn into
22 Political events
Exercise 1
1 by 5 for
2 back 6 into
3 down 7 ahead
4 in 8 out
Exercise 2
1 with 4 into
2 on 5 out
3 ahead 6 for
Exercise 3
1 C 4 A 7 G
2 E 5 H 8 F
3 B 6 D
Exercise 4
1 DOWN 4 AHEAD
2 INTO 5 BY
3 BACK 6 IN
Exercise 5
1 dealing with 4 bring in
2 imposed (restrictions) on 5 engage in
3 lead to 6 pull (troops) out
Exercise 6
1 fight back 4 pulled out
2 go ahead 5 bringdown
3 sort out 6 bring in
Exercise 7
1 We're cracking down hard on vigilante groups in
general.
2 The new measures are designed to deal with
immigration more effectively.
3 The agreement will lead to better relationships
between the two countries.4 The government will not stand bv and allow thieves
to operate in this way.
5 NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
6 Campaigners are pressing for a review of the current
law.
7 The state dominates the groups and imposes its
directives on them.
8 The two countries are engaged in a border dispute.
Exercise 8
1 entered into = became involved in something
2 push for = try to persuade other people to help you
achieve something
3 impose ... upon = use authority to force someone to
accept something
4 engage in - take part in something
5 stand bv - allow something to happen
6 standing for = being a candidate in an election
23 Crime
Exercise 1
1 up 3 up
2 away 4 off
Exercise 2
1 in 5 up
2 into 6 for
3 up 7 away
4 in 8 down
Exercise 3
I T 4 T
2 F 5 T
3 T 6 F
Exercise 4
I E 4 H
2 G 5 B
3 A 6 C
Exercise 5
1 broke into
2 got away
3 get (him) off
Exercise 6
1 C 3 F
2 E 4 B
Exercise 7
1 IN 3 FOR
2 OFF 4 UP
Exercise 8
A man who held up a bank in the city centre has been
arrested by police. The man locked staff in a store7 T
8 F
7 F
8 D
4 handed (it) in
5 locked (him) in
6 running away
5 A
6 D
5 DOWN
6 AWAYa 7dA 7u I 7 - d Ltd101T R U df0 Answer key

T u Fj h t N h 5 Units 2 1 -2 5d77m )t•TU tU 166Umw6U. 67 fdU1A •u67 6tU 014UW atUu
the safe would not open, he tried to run awav. But
police arrived in time to stop him. Police chief Dean
Sanchez said:'He was foolish to think he could get
awav with this.'Three other men have been taken in for
questioning.
1 He tried to rob a bank.
2 Staff could not leave the store room because they
were locked in.
3 He tried to enter the safe illegally.
4 He tried to leave because the safe would not open.
5 The man was foolish to think that he could get away
with this.
6 The police have made three other men go to the
police station.
24 Disaster and destruction
Exercise 1
1 DOWN 4 TO
2 UP 5 OUT
3 OFF 6 OUT
Exercise 2
1 H 4 C 7 A
2 G 5 E 8 D
3 F 6 B
Exercise 3
1 smash down 4 blew up
2 put out 5 going off
3 wipeout 6 runout
Exercise 4
I D 4 B 7 C
2 E 5 F 8 G
3 F 6 H
Exercise 5
1 The wind blew awav all the papers on mv desk.
2 My car broke down on the way to work.
3 After the petrol shortage, petrol supplies have all run
out.
4 The earthquake caused large parts of the building to
fall down.
5 It took fire fighters several days to out out the fire.
6 She wrote off the car when she crashed into a wall.
Exercise 6
1 blew away
2 blown up
3 broke down
Exercise 7
1 A
2 B3 B
4 C4 reduced to
5 going off
6 run down
5 C
6 AE xercise 8
A forest fire that broke out on a farm three days ago
is now under control. Firefighters were running out of
water supplies yesterday, but helicopters brought extra
supplies to help put out the blaze. Huge areas of forest
have been virtually wiped out by the fire. Many farm
buildings were also reduced to rubble. Fortunately the
fire did not spread to a nearby town, which could have
cut the town off from firefighters.
I T 3 F 5 F
2 T
4 T 6 F
25 Helping and recovering
5 with
6 down
7 around
8 in Exercise 1
1 on
2 up
3 out
4 from
E xercise 2
1 C 3 A 5 D
2 F 4 B 6 E
E xercise 3
I F 3 T 5 T
2 F 4 F 6 F
E xercise 4
1 AROUND 3 AFTER 5 FROM
2 BEHIND 4 WITH 6 OUT
E xercise 5
1 clean up
2 protect (yourself) from
3 live with
4 held on to
5 kept on
6 settled down
Exercise 6
1 It was difficult for him to carry on after the accident.
2 I just don't know how we're going to get through this
difficult time.
3 If there's anything I can do to help out, just let me
know.
4 Things will get better - You just need to keep holding
on!
5 Dario really wanted to leave his past behind and
move on with life.
6 I offered to look after Helen's children while she's in
hospital.
7 After a few hours, his stomach settled down and he
ate a sandwich.
8 They took in a homeless couple for a week while they
looked for a place to stay.a5)

iLhtBAFh 7
g Fk?UUhS &edAu' e UeFk 8hhIAu' euS Ut?'thFFhS k?
something new = left that part of my life behind
2 took rare of me = looked after me
3 survive something = get through
4 did something to help me = helped me out
5 changed my life completely and made it better =
turned my life around
6 allowed me to live at her house = took me in
Exercise 8
1 look after 4 keep on / carry on
2 settled down 5 clean up
3 hold on to / hold onto 6 took ina5f W ork on y o u r Phrasal V erbs Answer key

JuShL
The num bers refer to the unit num bers.
A
agree with 7
aim at 6
amount to 20
ask for 4
B
back down 7
back up 7
base on 5
begin with 5
believe in 11
blow away 24
blow up 24
breakd ow n 12,24
break in 23
break into 23
break out 24
bring about 21
bring back 9
bring down 22
bring in 20, 22
bring into 7
bring out 19
bring up 3, 5
build on 19
build up 20
c
call back 4
call for 13, 21
call in 21
call off 21
call on 13
call up 4
calm down 10
care for 10
carry on 25
c a rry o u t 18
catch up 13, 14, 17
c h e c k in 15
ch e c k o u t 15
cheer up 10
clean up 25
come across 15
come after 21come along 3, 13
come back 3, 9
come back to 4
come down 3
come down to 7
come from 15
come in 3
come into 20
come off 3
come on 8
come out 3, 13
come out of 19
come over 13
come through 3
come up 3
come up with 5
come under 21
count on 6
crack down 22
cut back on 20
cut down 14
cut off 24
cut out 5, 17
D
deal with 5, 10, 22
depend on 12
do up 16
do with 12
dress up 16
drop in 13
drop off 15
d ro p o u t 17
E
eat out 13
end up 6
e ngage in 22
enter into 22
F
face up to 10
fall apart 12
fall behind 14,17
fall down 1,24
fall for 12fall out 12
figure out 9
fight back 22
fill in 5
find out 17
finish with 12
fit in 6, 18
follow up 6
force into 22
G
get around 21
g e ta w a y 15,23
get away with 23
get back 3, 15
get back to 4
get in 13, 15
get into 14, 15, 20
get off 1, 15, 23
get on 12, 16
get out 1
get out of 18
get over 10, 17
get through 25
get to 10
get together 12, 13
get up 1
give away 20
give in 7
give up 8, 23
go about 6
go ahead 22
go around 15
go away 15
go back 1, 9
go back on 7
go back to 7
go by 9
go down 14
go for 11
go in 1,7
go into 1, 7
go off 1, 24
go out 12, 13
go over 3, 13, 17
go through 10,14125

WP ur e8
JPPd lE&oi 36
ru& Pn ek
WP Us&f ek
JPPd l& ee9 e?
ru& Pu& 3e9 38
WiPU ur C
JPPd mlyd J
ru& &P 8
Hlook down 8
put together 2
look for 2, 21
put up 2
hand in 17, 23look forward to 10
put up with 11
hand out 17look into 19
hand over 19look out 8
R
hang on 4look up 17
reduce to 24
hang out 13look up to 11
refer to 5
have on 16
Mrelate to 10, 17
head for 15
rely on 12
hear about 9
make for 3
remind of 9
hear from 4
make out 4
resort to 23
hear of 9
make up 12, 18, 21
result from 21
help out 25
make up for 12, 19
result in 21
hold back 4
meet with 21
return to 3
hold on 4, 25
mess up 8
rip off 23
hold on to 25
miss out 17
rule out 6
hold up 23
mix up 17
run away 23
hope for 8
move in 3
run down 3
hope for 10
move into 18
run in 1
1move on 15
run into 1, 6
move on to 5
run on 1
impose on 22move out of 18
run out 1, 24
insist on 7move up 1
run over 24
run through 17, 21
Jo
run to 8
join in 14object to 11
Kopen up 10s
oppose to 11
see as 11
keep down 1,19opt for 17
sell off 20
keep from 8sell out 20
keep on 25P
send off 19
keep out 8pass on 9send out 19
keep up 14pay for 20, 23set aside 20
knock out 24pay in 20set in 21
know about 9pay off 20settle down 8, 12, 25
pick on 11settle for 11
Lpick out 16settle in 18
lay down 1pick up 2set off 15
lay off 18plan for 6set out 6
lead to 22play on 10set up 18
leave behind 3, 25protect from 25show off 11,16
leave out 5point out 7show up 13
letdow n 10pull off 6, 16sh u tdow n 18
let in 2pull on 16sign up 17
let out 23pull out 19, 22sit down 1
light up 2pull over 8slo w d o w n 14
line up 6push for 22speed up 14
listen to 7put back 2sort out 22
live on 20put down 2, 11, 20stand by 22
live up to 11put forward 5stand for 11, 22
live with 25put in 2stand up 1
lock in 23put off 11,13start off 5126 W ork on y o u r Phrasal V erbs Index

JuShL
start on 6
take on 18
turn into 21
start out 3
take out 20
turn off 2
start up 19
take over 19
turn on 2
stay in 13
take up 13, 16
turn out 6
stay on 18
talk into 7
turn to 8
stem from 21
talk out of 7
step down 18
talk to 4
w
step in 21
talk with 4
wake up 14
step up 8
team up 19
walk out 11, 12,
stick in 9
think of 9
watch out 8
stick out 18
throw at 2
wear out 14, 16
stick to 8
throw away 2
wind up 6
stick with 8
throw in 2
wipe out 24
sum up 5
throw out 2
win over 7
track down 23
work on 14
T
try for 8
work out 9, 14
take away 2try on 16
work up 14
take back 2tr y o u t 19
wrap up 16
take in 16, 17, 23, 25turn around 19, 25
write in 5
take into 2turn back 1
write off 24
take off 18, 19turn down 4127

jihhWks
COBUILD
Collins C O B U IL D
Phrasal Verbs Dictionary
‘ No m ore g u e s s in g g a m e s or relying on
teacher intuition. W orking from a regularly
updated corpu s o f over 4.5 billion
w ord s taken from authentic sources,
Collins C O B U IL D products provide
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are really u se d /
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9 7 8- O - O O -7 4 3 5 4 8 - 7
Thousands o f phrasal verbs at your fingertips!
• Phrasal verbs from around the world explained in simple,
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• Collocations, synonyms and antonyms help you build your
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xnWJscf sc EuJJ PE rfilclJ aoimcS Nc l Jolinoi PE xnWJscf 2Pu bsWf& Esnt s&
yflJJonWsnW &P dnPU fPU lnt Ufon &P uco &fobS
Collins Work on your Phrasal Verbs presents the 400 most common phrasal
verbs so that you learn the ones that you really need to know. Each phrasal
verb is covered in depth with clear examples, definitions and exercises to
help you become confident using them.
The book features:
The 400 most co m m on phrasal verbs carefully chosen th ro u gh freq uen cy
analysis of C o llin s C O B U ILD data
Phrasal verbs g ro u pe d into 25 them es, such as Feelings, Sport
and Jo bs, m akin g them easier to m em orize
• Full-sentence d ic tio n a ry d efin itio n s with exam p le sentences
and extra b a ckg ro u n d notes on usage
• Stu dy tips on how to m em orize phrasal verbs
• A co m p re h en sive answer key
C E F level B 1 - C 2
S u ita b le for s e lf-stu d y a n d cla ssro o m use
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